Strain number NIES-4077  
Phylum Dinophyta  
Class Dinophyceae  
Scientific name Cladocopium sp.  
Former name Formerly identified as Symbiodinium sp., named based on LaJeunesse et al. 2018[2019 Aug]  
Common name Dinoflagellate ; Zooxanthellae  
Locality (Date of collection) Okinawa, Japan  
Latitude / Longitude  
Habitat (Isolation source) Marine (Cardiid clam (Fragum sp.))  
History < Shoguchi, Eiichi < Hidaka, Michio < Yamasu, Terufumi  
Isolator (Date of isolation) Yamasu, Terufumi  
Identified by Hidaka, Michio  
State of strain Subculture; Clonal; Non-axenic[2017 May]  
Culture condition
(Preculture condition)
Medium:  f/2  
Temperature:  20 C
Light intensity:  6 µmol photons/m2/sec, L/D cycle:  10L:14D
Duration:  2 M  
Gene information Whole-genome ( PRJDB3243 )  
Cell size (min - max)  
Organization Unicellular 
Characteristics Symbiotic (cockle) ; Genome decoded strain (Shoguchi et al. 2018) ; Clade C  
Other strain no. Other strain no. : Y-103  
Takagi, T., Aoyama, K., Motone, K., Aburaya, S., Yamashiro, H., Miura, N., Inoue, K. 2023 Mutualistic interactions between dinoflagellates and pigmented bacteria mitigate environmental stress. Microbiol. Spectr., 11,
Strain(s): 4077 
DOI: 10.1128/spectrum.02464-22

Shimakawa, G., Shoguchi, E., Burlacot, A., Ifuku, K., Che, Y., Kumazawa, M., Tanaka, K., Nakanishi, S. 2021 Coral symbionts evolved a functional polycistronic flavodiiron gene. Photosynth. Res., 151, 113–124.
Keywords: Flavodiiron proteins; Polycistronic gene; Gene fusion; Coral symbionts; Evolution
Strain(s): 4077 
PubMed: 34309771
DOI: 10.1007/s11120-021-00867-7

Ripken, C., Khalturin, K., Shoguchi, E. 2020 Response of coral reef dinoglagellates to nanoplastics under experimental conditions suggests downregulation of cellular metabolism. Microorganisms, 8, 1759 (article ID).
Keywords: nanoplastics; dinoflagellate; coral reef; Symbiodinium; Cladocopium; gene expression
Strain(s): 40764077 
PubMed: 33182359
DOI: 10.3390/microorganisms8111759

Chen, Y., González-Pech, R. A., Stephens, T. G., Bhattacharya, D., Chan, C. X. 2020 Evidence that inconsistent gene prediction can mislead analysis of dinoflagellate genomes. J. Phycol., 56, 6-10.
Strain(s): 4077 
PubMed: 31713873
DOI: 10.1111/jpy.12947

Shoguchi, E., Beedessee, G., Tada, I., Hisata, K., Kawashima, T., Takeuchi, T., Arakaki, N., Fujie, M., Koyanagi, R., Roy, M. C., Kawachi, M., Hidaka, M., Satoh, N., Shinzato, C. 2018 Two divergent Symbiodinium genomes reveal conservation of a gene cluster for sunscreen biosynthesis and recently lost genes. BMC Genomics, 19, 458 (article ID).
Keywords: Dinoflagellates; Evolutionary genomics; Symbiodinium; Mycosporine-like amino acids; Symbiosis
Strain(s): 40764077 
PubMed: 29898658
DOI: 10.1186/s12864-018-4857-9

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