Strain number NIES-478  
Phylum Cyanophyta  
Class Cyanophyceae  
Scientific name Microcystis aeruginosa (Kützing) Lemmermann  
Synonym Microcystis ichthyoblabe Kützing; Microcystis novacekii (Komárek) Compère; Microcystis viridis (A.Brown) Lemmermann; Microcystis wesenbergii Komárek  
Former name Microcystis aeruginosa (Kützing) Lemmermann f. flos-aquae (Wittrock) Elenkin  
Common name Blue-green alga ; Cyanobacteria  
Locality (Date of collection) Lake Kasumigaura Ibaraki Japan (1977-09-**)  
Latitude / Longitude 36.0428477398 / 140.373233439 
Habitat (Isolation source) Freshwater (Lake water)  
History < Yagi, Osami  
Isolator (Date of isolation) Yagi, Osami (1978-04-**)  
Identified by Yagi, Osami  
State of strain Cryopreservation; Unialgal; Non-clonal; Non-axenic  
Culture condition
(Preculture condition)
Medium:  MA  
Temperature:  20 (25) C
Light intensity:  4-10 (12) µmol photons/m2/sec, L/D cycle:  10L:14D
Duration:  3 M (14 D)  
Gene information ftsZ ( AB324911 ) , glnA ( AB324990 ) , gltX ( AB325069 ) , gyrB ( AB325148 ) , mcyJ ( AB444827 ) , pgi ( AB325227 ) , recA ( AB325306 ) , tpi ( AB325385 )  
Cell size (min - max)  
Organization  
Characteristics Cyanobacterial water bloom (aoko) ; Toxicity ; microcystin (Tanabe et al. 2009b) ; ST62 (Tanabe et al. 2007)  
Other strain no. Other strain no. : K-5  
Remarks Toxicity; Cryopreserved 
Movie  
Reference
Takaara, T., Sasaki, S., Fujii, M., Ito, H., Masago, Y., Omura, T. 2019 Lectin-stimulated cellular iron uptake and toxin generation in the freshwater cyanobacterium Microcystis aeruginosa. Harmful Algae, 83, 25-33.
Keywords: Microcystis aeruginosa; Lectin; Iron uptake; Toxin production; Polysaccharide
Strain(s): 478 
PubMed: 31097253
DOI: 10.1016/j.hal.2019.01.003

Tanabe, Y., Hodoki, Y., Sano, T., Tada, K., Watanabe, MM. 2018a Adaptation of the freshwater bloom-forming cyanobacterium Microcystis aeruginosa to brackish water is driven by recent horizontal transfer of sucrose genes. Front. Microbiol., 9, 1150 (article ID).
Keywords: Microcystis; bloom; salt tolerance; sucrose; genomics; brackish water; horizontal gene trasnfer; ecotype
Strain(s): 4487888990919899100101102103104105107108109112298299478604843901105010521059106310671069107010751076108510931094109811001101110211041105110611071108111311141115112211281130113111321134113911411142114311441150117011741175117611771179118111831185121112131214121512321234123812391252208820902091246524662467246824692470247124722473247524762477247824792480248124822483248424852486248724882489249024912492249424952546254725482549255025512552255325542555255625572558255925602561259225942595259625972598259926002601260226032604260526062607260826102611261226132617261826192620262126222623262426252626262826294234 
PubMed: 29922255
DOI: 10.3389/fmicb.2018.01150

Sun, L.W., Jiang, W.J., Sato, H., Kawachi, M., Lu, X.W. 2016 Rapid classification and identification of Microcystis aeruginosa strains using MALDI-TOF MS and polygenetic analysis. PLoS One, 11, e0156275 (article ID).
Strain(s): 44878889901001011041051071091111124786048439011043105310581061106810691070107210761077108510941099110111041105111311151126113411351144115111571170121112131215121612171218122212241230123212331239 
PubMed: 27227555
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0156275

Tanabe, Y., Watanabe, M. M. 2011 Local expansion of a panmictic lineage of water bloom-forming cyanobacterium Microcystis aeruginosa. PLoS One, 6, e17085 (article ID).
Strain(s): 4487888990919899100101102103104105106107108109110111112298299478604843901105010511052105310541055105610571058105910601061106210631064106510661067106810691070107210751076107710851090109110921093109410951096109710981100110111021103110411051106110711081113111411151122112311241125112611271128112911301131113211331134113511361137113811391140114111421143114411451146114711481149115011511152115311551156115711591160116111621163116411701171117211731174117511761177117911801181118311841185118612091211121312141215121612171218121912201221122212231224122512261227122812291230123112321233123412351236123712381239124012411242124312441245125112521253125420882089209020912465246624672468246924702471247224732474247524762477247824792480248124822483248424852486248724882489249024912492249324942495249625422543254425452546254725482549255025512552255325542555255625572558255925602561259125922593259425952596259725982599260026012602260326042605260626072608260926102611261226132617261826192620262126222623262426252626262726282629 
PubMed: 21390221
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0017085

Tanabe, Y., Sano, T., Kasai, F., Watanabe, M. M. 2009b Recombination, cryptic clades and neutral molecular divergence of the microcystin synthetase (mcy) genes of toxic cyanobacterium Microcystis aeruginosa. BMC Evol. Biol., 9, 115 (article ID).
Strain(s): 44878889909198991001011021031041051061071081091101111122982994786048439011050105110521053105410551056105710581059106010611062106310641065106610671068106910701072107510761077108510901091109210931094109510961097109811001101110211031104110511061107110811131114111511221123112411251126112711281129113011311132113311341135113611371138113911401141114211431144114511461147114811491150115111521153115511561157115911601161116211631164117011711172120912111213121412151216121712181219122012211222122312241225122612271228122912301231123212331234123512361237123812391240124112421243124412451251125212531254246524662467246924702471247224732474247524762477247824792561 
PubMed: 19463155
DOI: 10.1186/1471-2148-9-115

Tanabe, Y., Kasai, F., Watanabe, M. M. 2007 Multilocus sequence typing (MLST) reveals high genetic diversity and clonal population structure of the toxic cyanobacterium Microcystis aeruginosa. Microbiology, 153, 3695-3703.
Strain(s): 44878889909198991001011021031041051061071081091101111122982994786048439019331050105110521053105410551056105710581059106010611062106310641065106610671068106910701072107510761077108510901091109210931094109510961097109811001101110211031104110511061107110811131114111511221123112411251126112711281129113011311132113311341135113611371138113911401141114211431144114511461147114811491150115111521153115511561157115911601161116211631164117011711172120912111213121412151216121712181219122012211222122312241225122612271228122912301231123212331234123512361237123812391240124112421243124412451251125212531254 

Mori, F., Erata, M., Watanabe, M. M. 2002 Cryopreservation of cyanobacteria and green algae in the NIES-Collection. Microbiol. Cult. Coll., 18, 45-55.
Keywords: cryopreservation; cyanobacteria; green algae; FDA staining method; NIES-Collection
Strain(s): 19212223242526272829303132333435363738394041444546505152535455565758596061626364656667686970737475767778798081878990919293949596979899100101102103104105106107108109110111112119120122123124125127128129130131132133134135137138139144147148150151152153154155156157158159160162163164165166167168169170171172173174175176177178179180181182183185186187188189191192193194195197198199200201202203204205206207208209210211212213214215216217224226227228229230231232241242243244245246248257259261262263266267268271287288289290294295297298299300301302303305306308309310311312313329334336337338339340341342349351359360361362375378379380382384385390394396397398415416418419421422423424425426427428429430431432433434436437438439440446447448449450451452453454455456457458459460464468469474478479480481503504505506507509510512514515522523524527528529530531532536537538539540541542543544545546564565566567568569570571572573574575576577578579580581582583584585592593594595596597598604610628630631632633634635636637638639640641642643644645646647648649650651652653654655656657658659660661662663664665666667672685686687688689690691692693694717718719720721722723724725726727728729 

Ishida, K., Matsuda, H., Murakami, M., Yamaguchi, K. 1997 Micropeptins 478-A and -B, plasmin inhibitors from the cyanobacterium Microcystis aeruginosa. J. Nat. Prod., 60, 184-187.
Strain(s): 478 
DOI: 10.1021/np9606815

Yagi, O., Ohkubo, N., Tomioka, N., Okada, M. 1989 Limiting nutrients of algal growth in Ushiku Marsh. Jpn. J. Limnol., 50, 139-148 (in Japanese with English summary).
Keywords: algal growth potential; Microcystis; Selenastrum; nutrient
Strain(s): 35478 

Yagi, O., Hagiwara, T., Takamura, Y., Sudo, R. 1987 Limiting nutrients of algal growth in Lake Kasumigaura. Jpn. J. Water Poll. Res., 10, 115-122 (in Japanese with English summary).
Keywords: Microcystis; blue-green algae; nutrients; algal growth potential
Strain(s): 35478 

Yagi, O., Hagiwara, T., Takamura, Y., Sudo, R. 1984 Growth characteristics of axenic and unialgal Microcystis isolated from Lake Kasumigaura. Jpn. J. Water Poll. Res., 7, 496-503 (in Japanese with English summary).
Keywords: Microcystis; bacteria; growth; axenic; algae
Strain(s): 478604 

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