Strain number NIES-2538  
Phylum Cyanophyta  
Class Cyanophyceae  
Scientific name Nostoc commune Vaucher ex Bornet & Flahault  
Former name  
Common name Blue-green alga ; Cyanobacteria  
Locality (Date of collection) Kanazawa University, Kanazawa, Ishikawa, Japan  
Latitude / Longitude 36.543666 / 136.7093 
Habitat (Isolation source) Terrestrial  
History < Sakamoto, Toshio  
Isolator (Date of isolation) Sakamoto, Toshio  
Identified by Sakamoto, Toshio  
State of strain Cryopreservation; Non-Axenic  
Culture condition
(Preculture condition)
Medium:  Modified BG-110 (agar)  
Temperature:  20 C
Light intensity:  4-10 µmol photons/m2/sec, L/D cycle:  10L:14D
Duration:  3 M  
Gene information 16S rRNA ( AB088375 ) , groES, groEL ( AB249674 ) , nrtP ( AB325916 ) , petH ( AB111467 ) , wspA ( AB518000 LC195125 ) , mysA, mysB, mysC, mysD ( LC102213 ) , Dps family protein ( LC369115 LC369111 )  
Cell size (min - max) - 5 μm  
Organization Filamentous 
Characteristics Drought tolerance ; Nitrogen fixation  (aerobic condition)  
Other strain no. Other strain no. : KU002  
Remarks Cryopreserved; Very slow growth 
Sakamoto, T., Hashimoto, A., Yamaba, M., Wada, N., Yoshida, T., Inoue-Sakamoto, K., Nishiuchi, T., Matsugo, S. 2019 Four chemotypes of the terrestrial cyanobacterium Nostoc commune characterized by differences in the mycosporine‐like amino acids. Phycol. Res., 67, 3-11.
Strain(s): 253839893990 
DOI: 10.1111/pre.12333

Inoue-Sakamoto, K., Tanji, Y., Yamaba, M., Natsume, T., Masaura, T., Asano, T., Nishiuchi, T., Sakamoto, T. 2018 Characterization of extracellular matrix components from the desiccation-tolerant cyanobacterium Nostoc commune. J. Gen. Appl. Microbiol., 64, 15-25.
Keywords: anhydrobiosis; desiccation tolerance; extracellular polysaccharide (EPS); superoxide dismutase (SOD); water stress protein (WspA)
Strain(s): 21082538398939903991 
PubMed: 29225284
DOI: 10.2323/jgam.2017.03.001

Inoue-Sakamoto, K., Nazifi, E., Tsuji, C., Asano, T., Nishiuchi, T., Matsugo, S., Ishihara, K., Kanesaki, Y., Yoshikawa, H., Sakamoto, T. 2018 Characterization of mycosporine-like amino acids in the cyanobacterium Nostoc verrucosum. J. Gen. Appl. Microbiol., 64, 203-211.
Keywords: antioxidant; environmental adaptation; mycosporine-like amino acid (MAA); mys genes
Strain(s): 25382539 
PubMed: 29709901
DOI: 10.2323/jgam.2017.12.003

Nazifi, E., Wada, N., Asano, T., Nishiuchi, T., Iwamuro, Y., Chinaka, S., Matsugo, S., Sakamoto, T. 2015 Characterization of the chemical diversity of glycosylated mycosporine-like amino acids in the terrestrial cyanobacterium Nostoc commune. J. Photochem. Photobiol. B-Biol., 142, 154-168.
Strain(s): 25383989 
PubMed: 25543549
DOI: 10.1016/j.jphotobiol.2014.12.008

Arima, H., Horiguchi, N., Takaichi, S., Kofuji, R., Ishida, K-I., Wada, K., Sakamoto, T. 2012 Molecular genetic and chemotaxonomic characterization of the terrestrial cyanobacterium Nostoc commune and its neighboring species. FEMS Microbiol. Ecol., 79, 34-45.
Keywords: Anhydrobiosis; carotenoid; ferredoxin-NADP; oxidoreductase; nitrate/nitrite transporter; random amplified polymorphic DNA; water stress protein
Strain(s): 24282107210825382539 
PubMed: 22066798
DOI: 10.1111/j.1574-6941.2011.01195.x

Sakamoto, T., Kumihashi, K., Kunita, S., Masaura, T., Inoue-Sakamoto, K., Yamaguchi, M. 2011 The extracellular-matrix-retaining cyanobacterium Nostoc verrucosum accumulates trehalose, but is sensitive to desiccation. FEMS Microbiol. Ecol., 77, 385-394.
Keywords: compatible solute; stress tolerance; extracellular; polysaccharide; water stress protein (WspA)
Strain(s): 25382539 
DOI: 10.1111/j.1574-6941.2011.01114.x

Tamaru, Y., Takani, Y., Yoshida, T., Sakamoto, T. 2005 Crucial role of extracellular polysaccharides in desiccation and freezing tolerance in the terrestrial cyanobacterium Nostoc commune. Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 71, 7327-7333.
Strain(s): 2538 
PubMed: 16269775
DOI: 10.1128/AEM.71.11.7327-7333.2005

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