Strain number NIES-2411  
Phylum Dinophyta  
Class Dinophyceae  
Scientific name Karenia mikimotoi (Miyake & Kominami ex Oda) Hansen & Moestrup  
Synonym Gymnodinium mikimotoi Miyake & Kominami ex Oda; Gymnodinium nagasakiense Takayama & Adachi  
Former name  
Common name Dinoflagellate  
Locality (Date of collection) Katagami Bay Nagasaki Nagasaki Japan (2004-06-04)  
Latitude / Longitude  
Habitat (Isolation source) Marine  
History < Iwataki, Mitsunori  
Isolator (Date of isolation) Iwataki, Mitsunori (2004-06-04)  
Identified by Iwataki, Mitsunori  
State of strain Subculture; Unialgal; Non-axenic[2017 Mar]  
Culture condition
(Preculture condition)
Medium:  ESMMNK  
Temperature:  20 C
Light intensity:  31 µmol photons/m2/sec, L/D cycle:  10L:14D
Duration:  45 D  
Gene information  
Cell size (min - max)  
Organization Unicellular; Flagellate 
Characteristics  
Other strain no.  
Remarks Fragile species to transportation stresses; Read and agree "How to order 4.1" 
Movie https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HVVZJe_dBU0  
Reference
Kim, D., Li, W. C., Matsuyama, Y., Cho, K., Yamasaki, Y., Takeshita, S., Yamaguchi, K., Oda, T. 2019 Extremely high level of reactive oxygen species (ROS) production in a newly isolated strain of the dinoflagellate Karenia mikimotoi. Eur. J. Phycol., 54, 632-640.
Keywords: Algae; harmful dinoflagellate; hydrogen peroxide; Karenia mikimotoi; reactive oxygen species (ROS); rotifer toxicity
Strain(s): 2411 
DOI: 10.1080/09670262.2019.1632936

Kashiyama, Y. et al. 2019 Taming chlorophylls by early eukaryotes underpinned algal interactions and the diversification of the eukaryotes on the oxygenated Earth. ISME J., 13, 1899-1910.
Strain(s): 8254274286324331353381494623624997101210131015132013301333133413351372137713881390139613971408143814391441186819642008214221442149230023052325241124332498250225662584258625892590267728783374360437753876 
PubMed: 30809012
DOI: 10.1038/s41396-019-0377-0

Lim, A. S., Jeong, H. J., Ok, J. H., Kim, S. J. 2018 Feeding by the harmful phototrophic dinoflagellate Takayama tasmanica (Family Kareniaceae). Harmful Algae, 74, 19-29.
Keywords: Grazing; Growth; Harmful algal bloom; Ingestion; Mixotrophy; Red tide
Strain(s): 2411 
PubMed: 29724340
DOI: 10.1016/j.hal.2018.03.009

Kamikawa, R., Yazaki, E., Tahara, M., Sakura, T., Matsuo, E., Nagamune, K., Hashimoto, T., Inagaki, Y. 2018 Fates of evolutionarily distinct, plastid‐type glyceraldehyde 3‐phosphate dehydrogenase genes in kareniacean dinoflagellates. J. Eukaryot. Microbiol., 65, 669-678.
Keywords: endosymbiotic gene transfer; gapC1 gene
Strain(s): 2411 
PubMed: 29478272
DOI: 10.1111/jeu.12512

Fukuda, S., Iwamoto, K., Atsumi, M., Yokoyama, A., Nakayama, T., Ishida, K-I., Inouye, I., Shiraiwa, Y. 2014 Global searches for microalgae and aquatic plants that can eliminate radioactive cesium, iodine and strontium from the radio-polluted aquatic environment: a bioremediation strategy. J. Plant Res., 127, 79-89.
Keywords: Algal phytoremediation; Bioaccumulation; Radiopollution; Radionuclide elimination; Radioactive cesium; The Fukushima 1 Nuclear Power Plant accident
Strain(s): 243671155160203233246329333391405417440487503529531538548553587597678727805843859931995100310121015101710311044104512591326133113771382138814111435143914401441144214581728182618311833184018461862186519562131214421462147215021752176218522682325234123522377241124122437285428552856285828592860 
PubMed: 24346654
DOI: 10.1007/s10265-013-0596-9

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