Strain number NIES-2138  
Phylum Rhodophyta  
Class Porphyridiophyceae  
Scientific name Porphyridium purpureum (Bory) Drew & Ross  
Synonym Phytoconis purpurea Bory; Merrettia purpurea (Bory) Trevisan 1848  
Former name  
Common name Red alga  
Locality (Date of collection) Takesako Hot Spring Kagoshima, Kagoshima, Japan  
Latitude / Longitude  
Habitat (Isolation source) Hot spring  
History < IAM (2007) < Fujita, Yoshihiko; Nozawa, Koji  
Isolator (Date of isolation) Nozawa, Koji (1958-**-**)  
Identified by Nozawa, Koji  
State of strain Cryopreservation; Unialgal; Clonal; Non-axenic  
Culture condition
(Preculture condition)
Medium:  ESM  
Temperature:  20 C
Light intensity:  13-18 µmol photons/m2/sec, L/D cycle:  10L:14D
Duration:  3 M  
Gene information  
Cell size (min - max)  
Organization Unicellular 
Characteristics Color: reddish ; Floridean starch (Shimonaga et al. 2007)  
Other strain no. Other collection strain no. : IAM R-1
Remarks Cryopreserved 
Shimakawa, G., Murakami, A., Niwa, K., Matsuda, Y., Wada, A., Miyake, C. 2019 Comparative analysis of strategies to prepare electron sinks in aquatic photoautotrophs. Photosynth. Res., 139, 401–411.
Keywords: Reactive oxygen species; P700 oxidation; Photosystem I; Seaweeds
Strain(s): 7051959213821452147 
PubMed: 29845382
DOI: 10.1007/s11120-018-0522-z

Hamana, K., Kobayashi, M., Furuchi, T., Hayashi, H., Niitsu, M. 2018 Polyamine distribution profiles in unicellular and multicellular red algae (phylum Rhodophyta) —Detection of 1,6-diaminohexane, aminobutylcadaverine, canavalmine and aminopropylcanavalmine.— Microb. Resour. Syst., 34, 83-91.
Keywords: aminobutylcadaverine; aminopropylcanavalmine; canavalmine; diaminohexane; polyamine; red algae; Rhodophyta
Strain(s): 55110321572195721382140263626622742 

Takaichi, S., Yokoyama, A., Mochimaru, M., Uchida, H., Murakami, A. 2016 Carotenogenesis diversification in phylogenetic lineages of Rhodophyta. J. Phycol., 52, 329-338.
Keywords: alloxanthin; antheraxanthin; carotenogenesis; carotenoid; Cryptophyta; Glaucophyta; lutein; red algae; Rhodophyta; Zeaxanthin
Strain(s): 697700705133221372138 
PubMed: 27273528
DOI: 10.1111/jpy.12411

Yokono, M., Murakami, A., Akimoto, S. 2011 Excitation energy transfer between photosystem II and photosystem I in red algae: larger amounts of phycobilisome enhance spillover. Biochim. Biophys. Acta-Bioenerg., 1807, 847-853.
Keywords: spillover; red algae; delayed fluorescence; phycobilisome; red chlorophyll
Strain(s): 2138 
PubMed: 21496452
DOI: 10.1016/j.bbabio.2011.03.014

Shimonaga, T., Konishi, M., Oyama, Y., Fujiwara, S., Satoh, A., Fujita, N., Colleoni, C., Buléon, A., Putaux, J.-L., Ball, S. G., Yokoyma, A., Hara, Y., Nakamura, Y., Tsuzuki, M. 2008 Variation in Storage α-polyglucans of the Porphyridiales (Rhodophyta). Plant Cell Physiol., 49, 103-116.
Keywords: Amylose; Floridean starch; Glycogen; Porphyridiales; Rhodophyta; Semi-amylopection
Strain(s): 181442505305512138216022582280 
PubMed: 18079144
DOI: 10.1093/pcp/pcm172

Shimonaga, T., Fujiwara, S., Kaneko, M., Izumo, A., Nihei, S., Francisco, P. B., Satoh, A., Fujita, Naoko., Nakamura, Y., Tsuzuki, M. 2007 Variation in Storage α-polyglucans of red algae: amylose and semi-amylopectin types in Porphyridium and goycogen type in Cyanidium. Mar. Biotechnol., 9, 192-202.
Keywords: Amylose; glycogen; granule-bound starch synthase; red algae; semi-amylopection
Strain(s): 5512138 
PubMed: 17160635
DOI: 10.1007/s10126-006-6104-7

Lee, T.-Y., Gotoh, N., Niki, E., Yokoyama, K., Tsuzuki, M., Takeuchi, T., Karube, I. 1995 Chemilluminescence detection of red tide phytoplankton Chattonella marina. Anal. Chem., 67, 225-228.
Strain(s): 2138 

Kashino, Y., Enami, I., Satoh, K., Katoh, S. 1990 Immunological cross-reactivity among corresponding proteins of photosystems I and II from widely divergent photosynthetic organisms. Plant Cell Physiol., 31, 479-488.
Keywords: antiserum; cross-reactivity; immunoblotting; photosystem; protein
Strain(s): 209321382235 
DOI: 10.1093/oxfordjournals.pcp.a077935

Tsuzuki, M., Ohnuma, E., Sato, N., Takaku, T., Kawaguchi, A. 1990 Effects of CO2 concentration during growth on fatty acid composition in microalgae. Plant Physiol., 93, 851-856.
Strain(s): 482093213821602235 
PubMed: 1666759
DOI: 10.1104/pp.93.3.851

Shimogawara, K. & Muto, S. 1989 Heat shock induced change in protein ubiquitination in Chlamydomonas. Plant Cell Physiol., 30, 9-16.
Keywords: ATP-dependent proteolytic system; Chlamydomonas; heat shock response; protein degradation; ubiquitin
Strain(s): 2138 

Tsuzuki, M. & Miyachi, S. 1989 The function of carbonic anhydrase in aquatic photosynthesis. Aquatic Botany, 34, 85-104.
Strain(s): 20932138216021732235 
DOI: 10.1016/0304-3770(89)90051-X

Yagawa, Y., Muto, S., Miyachi, S. 1987 Carbonic anhydrase of a unicellular red alga Porphyridium cruentum R-1. I. Purification and properties of the enzyme. Plant Cell Physiol., 28, 1253-1262.
Keywords: carbonic anhydrase; chloride ion-activation; Porphyridium cruentum
Strain(s): 2138 
DOI: 10.1093/oxfordjournals.pcp.a077413

Yagawa, Y., Muto, S., Miyachi, S. 1987 Carbonic anhydrase of a unicellular red alga Porphyridium cruentum R-1. II. Distribution and role in photosynthesis. Plant Cell Physiol., 28, 1509-1516.
Keywords: anti-Porphyridium carbonic anhydrase antibody; carbonic anhydrase; immunogold electron microscopy; intracellular distribution; Porphyridium cruentum
Strain(s): 2138 
DOI: 10.1093/oxfordjournals.pcp.a077445

Aizawa, K., Nakamura, Y., Miyachi, S. 1985 Variation of phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase activity in Dunaliella associated with changes in atmospheric CO2 concentration. Plant Cell Physiol., 26, 1199-1203.
Keywords: carbonic anhydrase; Dunaliella; phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase; photosynthesis; Porphyridium
Strain(s): 2138 
DOI: 10.1093/oxfordjournals.pcp.a077016

Sakaguchi, T., Horikoshi, T., Nakajima, A. 1978 Uptake of uranium from seawater by microalgae. J. Ferm. Technol., 56, 561-565.
Strain(s): 21382139221222382279 

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