A big image opens when the thumbnail is clicked.(nies-1868.jpg)
Strain number NIES-1868  
Phylum Dinophyta  
Class Dinophyceae  
Scientific name Lepidodinium chlorophorum (Elbrachter & Schnepf) Hansen, Botes & de Salas  
Synonym Gymnodinium chlorophorum Elbrachter & Schnepf  
Former name  
Common name Dinoflagellate  
Locality (Date of collection) East China Sea (2004-07-28)  
Latitude / Longitude 31.7500 / 128.7500 
Habitat (Isolation source) Marine (Seawater)  
History < Kawachi, Masanobu  
Isolator (Date of isolation) Noël, Mary-Hélène (2004-08-**)  
Identified by Kawachi, Masanobu  
State of strain Subculture; Unialgal; Clonal; Non-axenic  
Culture condition
(Preculture condition)
Medium:  MNK  
Temperature:  20 C
Light intensity:  18-26 µmol photons/m2/sec, L/D cycle:  10L:14D
Duration:  20 D  
Gene information 16S rRNA ( AB686258 ) , 18S rRNA ( AB686254 ) , atpA ( AB561004 ) , psaB ( AB561036 ) , psbA ( AB561045 )  
Cell size (min - max) 30 - 70 μm  
Organization Unicellular; Flagellate 
Characteristics Green chloroplast  
Other strain no. Other strain no. : MH 210  
Remarks Fragile species to transportation stresses; Read and agree "How to order 4.1" 
Movie  
Reference
Sarai, C., Tanifuji, G., Nakayama, T., Kamikawa, R., Takahashi, K., Yazaki, E., Matsuo, E., Miyashita, H., Ishida, K-I., Iwataki, M., Inagaki, Y. 2020 Dinoflagellates with relic endosymbiont nuclei as models for elucidating organellogenesis. Proc. Nati. Acad. Sci. U. S. A., 117, 5364-5375.
Keywords: secondary endosymbiosis; nucleomorph; endosymbiotic gene transfer; plastid; Pedinophyceae
Strain(s): 1868 
PubMed: 32094181
DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1911884117

Kashiyama, Y. et al. 2019 Taming chlorophylls by early eukaryotes underpinned algal interactions and the diversification of the eukaryotes on the oxygenated Earth. ISME J., 13, 1899-1910.
Strain(s): 8254274286324331353381494623624997101210131015132013301333133413351372137713881390139613971408143814391441186819642008214221442149230023052325241124332498250225662584258625892590267728783374360437753876 
PubMed: 30809012
DOI: 10.1038/s41396-019-0377-0

Matsuo, E., Inagaki, Y. 2018 Patterns in evolutionary origins of heme, chlorophyll a and isopentenyl diphosphate biosynthetic pathways suggest non-photosynthetic periods prior to plastid replacements in dinoflagellates. PeerJ, 6, e5345 (article ID).
Strain(s): 1868 
PubMed: 30083465
DOI: 10.7717/peerj.5345

Kamikawa, R., Tanifuji, G., Kawachi, M., Miyashita, H., Hashimoto, T., Inagaki, Y. 2015 Plastid genome-based phylogeny pinpointed the origin of the green-colored plastid in the dinoflagellate Lepidodinium chlorophorum. Genome Biol. Evol, 7, 1133–1140.
Keywords: genome reduction; Lepidodinium; Pedinophyceae; secondary plastids; plastid replacement
Strain(s): 1868 
PubMed: 25840416
DOI: 10.1093/gbe/evv060

Matsumoto, T., Kawachi, M., Miyashita, H., Inagaki, Y. 2012 Prasinoxanthin is absent in the green-colored dinoflagellate Lepidodinium chlorophorum strain NIES-1868: pigment composition and 18S rRNA phylogeny. J. Plant Res., 125, 705-711.
Keywords: Plastid replacement; Tertiary endosymbiosis; Serial secondary endosymbiosis
Strain(s): 14111868 
PubMed: 22441568
DOI: 10.1007/s10265-012-0486-6

Matsumoto, T., Shinozaki, F., Chikuni, T., Yabuki, A., Takishita, K., Kawachi, M., Nakayama, T., Inouye, I., Hashimoto, T., Inagaki, Y. 2011 Green-colored plastids in the dinoflagellate genus Lepidodinium are of core Chlorophyte origin. Protist, 162, 268-276.
Strain(s): 626141918682432 
PubMed: 20829107
DOI: 10.1016/j.protis.2010.07.001

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