Strain number NIES-161  
Phylum Heterokontophyta  
Class Raphidophyceae  
Scientific name Chattonella marina (Subrahmanyan) Y.Hara & Chihara var. antiqua (Hada) Demura & Kawachi 2009  
Synonym Hemieutreptia antiqua Hada; Chattonella antiqua (Hada) Ono  
Former name Chattonella antiqua (Hada) Ono  
Common name  
Locality (Date of collection) Hiroshima Bay Hiroshima Japan  
Latitude / Longitude  
Habitat (Isolation source) Marine  
History < Takayama, Haruyoshi  
Isolator (Date of isolation)  
Identified by  
State of strain Subculture; Unialgal; Clonal; Non-axenic[2018 Feb]  
Culture condition
(Preculture condition)
Medium:  f/2  
Temperature:  20 C
Light intensity:  32-40 µmol photons/m2/sec, L/D cycle:  10L:14D
Duration:  1 M  
Gene information ITS1-5.8S-ITS2 ( AB334314 ) , CO1 ( AB334451 ) , rbcL ( AB334378 ) , CO1 ( AB445408 ) , 18S-ITS1-5.8S-ITS2-28S ( AB286914 ) , CO2, CO1 ( AB286882 )  
Cell size (min - max) 50 - 100 μm  
Organization Unicellular; Flagellate 
Characteristics Red tide  
Other strain no. Other strain no. : Hiroshima-70  
Remarks Fragile species to transportation stresses; Read and agree "How to order 4.1" 
Movie  
Reference
Demura, M., Nakayama, T., Kasai, F., Kawachi, M. 2014 Genetic structure of Japanese Chattonella marina (Raphidophyceae) populations revealed using microsatellite markers. Phycol. Res., 62, 102-108.
Keywords: Chattonella marina var. antiqua; Chattonella marina var. marina; genetic structure; isolation by distance; microsatellite marker; population genetics
Strain(s): 123148384858611311411511611812116155723832384238523862387238823892390239123922393239423952396239723982399240024012402240324042405240624072509251025112512251325142515251625172518 
DOI: 10.1111/pre.12047

Kamikawa, R., Masuda, I., Demura, M. et al. 2009 Mitochondrial group II introns in the Raphidophycean flagellate Chattonella spp. suggest a diatom-to-Chattonella lateral group II intron transfer. Protist, 160, 364-375.
Keywords: Chattonella; cytochrome c oxidase subunit 1 (cox1); diatoms; group II intron; lateral transfer; Raphidophyceae
Strain(s): 123148586115118121145161462557558603671716849130323912401240224032404 
PubMed: 19346162
DOI: 10.1016/j.protis.2009.02.003

Demura, M., Noël, M.-H., Kasai, F., Watanabe, M. M., Kawachi, M. 2009 Taxonomic revision of Chattonella antiqua, C. marina and C. ovata (Raphidophyceae) based on their morphological characteristics and genetic diversity. Phycologia, 48, 518-535.
Keywords: Chattonella antiqua; Chattonella marina; Chattonella ovata; COI; COX1; Genetic diversity; ITS; Microsatellite; Morphology; Phylogeny; Population; Raphidophyceae; rbcL; Speciation; Taxonomy
Strain(s): 1235691014838485113114116118145146161293557561603671716849238323842385238623872388238923912392239323942395239623972398239924002401240224032404240524062407 
DOI: 10.2216/08-98.1

Kamikawa, R., Masuda, I., Oyama, K., Yoshimatsu, S., Sako, Y. 2007 Genetic variation in mitochondrial genes and intergenic spacer region in harmful algae Chattonella species. Fish. Sci., 73, 871-880.
Keywords: Chattonella sp.; cytochrome c oxidase subunit 1 (cox1); cytochrome c oxidase subunit 2 (cox2); genetic diversity; harmful algae; mitochondria
Strain(s): 123148586115118121161557558603671849 
DOI: 10.1111/j.1444-2906.2007.01408.x

Hara, Y., Doi, K., Chihara, M. 1994 Four new species of Chattonella (Raphidophyceae, Chromophyta) from Japan. Jpn. J. Phycol. (Sôrui), 42, 407-420.
Keywords: Chattonella; C. globosa; C. minima; C. ovata; C. verruculosa; Raphidophyceae; red tide organisms; taxonomy
Strain(s): 118161603670849 

Kawai, H., Inouye, I. 1989 Flagellar autofluorescence in forty-four chloraphyll c-containig algae. Phycologia, 28, 222-227.
Strain(s): 515161 
DOI: 10.2216/i0031-8884-28-2-222.1

Hara, Y., Chihara, M. 1982 Ultrastructure and taxonomy of Chattonella (Class Raphidophyceae) in Japan. Jpn. J. Phycol., 30, 47-56 (in Japanese with English summary).
Keywords: Chattonella; Chattonella marina comb. nov.; Raphidophyceae; red tides; taxonomy; ultrastructure
Strain(s): 161 

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