Strain number NIES-250  
Phylum Rhodophyta  
Class Cyanidiophyceae  
Scientific name Galdieria sulphuraria (Galdieri) Merola  
Synonym Pleurococcus sulphurarius Galdieri; Cyanidium sulphurarium (Galdieri) F.D.Ott 1994  
Former name  
Common name Red alga  
Locality (Date of collection) Japan  
Latitude / Longitude  
Habitat (Isolation source) Hot spring  
History < IAM (1983);  
Isolator (Date of isolation)  
Identified by  
State of strain Subculture; Unialgal; Non-clonal; Axenic[2018 Feb]  
Culture condition
(Preculture condition)
Medium:  Allen  
Temperature:  37 C
Light intensity:  9-10 µmol photons/m2/sec, L/D cycle:  10L:14D
Duration:  6 M  
Gene information  
Cell size (min - max)  
Organization Unicellular 
Characteristics Acidophilic  
Other strain no. Other collection strain no. : IAM M-8
Other strain no. : Tsubo 53  
Remarks Axenic 
Movie  
Reference
Shimonaga, T., Konishi, M., Oyama, Y., Fujiwara, S., Satoh, A., Fujita, N., Colleoni, C., Buléon, A., Putaux, J.-L., Ball, S. G., Yokoyma, A., Hara, Y., Nakamura, Y., Tsuzuki, M. 2008 Variation in Storage α-polyglucans of the Porphyridiales (Rhodophyta). Plant Cell Physiol., 49, 103-116.
Keywords: Amylose; Floridean starch; Glycogen; Porphyridiales; Rhodophyta; Semi-amylopection
Strain(s): 181442505305512138216022582280 
PubMed: 18079144
DOI: 10.1093/pcp/pcm172

Ohta, N., Nagashima, H., Kawano, S., Kuroiwa, T. 1992 Isolation of the chloroplast DNA and the sequence of the trnK gene from Cyanidium caldarium strain RK-1. Plant Cell Physiol., 33, 657-661.
Keywords: chloroplast DNA; Cyanidium caldarium; transfer RNA-lysine
Strain(s): 2502137 
DOI: 10.1093/oxfordjournals.pcp.a078302

Hamana, K., Matsuzaki, S., Niitsu, M., Samejima, K., Nagashima, H. 1990 Polyamines of unicellular thermoacidophilic red alga Cyanidium caldarium. Phytochemistry, 29, 377-380.
Keywords: Cyanidium caldarium; Rhodophyta; red algae; polyamines; chemotaxonomy
Strain(s): 25021373891 
DOI: 10.1016/0031-9422(90)85082-Q

Nagashima, H., Fukuda, I. 1983 Floridosides in unicellular hot spring algae. Phytochemistry, 22, 1949-1951.
Keywords: Cyanidium caldarium; Chroococcidiopsis sp.; hot spring algae; chemotaxonomy; low MW carbohydrates; floridoside; iso-floridoside; autotroph; heterotroph
Strain(s): 25021373891 
DOI: 10.1016/0031-9422(83)80020-X

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