Strain number NIES-23  
Phylum Cyanophyta  
Class Cyanophyceae  
Scientific name Anabaena variabilis Kützing ex Bornet & Flahault  
Synonym  
Former name  
Common name Blue-green alga ; Cyanobacteria  
Locality (Date of collection)  
Latitude / Longitude  
Habitat (Isolation source)  
History < IAM (1983);  
Isolator (Date of isolation)  
Identified by  
State of strain Cryopreservation; Unialgal; Clonal; Axenic[2017 Dec]  
Culture condition
(Preculture condition)
Medium:  MDM (agar)  
Temperature:  20 (25) C
Light intensity:  6-8 (14-16) µmol photons/m2/sec, L/D cycle:  10L:14D
Duration:  4 M (14 D)  
Gene information Whole-genome ( AP018216 ) , 16S rRNA ( AF247593 ) , plasmid DNA ( AP018217 )  
Cell size (min - max) 4 - 8 μm  
Organization Filamentous 
Characteristics Genome decoded strain  
Other strain no. Other collection strain no. : IAM M-2
 
Remarks Cryopreserved; Axenic 
Movie  
Reference
Nowruzi, B., Hutarova, L., Vešelenyiova, D., Metcalf, J. S. 2024 Characterization of Neowestiellopsis persica A1387 (Hapalosiphonaceae) based on the cpcA, psbA, rpoC1, nifH and nifD gene sequences. BMC Ecol. Evol., 24, 57 (article ID).
Keywords: Cyanobacteria; Phylogenetic analysis; Neowestiellopsis persica, cpcA
Strain(s): 212223255073267592209821002107327537543756397440734074410141034106 
PubMed: 38711016
DOI: 10.1186/s12862-024-02244-z

Tamre, E. & Fournier, G. P. 2022 Inferred ancestry of scytonemin biosynthesis proteins in cyanobacteria indicates a response to Paleoproterozoic oxygenation. Geobiology, 20, 764–775.
Keywords: Bayesian phylogenetics; cyanobacteria; Paleoproterozoic; photoprotection; scytonemin; UVA radiation
Strain(s): 212325262672108211137564073407440754103 
PubMed: 35851984
DOI: 10.1111/gbi.12514

Tawfik, A., Niaz, H., Qadeer, K., Qyyum, M. A., Liu, J. J., Lee, M. 2022 Valorization of algal cells for biomass and bioenergy production from wastewater: Sustainable strategies, challenges, and techno-economic limitations. Renew. Sust. Energ. Rev., 157, 112024 (article ID).
Keywords: Xenobiotic compounds; Micro-pollutants; Enzyme activity; Biomass; Bioenergy; Algae-based wastewater treatment
Strain(s): 192344226422437216922203284 
DOI: 10.1016/j.rser.2021.112024

Yu, Z., Xu, Q., Xiao, C., Li, H., Wu, W., Du, W., Zhao, J., Liu, H., Wang, H., Liu, C. 2021 SYBR Green real-time qPCR method: Diagnose drowning more rapidly and accurately. Forensic Sci.Int., 321, 110720 (article ID).
Keywords: Drowning diagnosis; SYBR Green real-time qPCR; Diatom test; Plankton
Strain(s): 23 
PubMed: 33639416
DOI: 10.1016/j.forsciint.2021.110720

Hirose, Y., Ohtsubo, Y., Misawa, N., Yonekawa, C., Nagao, N., Shimura, Y., Fujisawa, T., Kanesaki, Y., Katoh, H., Katayama, M., Yamaguchi, H., Yoshikawa, H., Ikeuchi, M., Eki, T., Nakamura, Y., Kawachi, M. 2021 Genome sequencing of the NIES Cyanobacteria collection with a focus on the heterocyst-forming clade. DNA Res., 28, dsab024 (article ID).
Keywords: Cyanobacteria; genome; heterocyst; culture collection; taxonomy
Strain(s): 1921222325375073267806932209821002107210921112130213532753585375739744073407440754101410241034106 
PubMed: 34677568
DOI: 10.1093/dnares/dsab024

Jeong, S.-Y. & Son, H.-J. 2021 Effects of mycosubtilin homolog algicides from a marine bacterium, Bacillus sp. SY-1, against the harmful algal bloom species Cochlodinium polykrikoides. J. Microbiol., 59, 389-400.
Keywords: algicide; Bacillus sp. SY-1; Cochlodinium polykrikoides; harmful algal bloom; mycosubtilin
Strain(s): 23227238298316446682 
PubMed: 33779952
DOI: 10.1007/s12275-021-1086-8

Ko, S. R., Lee, Y. K., Srivastava, A., Park, S. H., Ahn, C. Y., Oh, H. M. 2019 The selective inhibitory activity of a fusaricidin derivative on a bloom-Forming cyanobacterium, Microcystis sp. J. Microbiol. Biotechnol., 29, 59-65.
Keywords: Bloom control; cyanobacteria; fusaricidin; Microcystis; Paenibacillus polymyxa
Strain(s): 2394 
PubMed: 30394041
DOI: 10.4014/jmb.1804.04031

González-Pleitera, M., Cirésa, S., Hurtado-Gallego, J., Leganés, F., Fernández-Piñas, F., Velázquez, D. 2019 Chapter 20 - Ecotoxicological assessment of antibiotics in freshwater using cyanobacteria. In Cyanobacteria: From Basic Science to Applications, Eds. by Mishra, A. K., Tiwari, D. N., Rai, A. N., Academic Press, pp. 339-417.
Keywords: Anabaena; Antibiotics; Biomarker; Bioreporter; Cyanobacteria; Ecotoxicology; Freshwater; Oxidative stress; Risk assessment
Strain(s): 192344107843 
DOI: 10.1016/B978-0-12-814667-5.00020-9

Lee, Y.-K., Ahn, C.-Y., Kim, H.-S., Oh, H.-M. 2010 Cyanobactericidal effect of Rhodococcus sp. isolated from eutrophic lake on Microcystis sp. Biotechnol. Lett., 32, 1673-1678.
Keywords: Algicide; Bloom; Cyanobacteria; Microcystis; Rhodococcus
Strain(s): 23843 
PubMed: 20640876
DOI: 10.1007/s10529-010-0350-5

Ando, T., Nagase, H., Eguchi, K., Hirooka, T., Nakamura, T., Miyamoto, K., Hirata, K. 2007 A novel method using cyanobacteria for ecotoxicity test of veterinary antimicrobial agents. Environ. Toxicol. Chem., 26, 601-606.
Keywords: Antimicrobial agent; Cyanobacterium; Ecotoxicity test; Algal toxicity
Strain(s): 1923441073277 
PubMed: 17447543
DOI: 10.1897/06-195R.1

Sakai, H., Oguma, K., Katayama, H., Ohgaki, S. 2007 Effects of low- or medium-pressure ultraviolet lamp irradiation on Microcystis aeruginosa and Anabaena variabilis. Water Res., 41, 11-18.
Keywords: Microcystis aeruginosa; Anabaena variabilis; Low-pressure ultraviolet lamp; Medium-pressure ultraviolet lamp; DNA damage; Photosynthetic activity
Strain(s): 2398 
PubMed: 17097715
DOI: 10.1016/j.watres.2006.09.025

Susilaningsih, D. 2007 Accelerating of pink pigment excretion from cyanobacterium Oscillatoria by Co-Cultivation with Anabaena. HHAYATI J. Biosci., 14, 18-22.
Keywords: Oscillatoria; Anabaena variabilis; biosurfactant; cyanobacterium; pink pigment
Strain(s): 192344422 

Hirooka, T., Nagase, H., Hirata, K., Miyamoto, K. 2006 Degradation of 2,4-dinitrophenol by a mixed culture of photoautotrophic microorganisms. Biochem. Eng. J., 29, 157-162.
Keywords: 2,4-Dinitrophenol; 2-Amino-4-nitrophenol; Anabaena variabilis; Anabaena cylindrica; Mixed culture
Strain(s): 19233284 
DOI: 10.1016/j.bej.2005.03.018

Sakai, H., Ogawa, K., Katayama, H., Ohgaki, S. 2005 Growth inhibition of Anabaena variabilis by low- or medium-pressure UV lamp irradiation. Environ. Eng. Res., 42, 495-501 (in Japanese with English summary).
Keywords: growth inhibition; Anabaena variabilis; UV irradiation; model calculation
Strain(s): 23 

Nagase, H., Inthorn, D., Oda, A., Nishimura, J., Kajiwara, Y., Park, M.-O., Hirata, K., Miyamoto, K. 2005 Improvement of selective removal of heavy metals in cyanobacteria by NaOH treatment. J. Biosci. Bioeng., 99, 372-377.
Keywords: cyanobacteria; cadmium; zinc; copper; lead; hard water
Strain(s): 2344 
PubMed: 16233804
DOI: 10.1263/jbb.99.372

Nagase, H., Hirooka, T., Ehara, Y., Yamashita, R, Tanimoto, S., Hirata, K., Miyamoto, K. 2005 NOx removal system for exhaust gas using freshwater microalgae. J. Environ. Biotechnol., 5, 37-41 (in Japanese with English summary).
Keywords: microalgae; nitrogen oxides; treatment of exhaust gas; NO sensor; reactor
Strain(s): 23 

Hirooka, T., Akiyama, Y., Tsuji, N., Nakamura, T., Nagase, H., Hirata, K., Miyamoto, K. 2003 Removal of hazardous phenols by microalgae under photoautotrophic conditions. J. Biosci. Bioeng., 95, 200-203.
Keywords: green algae; cyanobacteria; nitrophenol; chlorophenol; bisphenol A; photoautotrophic conditions
Strain(s): 192344422437 
PubMed: 16233393
DOI: 10.1016/S1389-1723(03)80130-5

Sakai, M., Hosoda, A., Kanazawa, S. 2003 Isolation and characterization of two cyanobacteria-lytic bacterial strains from the submerged paddy soil. J. soci. soil. microbiol., 57, 21-28 (in Japanese with English summary).
Keywords: Cyanobacteria; Lytic bacteria; Paddy field; Anabaena
Strain(s): 192337 
DOI: 10.18946/jssm.57.1_21

Mori, F., Erata, M., Watanabe, M. M. 2002 Cryopreservation of cyanobacteria and green algae in the NIES-Collection. Microbiol. Cult. Coll., 18, 45-55.
Keywords: cryopreservation; cyanobacteria; green algae; FDA staining method; NIES-Collection
Strain(s): 192122232425262728293031323334353637383940414445465051525354555658596061626364656667686970737475767778798081878990919293949596979899100101102103104105106107108109110111112119120122123125127128129130131132133134135137138139144147151152153154155156157158159160162163164165166167168170171172173174175176177178179180181182183185186187188189191192193194197198199200201202203204205206207208209210211212213214215216217224226227228229230231232241242243244245246248257259261262263266267268287288289290294295297298299300301302303305306308309310312313329334337338339340341342349351359360361362375378379380382384385390394396397398415416418419421422423424425426427428429430431432433434436437438439440446447448449450451452453454455456457458459460464468469474478479480481503504505506507509510512514515522523524527528529530531532536537538539540541542543544545546564565566567568569570571572573574575576577578579580581582583584585592593594595596597598604610628630631632633634635636637638639640641642643644645646647648649650651652653654655656657658659660661662663664665666667672685686687688689690691692693694717718719720721722723724725726727728729 

Kodani, S., Imoto, A., Mitsutani, A., Murakami, M. 2002 Isolation and identification of the antialgal compound, harmane (1-methyl-B-carboline), produced by the algicidal bacterium, Pseudomonas sp. K44-1. J. Appl. Phycol., 14, 109-114.
Keywords: Algicidal bacteria; Antialgal compound; Cyanobacteria; Harmane; Pseudomonas sp.; Water bloom
Strain(s): 1923102227299446506 
DOI: 10.1023/A:1019533414018

Dwi, S., Hirata, K., Asada, Y., Miyamoto, K. 2001 Utilization of cyanobacterial biomass from water bloom for bioproduction of lactic acid. World J. Microbiol. Biotech., 17, 259-264.
Keywords: cyanobacterium; CO2 supplementation; lactic acid; Lactobacillus agilis; L. amylovorus; L. ruminis; starch; water bloom
Strain(s): 2344 
DOI: 10.1023/A:1016638619

Beltran, E. C., Neilan, B. 2000 Geographical segregation of the neurotoxin-producing cyanobacterium Anabaena circinalis. Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 66, 4468-4474.
Strain(s): 192123404180 
PubMed: 11010900
DOI: 10.1128/AEM.66.10.4468-4474.2000

Nagase, H., Inthorn, D., Isaji, Y., Oda, A., Hirata, K., Miyamoto, K. 1997 Selective cadmium removal from hard water using NaOH-treated cells of the cyanobacterium Tolypothrix tenuis. J. Ferment. Bioeng., 84, 151-154.
Keywords: cyanobacteria; cadmium; calcium; magnecium; hard water; sodium hydroxide
Strain(s): 23 
DOI: 10.1016/S0922-338X(97)82545-7

Asada, Y. & Kawamura, S. 1986 Screening for cyanobacteria that evolve molecular hydrogen under dark and anaerobic conditions. J. Ferment. Technol., 64, 553-556.
Strain(s): 19212336394621193277 
DOI: 10.1016/0385-6380(86)90081-6

Ichimura, T. & Itoh, T. 1977 17. Preservation methods of microalgae (I) [17. Bisaisôrui no hozonhô (I)]. In Preservation methods of microorganisms [Biseibutsu Hozonhô], Ed. by Nei, T., University of Tokyo Press, Tokyo, pp. 355-373 (in Japanese).
Strain(s): 19212223242728303132333436373839404144454647484950122123127131144152173175179180181182183185198200203206217226227241266267268295309310334338379436448450455527 

Fujita, Y. 1976 The C550 photoresponse at room temperature observed in membrane fragments of the blue-green alga Anabaena variabilis. Plant Cell Physiol., 17, 187-191.
Strain(s): 23 
DOI: 10.1093/oxfordjournals.pcp.a075258

Fujita, Y. 1975 Further investigation of the light-induced cytochrome b-559 reaction in membrane fragments of the blue-green alga Anabaena variabilis. Plant Cell Physiol., 16, 1037-1048.
Strain(s): 23 
DOI: 10.1093/oxfordjournals.pcp.a075223

Fujita, Y. 1974 The light-induced oxidation-reduction reaction of cytochrome b-559 in membrane fragments of the blue-green alga Anabaena variabilis. Plant Cell Physiol., 15, 861-874.
Strain(s): 23 
DOI: 10.1093/oxfordjournals.pcp.a075075

Fujita, Y. & Suzuki, R. 1973 Studies on the Hill reaction of membrane fragments of blue-green algae IV. Carotenoid photobleaching induced by photosystem II action. Plant Cell Physiol., 14, 261-273.
Strain(s): 1923 

Fujita, Y. & Suzuki, R. 1973 Studies on the Hill reaction of membrane fragments of blue-green algae III. Fluorescence characteristics of membrane fragments of Anabaena variabilis and Anabaena cylindrica. Plant Cell Physiol., 14, 249-260.
Strain(s): 1923 

Suzuki, R. & Fujita, Y. 1972 Studies on the Hill reaction of membrane fragments of blue-green algae II. The reaction steps inactivated at high water concentration. Plant Cell Physiol., 13, 427-436.
Strain(s): 1923 

Tsuji, T. & Fujita, Y. 1972 Electron donor-specificity observed in photosystem I reactions of membrane fragments of the blue-green alga Anabaena variabilis and the higher plant Spinacea oleracea. Plant Cell Physiol., 13, 93-99.
Strain(s): 23 

Fujita, Y. & Suzuki, R. 1971 Studies on the Hill reaction of membrane fragments of blue-green algae I. Stabilizing effect of various media on the 2,6-dichlorophenol indophenol-Hill activity of membrane fragments obtained from Anabaena cylindrica and Anabaena variabilis. Plant Cell Physiol., 12, 641-651.
Strain(s): 1923 

Watanabe, A. 1960 List of algal strains in collection at the Institute of Applied Microbiology, University of Tokyo. J. Gen. Appl. Microbiol., 6, 283-292.
Strain(s): 192122232425262829374749226227 

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