Strain number NIES-3713  
Phylum Heterokontophyta  
Class Bacillariophyceae  
Scientific name Chaetoceros socialis H.S.Lauder f. radians (F.Schütt) A.I.Proshkina-Lavrenko  
Former name  
Common name Centric diatom  
Locality (Date of collection) Itsukaichi Fishing Port, Hiroshima Bay, Hiroshima, Japan (2005-04-27)  
Latitude / Longitude 34.35666666 / 132.3644 
Habitat (Isolation source) Marine (Seawater)  
History < Kimura, Kei < Tomaru, Yuji  
Isolator (Date of isolation) Tomaru, Yuji (2005-04-27)  
Identified by Suzuki, Hidekazu; Nagumo, Tamotsu  
State of strain Subculture; Unialgal; Clona; Axenic[2023 Aug]  
Culture condition
(Preculture condition)
Medium:  mSWM-3  
Temperature:  15 C
Light intensity:  9-11 µmol photons/m2/sec, L/D cycle:  10L:14D
Duration:  21 D  
Gene information  
Cell size (min - max)  
Organization Unicellular 
Characteristics Red tide ; The virus which infects with this diatom strain has been reported (Tomaru et al. 2009).  
Other strain no. Other strain no. : L-4  
Remarks Axenic 
Wang, H., Munke, A., Li, S., Tomaru, Y., Okamoto, K. 2022 Structural insights into common and host-specific receptor-binding mechanisms in algal picorna-like viruses. Viruses-Basel, 14, 2369 (article ID).
Keywords: Marnaviridae; algal bloom; algal viruses; icosahedral viruses; ssRNA viruses
Strain(s): 3713 
PubMed: 36366467
DOI: 10.3390/v14112369

Tomaru, Y., Toyoda, K., Suzuki, H., Nagumo, T., Kimura, K., Takao, Y. 2013 New single-stranded DNA virus with a unique genomic structure that infects marine diatom Chaetoceros setoensis. Sci Rep, 3, 3337 (article ID).
Strain(s): 3710371137123713 
PubMed: 24275766
DOI: 10.1038/srep03337

Tomaru, Y., Takao, Y., Suzuki, H., Nagumo, T., Nagasaki, K. 2009 Isolation and characterization of a single-stranded RNA virus infecting the bloom-forming diatom Chaetoceros socialis. Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 75, 2375-2391.
Strain(s): 3713 
PubMed: 19233955
DOI: 10.1128/AEM.02580-08

Tomaru, Y., Shirai, Y., Suzuki, H., Nagumo, T., Nagasaki, K. 2008 Isolation and characterization of a new single-stranded DNA virus infecting the cosmopolitan marine diatom Chaetoceros debilis. Aquat. Microb. Ecol., 50, 103-112.
Keywords: Diatom; Virus; Chaetoceros; DNA; Viral ecology
Strain(s): 37103713 
DOI: 10.3354/ame01170

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