Search Reference

Kabata, K., Sadakane, H., Kurose, M., Kobayakawa, A., Watanabe, T., Hatano, S. 1980 Changes in fatty acid composition of membrane fractions during hardening of Chlorella ellipsoidea. J. Fac. Agr., Kyushu Univ., 25, 91-97.
Strain(s): 2170 
Kabata, K., Sadakane, H., Miyachi, S., Nagata, K., Hatano, S., Watanabe, T. 1979 Studies on lipid changes during the development of frost hardiness in Chlorella ellipsoidea. J. Fac. Agr., Kyushu Univ., 23, 155-161.
Strain(s): 2170 
Kaeriyama, H., Katsuki, E., Otsubo, M., Yamada, K., Ichimi, K., Tada, K., Harrison, P. J. 2011 Effects of temperature and irradiance on growth of strains belonging to seven Skeletonema species isolated from Dokai Bay, southern Japan. Eur. J. Phycol., 46, 113-124.
Keywords: Dokai Bay; irradiance; physiology; Skeletonema species; specific growth rate; temperature
Strain(s): 2837283828392841284228432844 
DOI: 10.1080/09670262.2011.565128
Kaewpintong, K., Shotipruk, A., Powtongsook, S., Pavasant, P. 2007 Photoautotrophic high-density cultivation of vegetative cells of Haematococcus pluvialis in airlift bioreactor. Bioresour. Technol., 98, 288-295.
Keywords: Airlift bioreactors; Astaxanthin; Autotrophic; Bioprocess design; Bubble columns; Microalgae
Strain(s): 144 
DOI: 10.1016/j.biortech.2006.01.011
Kai, A., Yoshii, Y., Nakayama, T., Inouye, I. 2008 Aurearenophyceae classis nova, a new class of Heterokontophyta based on a new marine unicellular alga Aurearena cruciata gen. et sp. nov. inhabiting sandy beaches. Protist, 159, 435-457.
Keywords: flagellar apparatus; Phaeophyceae; Phaeothamniophyceae; pigment composition; Xanthophyceae; phylogeny
Strain(s): 1862186318641865 
PubMed: 18358776
DOI: 10.1016/j.protis.2007.12.003
Kajikawa, M., Yamato, K. T., Kohzu, Y., Shoji, S., Sakai, Y., Fukuzawa, H. 2006 A front-end desaturase from the green alga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii produces pinolenic and coniferonic acids by ω13 desaturation in methylotrophic yeast and tobacco. Plant Cell Physiol., 47, 64-73.
Keywords: Chlamydomonas reinhardtii; Δ5-unsaturated bis-methylene-interrupted fatty acids; fatty acid desaturase; Pichia pastoris; tobacco plant
Strain(s): 2235 
PubMed: 16267098
DOI: 10.1093/pcp/pci224
Kajiwara, S., Kakizono, T., Saito, T., Kondo, K., Ohtani, T., Nishio, N., Nagai, S., Misawa, N. 1995 Isolation and functional identification of a novel cDNA for astaxanthin biosynthesis from Haematococcus pluvialis, and astaxanthin synthesis in Escherichia coli. Plant Mol. Biol., 29, 343-352.
Keywords: astaxanthin; canthaxanthin; carotenoid; xanthophyll; Haematococcus pluvialis; green alga
Strain(s): 144 
PubMed: 7579184
DOI: 10.1007/BF00043657
Kakimoto, M., Ishikawa, T., Miyagi, A., Saito, K., Miyazaki, M., Asaeda, T., Yamaguchi, M., Uchiyama, H., Kawai-Yamada, M. 2014 Culture temperature affects gene expression and metabolic pathways in the 2-methylisoborneol-producing cyanobacterium Pseudanabaena galeata. J. Plant Res., 171, 292-300.
Keywords: 2-MIB; Cyanobacteria; Gene expression; Metabolomics; Temperature-induction
Strain(s): 512 
PubMed: 24140001
DOI: 10.1016/j.jplph.2013.09.005
Kakizono, T., Kobayashi, M., Nagai, S. 1992 Effect of carbon/nitrogen ratio on encystment accompanied with astaxanthin formation in a green alga, Haematococcus pluvialis. J. Ferment. Bioeng., 74, 403-405.
Strain(s): 144 
DOI: 10.1016/0922-338X(92)90041-R
Kakuta, S., Suzaki, T. 2007 Ca2+- and glycoconjugates-dependent prey capture in the heliozoan Actinophrys sol. Eur. J. Protistol., 44, 163-167.
Keywords: calium ion influx; Con A; exocytosis; extrusome; glycoprotein; secretory granule
Strain(s): 2497 
PubMed: 18178392
DOI: 10.1016/j.ejop.2007.11.001
Kamata, K., Piao, Z., Suzuki, S., Fujimori, T., Tajiri, W., Nagai, K., Iyoda, T., Yamada, A., Hayakawa, T., Ishiwara, M., Horaguchi, S., Belay, A., Tanaka, T., Takano, K., Hangyo M. 2014 Spirulina-templated metal microcoils with controlled helical structures for THz electromagnetic responses. Sci Rep, 4, 4919 (article ID).
Strain(s): 3946 
PubMed: 24815190
DOI: 10.1038/srep04919
Kamaya,Y., Tsuboi, S., Takada, T., Suzuki, K. 2006 Growth stimulation and inhibition effects of 4-hydroxybenzoic acid and some related compounds on the freshwater green alga Pseudokirchneriella subcapitata. Arch. Environ. Contam. Toxicol., 51, 537-541.
Strain(s): 35 
DOI: 10.1007/s00244-005-0320-4
Kamei-Ishikawa, N., Maeda, T., Soma, M., Yoshida, N., Sameshima, Y., Sasamoto, M., Higashiyama, Y., Touno, E., Ito, A. 2020 Tylosin degradation during manure composting and the effect of the degradation byproducts on the growth of green algae. Sci. Total Environ., 718, 137295 (article ID).
Keywords: Sheep feces; Half-life; Thermal degradation; Elution from artificial rainwater; Acute toxicity test; Raphidocelis subcapitata
Strain(s): 35 
DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.137295
Kamikawa, R., Asai, J., Miyahara, T., Murata, K., Oyama, K., Yoshimatsu, S., Yoshida, T., Sako, Y. 2006 Application of a real-time PCR assay to a comprehensive method of monitoring harmful algae. Mircobes Environ., 21, 163-173.
Keywords: harmful algal bloom (HAB); molecular monitoring; real-time PCR; red tide
Strain(s): 7121603 
DOI: 10.1264/jsme2.21.163
Kamikawa, R., Azuma, T., Ishii, K-I., Matsuno, Y., Miyashita, H. 2018 Diversity of organellar genomes in non-photosynthetic diatoms. Protist, 169, 351-361.
Keywords: ATP synthase complex; mitochondria; Nitzschia; plastids; vitamin B1
Strain(s): 272935763581 
PubMed: 29803116
DOI: 10.1016/j.protis.2018.04.009
Kamikawa, R., Brown, M. W., Nishimura, Y., Sako, Y., Heiss, A. A., Yubuki, N., Gawryluk, R., Simpson, A. G. B., Roger, A. J., Hashimoto, T., Inagaki, Y. 2013 Parallel re-modeling of EF-1α function: divergent EF-1α genes co-occur with EFL genes in diverse distantly related eukaryotes. BMC Evol. Biol., 13, 131 (article ID).
Keywords: Diatoms; Differential Gene Loss; EF-1α; EFL; Functional Remodeling; Goniomonas; Pythium; Spizellomyces; Thecamonas
Strain(s): 4175341349137113731374 
PubMed: 23800323
DOI: 10.1186/1471-2148-13-131
Kamikawa, R., Masuda, I., Demura, M., Oyama, K., Yoshimatsu, S., Kawachi, M., Sako, Y. 2009 Mitochondrial group II introns in the Raphidophycean flagellate Chattonella spp. suggest a diatom-to-Chattonella lateral group II intron transfer. Protist, 160, 364-375.
Keywords: Chattonella; cytochrome c oxidase subunit 1 (cox1); diatoms; group II intron; lateral transfer; Raphidophyceae
Strain(s): 1231485861151181211614625575586036717168491303197519762391240124022403240434223429 
PubMed: 19346162
DOI: 10.1016/j.protis.2009.02.003
Kamikawa, R., Masuda, I., Oyama, K., Yoshimatsu, S., Sako, Y. 2007 Genetic variation in mitochondrial genes and intergenic spacer region in harmful algae Chattonella species. Fish. Sci., 73, 871-880.
Keywords: Chattonella sp.; cytochrome c oxidase subunit 1 (cox1); cytochrome c oxidase subunit 2 (cox2); genetic diversity; harmful algae; mitochondria
Strain(s): 123148586115118121161557558603671849342234283429 
DOI: 10.1111/j.1444-2906.2007.01408.x
Kamikawa, R., Sanchez-Perez, G. F., Sako, Y., Roger, A. J., Inagaki, Y. 2009 Expanded phylogenies of canonical and non-canonical types of methionine adenosyltransferase reveal a complex history of these gene families in eukaryotes. Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 53, 565-570.
Keywords: Methionine adenosyltransferase; Lateral gene transfer; Diaoms; Aureococcus; Haptophytes; Cryptomonads
Strain(s): 1735041753458610451349 
PubMed: 19577655
DOI: 10.1016/j.ympev.2009.06.016
Kamikawa, R., Shiratori, T., Ishida, K-I., Miyashita, H., Roger, A. J. 2016 Group II intron-mediated trans-splicing in the green-rich mitochondrial genome of an enigmatic eukaryote, Diphylleia rotans. Genome Biol. Evol., 8, 458-466.
Keywords: Diphyllatia; introns; mitochondria; inverted repeats; trans-splicing
Strain(s): 3764 
PubMed: 26833505
DOI: 10.1093/gbe/evw011
Kamikawa, R., Tanifuji, G., Kawachi, M., Miyashita, H., Hashimoto, T., Inagaki, Y. 2015 Plastid genome-based phylogeny pinpointed the origin of the green-colored plastid in the dinoflagellate Lepidodinium chlorophorum. Genome Biol. Evol, 7, 1133–1140.
Keywords: genome reduction; Lepidodinium; Pedinophyceae; secondary plastids; plastid replacement
Strain(s): 1868 
PubMed: 25840416
DOI: 10.1093/gbe/evv060
Kamikawa, R., Tanifuji, Ishikawa, G. S., Ishii, K., Matsuno, Y., Onodera, N. T., Ishida, K-I., Hashimoto, T., Miyashita, H., Mayama, S., Inagaki, Y. 2015 Proposal of a Twin-arginine translocator system-mediated constraint against loss of ATP synthase genes from nonphotosynthetic plastid genomes. Mol. Biol. Evol., 32, 2598-2604.
Keywords: apochlorotic diatoms; nonphotosynthetic plastid genome; genome reduction; ATP synthase complex; Twin-arginine translocator
Strain(s): 3581 
PubMed: 26048548
DOI: 10.1093/molbev/msv134
Kamikawa, R., Yabuki, A., Nakayama, T., Ishida, K-I., Hashimoto, T., Inagaki, Y. 2011 Cercozoa comprises both EF-1α-containing and EFL-containing members. Eur. J. Protistol., 47, 24-28.
Keywords: Cercozoa; Elongation factor 1α; Elongation factor-like protein
Strain(s): 2378 
PubMed: 21071191
DOI: 10.1016/j.ejop.2010.08.002
Kamikawa, R., Yazaki, E., Tahara, M., Sakura, T., Matsuo, E., Nagamune, K., Hashimoto, T., Inagaki, Y. 2018 Fates of evolutionarily distinct, plastid‐type glyceraldehyde 3‐phosphate dehydrogenase genes in kareniacean dinoflagellates. J. Eukaryot. Microbiol., 65, 669-678.
Keywords: endosymbiotic gene transfer; gapC1 gene
Strain(s): 2411 
PubMed: 29478272
DOI: 10.1111/jeu.12512
Kamikawa, R., Yubuki, N., Yoshida, M., Taira, M., Nakamura, N., Ishida, K-I., Leander, B. S., Miyashita, H., Hashimoto, T., Mayama, S., Inagaki, Y. 2015 Multiple losses of photosynthesis in Nitzschia (Bacillariophyceae). Phycol. Res., 63, 19-28.
Keywords: apochlorotic diatoms; genetic diversity; large subunit rRNA; molecular phylogenetic analysis; nonphotosynthetic plastids; plastid 16S rRNA
Strain(s): 357635773578357935803581 
DOI: 10.1111/pre.12072
Kamiya, A. 1988 Blue light-induced in vivo absorbance changes and in vitro activation of nitrate reductase in a nitrate-starved Chlorella mutant. Plant Cell Physiol., 29, 489-496.
Keywords: blue light effect; Chlorella; light-induced absorbancechange; NADH-nitrate reductase
Strain(s): 2162 
DOI: 10.1093/oxfordjournals.pcp.a077519
Kamiya, A. 1989 Effects of blue light and ammonia on nitrogen metabolism in a colorless mutant of Chlorella. Plant Cell Physiol., 30, 513-521.
Keywords: ammonia effect; blue light effect; Chlorella; glutamine synthetase; nitrate uptake; nitrogen metabolism
Strain(s): 2162 
DOI: 10.1093/oxfordjournals.pcp.a077770
Kamiya, A., Miyachi, S. 1974 Effects of blue light on respiration and carbon dioxyde fixation in colorless Chlorella mutant cells. Plant Cell Physiol., 15, 927-937.
Strain(s): 2162 
DOI: 10.1093/oxfordjournals.pcp.a075082
Kamiya, A., Miyachi, S. 1975 Blue light-induced formation of photphoenolpyruvate carboxylase in colorless Chlorella mutant cells. Plant Cell Physiol., 16, 729-736.
Strain(s): 2162 
Kamo, T., Shimogawara, K., Fukuzawa, H., Muto, S., Miyachi, S. 1990 Subunit constitution of carbonic anhydrase from Chlamydomonas reinhardtii. Eur. J. Biochem., 192, 557-562.
Strain(s): 2235 
PubMed: 2120056
DOI: 10.1111/j.1432-1033.1990.tb19261.x
Kanai, R., Aoki, S., Miyachi, S. 1965 Quantitative separation of inorganic polyphosphates in Chlorella cells. Plant Cell Physiol., 6, 467-473.
Strain(s): 2170 
Kanai, R., Miyachi, S., Miyachi, S. 1963 Light-induced formation and mobilization of polyphosphate "C" in Chlorella cells. Plant Cell Physiol., Spec. Iss. (Studies on Microalgae and Photosynthetic Bacteria), 613-618.
Strain(s): 2170 
Kanazawa, T. 1958 Synchronous culture of Chlorella with special reference of the processes of assimilation of potassium magnesium and iron. J. Gen. Appl. Microbiol., 4, 102-107.
Strain(s): 2170 
DOI: 10.2323/jgam.4.102
Kanazawa, T., Fujita, C., Yuhara, T., Sasa, T. 1958 Mass culture of unicellular algae using "open circulation method". J. Gen. Appl. Microbiol., 4, 135-152.
Strain(s): 2170 
DOI: 10.2323/jgam.4.135
Kanazawa, T., Yanagisawa, T., Tamiya, H. 1966 Aliphatic amines occurring in Chlorella cells and changs of their contents during the life cycle of the alga. Z. Botanik, Festschr. f. E. Bünning, 54, 57-62.
Strain(s): 2170 
Kanda, H., Li, P., Ikehara, T., Yasumoto-Hirose, M. 2012 Lipids extracted from several species of natural blue–green microalgae by dimethyl ether: Extraction yield and properties. Fuel, 95, 88-92.
Keywords: Lipids; Microalgae; Extraction; Dimethyl ether
Strain(s): 5951263 
DOI: 10.1016/j.fuel.2011.11.064
Kanda, N., Ichikawa, M., Ono, A., Toyoda, A., Fujiyama, A., Abe, J., Tsuchikane, Y., Nishiyama, T., Sekimoto, H. 2017 CRISPR/Cas9-based knockouts reveal that CpRLP1 is a negative regulator of the sex pheromone PR-IP in the Closterium peracerosum-strigosum-littorale complex. Sci Rep, 7, 17873 (article ID).
Strain(s): 6768 
PubMed: 29259295
DOI: 10.1038/s41598-017-18251-8
Kaneko, H., Shimada, A. Hirayama, K. 2004 Short-term algal toxicity test based on phosphate uptake. Water Res., 38, 2173-2177.
Keywords: Selenastrum capricornutum; Phosphate uptake; Short-term toxicity test
Strain(s): 35 
PubMed: 15087199
DOI: 10.1016/j.watres.2004.02.006
Kaneko, H., Yamaguchi, M. 1995 Toxicity evaluation of municipal solid waste incinerator fly ash by algal assay. Reports Facul. Eng. Yamanashi Univ., 46, 84-89 (in Japanese with English summary).
Strain(s): 35 
Kaneko, H., Yamaguchi, M., Ikeda, F. 1996 Toxicity of municipal solid waste incinerator fly ash and the contribution of Cadmium. J. Jpn. Soc. Wat. Environ. [Mizukankyô Gakkai Shi], 19, 563-568 (in Japanese with English summary).
Keywords: MWI fly ash; leachate; algal assay; Daphnia test; hazardous waste
Strain(s): 35 
Kaneko, T., Nakajima, N., Okamoto, S., Suzuki, I., Tanabe, Y., Tamaoki, M., Nakamura, Y., Kasai, F., Watanabe, A., Kawashima, K., Kishida, Y., Ono, A., Shimizu, Y., Takahashi, C., Minami, C., Fujishiro, T., Kohara, M., Katoh, M., Nakazaki, N., Nakayama, S., Yamada, M., Tabata, S., Watanabe, M. M. 2007 Complete genomic structure of the bloom-forming toxic cyanobacterium Microcystis aeruginosa NIES-843. DNA Res., 14, 247-256.
Strain(s): 843 
PubMed: 18192279
DOI: 10.1093/dnares/dsm026
Kanesaki, Y., Imamura, S., Minoda, A., Tanaka, K. 2012 External light conditions and internal cell cycle phases coordinate accumulation of chloroplast and mitochondrial transcripts in the red alga Cyanidioschyzon merolae. DNA Res., 19, 289-303.
Keywords: cell cycle; clustering analysis; Cyanidioschyzon; organelle; transcriptome
Strain(s): 3377 
PubMed: 22518007
DOI: 10.1093/dnares/dss013
Kang, B.-H., Tan, S., Ho, K.-K. 1988 Isolation of water-soluble cytochromes from cyanobacteria by adsorption chromatography. Archi. Biochem. Biophys., 263, 387-393.
Strain(s): 44 
PubMed: 3132107
DOI: 10.1016/0003-9861(88)90650-9
Kang, C. B. H., Ho. K.-K. 1991 Characteri-zation of a soluble inorganic pyrophosphatase from Microcystis aeruginosa. Archi. Biochem. Biophys., 289, 281-288.
Strain(s): 44 
PubMed: 1654852
DOI: 10.1016/0003-9861(91)90473-V
Kang, C. D., Lee, J. S., Park, T. H., Sim, S. J. 2005 Comparison of heterotrophic and photoautotrophic induction on astaxanthin production by Haematococcus pluvialis. Appl. Microbiol. Biotechnol., 68, 237-241.
Strain(s): 144 
PubMed: 15711942
DOI: 10.1007/s00253-005-1889-2
Kang, C.-D., Sim, S.-J. 2008 Direct extraction of astaxanthin from Haematococcus culture using vegetable oils. Biotechnol. Lett., 30, 441–444.
Keywords: Astaxanthin; Direct extraction; Green process; Haematococcus pluvialis; Vegetable oil
Strain(s): 144 
PubMed: 17972016
DOI: 10.1007/s10529-007-9578-0
Kang, Y.-H., Park, C.-S., Han, M.-S. 2012 Pseudomonas aeruginosa UCBPP-PA14 a useful bacterium capable of lysing Microcystis aeruginosa cells and degrading microcystins. J. Appl. Phycol., 24, 1517-1525.
Keywords: Microcystis aeruginosa; Microcystins; Algicidal bacteria; Pseudomonas aeruginosa
Strain(s): 4494298 
DOI: 10.1007/s10811-012-9812-6
Kang, Y-H., Kang, S-K., Park, C-S., Joo, J-H., Lee, J-W., Han, M-S. 2016 Use of lactic acid bacteria as a biological agent against the cyanobacterium Anabaena flos-aquae. J. Appl. Phycol., 28, 1747-1757.
Keywords: Lactic acidbacteria; Cyanobacteriacidalbacteria; Anabaena flos-aquae; Biological control
Strain(s): 7594298 
DOI: 10.1007/s10811-015-0701-7
Kania, K., Zienkiewicz, M., Drożak, A. 2020 Stable transformation of unicellular green alga Coccomyxa subellipsoidea C-169 via electroporation. Protoplasma, 257, 607–611.
Keywords: Coccomyxa subellipsoidea C-169; Hygromycin B resistance; Electrotransformation; Electroporation; Stable genome transformation
Strain(s): 2166 
PubMed: 31741062
DOI: 10.1007/s00709-019-01447-2
Karan, T., Erenler, R., Altuner, Z. 2017 Isolation and molecular identification of some blue-green algae (cyanobacteria) from freshwater sites in Tokat province of Turkey. Turkish JAF Sci.Tech., 5
Keywords: Algae; 16S rRNA; Cyanobacteria; Molecular identification; Phycocyanine
Strain(s): 816 
DOI: 10.24925/turjaf.v5i11.1371-1378.1470
Karlsson, K. 2005 Liquid chromatotraphy - mass spectrometry in distribution and bioaccumulation studies of toxic cyanopeptides. PhD thesis, Åbo Akademi University, Turku, Finland, 62 pp.
Strain(s): 107 
Karpf, S., Riche, C. T., Di Carlo, D., Goel, A., Zeiger, W. A., Suresh, A., Portera-Cailliau, C., Jalali, B. 2020 Spectro-temporal encoded multiphoton microscopy and fluorescence lifetime imaging at kilohertz frame-rates. Nat. Commun., 11, 2062 (article ID).
Strain(s): 48 
PubMed: 32346060
DOI: 10.1038/s41467-020-15618-w
Kasai, F., Arts, M. T. 1998 The interactive effects of UV-B radiation and a herbicide on uptake and allocation of carbon in two strains of the green alga Scenedesmus. Aquat. Ecol., 31, 261-272.
Keywords: herbicide tolerance; photosynthesis; phytoplankton; simetryn; triazine herbicides; ultraviolet radiation
Strain(s): 802 
DOI: 10.1007/BF02493513
Kasai, F., Hanazato, T. 1995 Genetic changes in phytoplankton communities exposed to the herbicide simetryn in outdoor experimental ponds. Arch. Environ. Contam. Toxicol., 28, 154-160.
Strain(s): 797798799800801802 
DOI: 10.1007/BF00217610
Kasai, F., Hatakeyama, S. 1993 Herbicide susceptibility in two green algae, Chlorella vulgaris and Selenastrum capricornutum. Chemosphere, 27, 899-904.
Strain(s): 35227 
DOI: 10.1016/0045-6535(93)90019-2
Kasai, F., Hatakeyama, S. 1996 Changes in herbicide susceptibility of algae in a river running through an agricultural region. Ecol. Chem. (St.Petersburg), 5, 292-296.
Keywords: algal community; herbicide; simetryn; pretilachlor; pollution; effects
Strain(s): 803804805 
Kasai, F., Ichimura, T. 1986 Morphological variabilities of three closely related mating groups of Closterium ehrenbergii Meneghini (Chlorophyta). J. Phycol., 22, 158-168.
Keywords: cell shape and size; clonal culture; Closterium ehrenbergii; mating group; morphological variability; statistical analysis
Strain(s): 171228229 
DOI: 10.1111/j.1529-8817.1986.tb04159.x
Kasai, F., Ichimura, T. 1990 Temperature optima of three closely related mating groups of the Closterium ehrenbergii (Chlorophyta) species complex. Phycologia, 29, 396-402.
Strain(s): 228229 
DOI: 10.2216/i0031-8884-29-4-396.1
Kasai, F., Takamura, N., Hatakeyama, S. 1993 Effects of simetryne on growth of various freshwater algal taxa. Environ. Pollut., 79, 77-83.
Strain(s): 35447377102137151230231255275280298 
DOI: 10.1016/0269-7491(93)90180-V
Kashem, MA., Kimoto, K., Iribe, Y., Suzuki, M. 2019 Development of microalgae biosensor chip by incorporating microarray oxygen sensor for pesticides sensing. Biosensors, 9, 133 (article ID).
Keywords: biosensor chip; fluorescence oxygen sensor; microalgae; pesticides
Strain(s): 35 
PubMed: 31726653
DOI: 10.3390/bios9040133
Kashino, Y., Enami, I., Satoh, K., Katoh, S. 1990 Immunological cross-reactivity among corresponding proteins of photosystems I and II from widely divergent photosynthetic organisms. Plant Cell Physiol., 31, 479-488.
Keywords: antiserum; cross-reactivity; immunoblotting; photosystem; protein
Strain(s): 209321382235 
DOI: 10.1093/oxfordjournals.pcp.a077935
Kashiyama Y., Yokoyama A., Kinoshita Y., Shoji S., Miyashiya H., Shiratori T., Suga H., Ishikawa K., Ishikawa A., Inouye I., Ishida K., Fujinuma D., Aoki K., Kobayashi M., Nomoto S., Mizoguchi T., Tamiaki H. 2012 Ubiquity and quantitative significance of detoxification catabolism of chlorophyll associated with protistan herbivory. Proc. Nati. Acad. Sci. U. S. A., 109, 17328-17335.
Keywords: phototoxicity of chlorophylls; microbial herbivory; phagocytosis; biodiversity of eukaryotes; microbial loop
Strain(s): 281 
PubMed: 22949677
DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1207347109
Kataoka, H. 2019 Quantitative analysis of tip growth, phototropic responses, and other blue light-dependent photoresponses of Vaucheria. In Phototropism, Part of the Methods in Molecular Biology book series, Ed. by Yamamoto, K. T., Humana Press, New York, NY, 1924, pp. 83-120.
Keywords: Apical expansion; Aureochrome; Blue light; Branching; Ca2+ ion; Coenocyte; Lightgrowth response; Negative phototropism; Polarotropism; Positive phototropism; Split-field illumination method; Unilateral illumination method; Vaucheria
Strain(s): 26142615 
PubMed: 30694469
DOI: 10.1007/978-1-4939-9015-3_8
Kataoka, T., Homma, T., Nakano, S., Hodoki, Y., Ohbayashi, K., Kondo, R. 2013 PCR primers for selective detection of intra-species variations in the bloom-forming cyanobacterium, Microcystis. Harmful Algae, 23, 46-54.
Keywords: Microcystis aeruginosa; Quantitative PCR; 16S-23S rDNA ITS fegion; Selective detection; Intra-species variation
Strain(s): 4487909810110210310711111229860410621070 
DOI: 10.1016/j.hal.2012.12.003
Kato, A., Morita, N., Hiratsuka, T., Suda, S. 2009 Recent introduction of a freshwater red alga Chantransia macrospora (Batrachospermales, Rhodophyta) to Okinawa, Japan. Aquat. Invasions, 4, 567-574.
Keywords: Audouinella; Batrachospermum; Chantransia macrospora; freshwater algae; introduced species; macroalgae
Strain(s): 2636 
DOI: 10.3391/ai.2009.4.4.1
Kato, A., Obokata, J., Sasaki, K. 1981 Mating type interaction in Closterium peracerosum-strigosum-littorale: mating induced protoplast release. Plant Cell Physiol., 22, 1215-1222.
Keywords: Closterium peracerosum-strigosum-littorale; conjugation; disruped cell; mating type interaction; protoplast release
Strain(s): 6465 
DOI: 10.1093/oxfordjournals.pcp.a076273
Kato, A., Ohmura, K., Kanazawa, H., Sasaki, K. 1983 Natural and artificial production of protoplasts from heterothallic and homothallic Closterium. J. Fac. Sci., Hokkaido Univ., Ser. V (Bot.), 13, 7-15.
Strain(s): 6465 
Kato, A., Sasaki, K. 1983 Effects of tunica-mycin on sexual reproduction in heterothallic strains of Closterium. J. Fac. Sci., Hokkaido Univ., Ser. V (Bot.), 13, 1-6.
Strain(s): 6465 
Kato, S., Higuchi, S., Kondo, Y., Kitano, S., Nozaki, H., Tanaka, J. 2005 Rediscovery of the wild-extinct species Nitellopsis obtusa (Charales) in Lake Kawaguchi, Japan. J. Jpn. Bot., 80, 84-91.
Keywords: Charales; Nitellopsis; rbcL gene; rediscovery; wild-extinct species
Strain(s): 1638 
Kato, S., Sakayama, H., Sano, S., Kasai, F., Watanabe, M. M., Tanaka, J., Nozaki, H. 2008 Morphological variation and intraspecific phylogeny of the ubiquitous species Chara braunii (Charales, Charophyceae) in Japan. Phycologia, 47, 191-202.
Keywords: aquatic habitat; Chara braunii; Charales; Charophyceae; intergenic spacer region; intraspecific phylogeny; morphological variation, rbcL gene
Strain(s): 15861587158815891590159115931604 
DOI: 10.2216/07-27.1
Kato, T., Watanabe, M. F., Watanabe M. 1991 Allozyme divergence in Microcystis (Cyanophyceae) and its taxonomic inference. Algol. Stud., 64, 129-140.
Keywords: cyanophytes/cyanobacteria; Microcystis; allozyme divergence; allozyme genotype; allozyme study; cell size; molecular taxonomy
Strain(s): 105510581061106310641067106810701071107410771079108110841086109010911093109510971098 
Kato, T., Watanabe, M. F., Watanabe, M., Hara, Y. 1991 Allozyme genotype and toxin omposition of the Microcystis strains from Lake Okutama-ko (1). Bull. Natn. Sci. Mus., Tokyo, Ser. B 17, 1-4.
Strain(s): 11401141114511521159116011611163 
Kato, Y., Imamura, N., 2008 Effect of calcium ion on uptake of amino acids by symbiotic Chlorella F36-ZK isolated from Japanese Paramecium bursaria. Plant Sci., 174, 88-96.
Keywords: Paramecium bursaria; Chlorella; Calcium; Divalent cation; Amino acid transport; Symbiosis
Strain(s): 22721572540 
DOI: 10.1016/j.plantsci.2007.10.001
Kato, Y., Ueno, S., Imamura, N. 2006 Studies on the nitrogen utilization of endosymbiotic algae isolated from Japanese Paramecium bursaria. Plant Sci., 170, 481-486.
Keywords: Endosymbiont; Paramecium bursaria; Nitrogen utilization; Chlorella
Strain(s): 22725402541 
DOI: 10.1016/j.plantsci.2005.09.018
Katoh, H., Furukawa, J., Tomita-Yokotani, K. and Nishi 2012 Isolation and purification of an axenic diazotrophic drought-tolerant cyanobacterium, Nostoc commune, from natural cyanobacterial crusts and its utilization for field research on soils polluted with radioisotopes. Biochim. Biophys. Acta-Bioenerg., 18, 1499-1505.
Keywords: Cyanobacterium; Nostoc commune; Desiccation; Radiation; Space agriculture
Strain(s): 2114 
PubMed: 22417797
DOI: 10.1016/j.bbabio.2012.02.039
Katoh, H., Shiga, S., Nakahira, Y., Ohmori, M. 2003 Isolation and characterization of drought-tolerant cyanobacterium Nostoc sp. HK-01. Microbes Environ., 18, 82-88.
Keywords: cyanobacterium; drought-tolerance; hormogonia; Nostoc
Strain(s): 2109 
DOI: 10.1264/jsme2.18.82
Katoh, T., Gantt, E. 1979 Photosynthetic vesicles with bound phycobilisomes from Anbaena variabilis. Biochim. Biophys. Acta, 546, 383-393.
Strain(s): 2093 
DOI: 10.1016/0005-2728(79)90075-6
Katoh, T., Hirokawa, T., Miyachi, S. 1958 Effect of pre-illumination upon the Hill reaction in Chlorella cells. J. Biochem., 45, 907-912.
Strain(s): 2170 
Kato-Minoura, T., Okumura, M., Hirono, M., Kamiya, R. 2003 A novel family of unconventional actins in Volvocalean algae. J. Mol. Evol., 57, 555-561.
Keywords: Chlamydomonas; phylogeny; Volvocales
Strain(s): 158351546569 
PubMed: 14738314
DOI: 10.1007/s00239-003-2509-3
Katsuda, T., Lababpour, A., Shimahara, K., Katoh, S. 2004 Astaxanthin production by Haematococcus pluvialis under illumination with LEDs. Enzyme Microb. Technol., 35, 81-86.
Keywords: astaxanthin; light emitting diode; wavelength; accumulation of astaxanthin
Strain(s): 144 
DOI: 10.1016/j.enzmictec.2004.03.016
Katsuda, T., Shimahara, K., Shiraishi, H., Yamagami, K., Ranjbar, R., Katoh, S. 2006 Effect of flashing light from blue light emitting diodes on cell growth and astaxanthin production of Haematococcus pluvialis. J. Biosci. Bioeng., 102, 442-446.
Keywords: flashing light; blue light emitting diode; astaxanthin; Haematococcus pluvialis
Strain(s): 144 
PubMed: 17189172
DOI: 10.1263/jbb.102.442
Katsuda, T., Shiraishi, H., Ishizu, N., Ranjbar, R., Katoh, S. 2008 Effect of light intensity and frequency of flashing light from blue light emitting diodes on astaxanthin production by Haematococcus pluvialis. J. Biosci. Bioeng., 105, 216-220.
Keywords: flashing light; blue light emitting diode; light intensity; astaxanthin; Haematococcus pluvialis
Strain(s): 144 
PubMed: 18397771
DOI: 10.1263/jbb.105.216
Katsumata, M., Ikushima, Y., Bennett, K., Sato, Y., Takeuchi, A., Tatarazako, N., Hakamata, T. 2017 Validation of rapid algal bioassay using delayed fluorescence in an interlaboratory ring study. Sci. Total Environ., 605-606, 842-851.
Keywords: Chemical toxicity test; Growth inhibition; Alga; Delayed fluorescence; Surrogate of biomass
Strain(s): 35 
PubMed: 28683428
DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2017.06.228
Katsumata, M., Koike, T., Nishikawa, M., Kazumura, K., Tsuchiya, H. 2006 Rapid ecotoxicological bioassay using delayed fluorescence in the green alga Pseudokirchneriella subcapitata. Water Res., 40, 3393-3400.
Keywords: Delayed fluorescence; Algal growth inhibition test; Pseudokirchneriella subcapitata; Simazine (CAT); 3,5-dichlorophenol (3,5-DCP)
Strain(s): 35 
PubMed: 16970970
DOI: 10.1016/j.watres.2006.07.016
Kawachi, M., Kataoka, T., Sato, M., Noël, M.-H., Kuwata, A., Demura, M., Yamaguchi, H. 2016 Application of cryopreservation to genetic analyses of a photosynthetic picoeukaryote community. Gene, 576, 708-716.
Keywords: 18S rRNA gene; 454 pyros equencing; Cryopreservation; Photosynthetic picoeukaryotes
Strain(s): 76519662842 
PubMed: 26506442
DOI: 10.1016/j.gene.2015.10.033
Kawafune K., Hongoh, Y., Hamaji, T ., Sakamoto, T., Kurata, T., Hirooka, S., Miyagishima, S., Nozaki, H. 2015 Two different rickettsial bacteria invading Volvox carteri. PLoS One, 10, e0116192 (article ID).
Strain(s): 397398732733866 
PubMed: 25671568
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0116192
Kawafune, K., Hongoh, Y., Hamaji, T., Nozaki, H. 2012 Molecular identification of rickettsial endosymbionts in the non-phagotrophic Volvocalean green algae. PLoS One, 7, e31749 (article ID).
Strain(s): 425577 
PubMed: 22363720
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0031749
Kawafune, K., Sato, M., Toyooka, K., Nozaki, H. 2013 Ultrastructure of the rickettsial endosymbiont "MIDORIKO" in the green alga Carteria cerasiformis as revealed by high-pressure freezing and freeze-substitution fixation. Protoplasma, 250, 949-953.
Keywords: Transmission electron microscopy; High-pressure freezing and freeze-substitution fixation; Rickettsiaceae; Endosymbiont; Carteria cerasiformis
Strain(s): 424426 
PubMed: 23178999
DOI: 10.1007/s00709-012-0469-4
Kawahara, K., Sagehashi, M., Fujii, T., Fujita, H., Hu, H.-Y., Sakoda, A. 2011 Potential of a green alga Botryococcus braunii for simultaneous water purification and biofuel production under open-air condition. J. Water Environ. Technol., 9, 29-37.
Keywords: biofuel production; Botryococcus braunii; Microcystis aeruginosa; water purification
Strain(s): 878361090 
Kawahara, T., Kumaki, Y., Kamada, T., Ishii, T., Okino, T. 2009 Absolute configuration of chlorosulfolipids from the chrysophyta Ochromonas danica. J. Org. Chem., 74, 6016-6024.
Strain(s): 2142 
PubMed: 19627129
DOI: 10.1021/jo900860e
Kawahata, C., Yamamuro, M., Shiraiwa, Y. 2013 Changes in alkaline band formation and calcification of corticated charophyte Chara globularis. SpringerPlus, 2, 85 (article ID).
Keywords: Chara corallina; Chara globularis; Alkaline band; Acid band; SEM
Strain(s): 1585 
PubMed: 23543879
DOI: 10.1186/2193-1801-2-85
Kawai, H., Inouye, I. 1989 Flagellar autofluorescence in forty-four chloraphyll c-containig algae. Phycologia, 28, 222-227.
Strain(s): 515161 
DOI: 10.2216/i0031-8884-28-2-222.1
Kawai, H., Maeba, S., Sasaki, H., Okuda, K., Henry, E. C. 2003 Schizocladia ischiensis: a new filamentous marine chromophyte belonging to a new class, Schizocladiophyceae. Protist, 154, 211-228.
Strain(s): 1044 
PubMed: 13677449
DOI: 10.1078/143446103322166518
Kawai, S., Araki, S., Kodama, Y. 2017 No mutual symbiosis following infection of algae-free Paramecium bursaria with symbiotic algae from Mayorella viridis. Symbiosis, 75, 51-59.
Keywords: Algae; Endosymbiosis; Mayorella viridis; Paramecium bursaria; Phalloidin
Strain(s): 692 
DOI: 10.1007/s13199-017-0517-0
Kawamura, K., Sumii, K., Matsumoto, M., Nakase, D., Kosaki, Y., Ishikawa, M. 2018 Determining the optimal cultivation strategy for microalgae for biodiesel production using flow cytometric monitoring and mathematical modeling. Biomass Bioenerg., 117, 24-31.
Keywords: Biofuel; Logistic equation; Optimal cultivation; Simulation model; Triacylglycerols
Strain(s): 2168 
DOI: 10.1016/j.biombioe.2018.07.005
Kawanobe, K. 1990 A report in the completion of the research work [Chôsa kenkyû syûryô hôkoku]. Unpublished report in Kankyô Hozen Kyôkai, 3 pp. (in Japanese without English title).
Strain(s): 35227 
Kawasaki, S., Yoshida, R., Ohkoshi, K., Toyoshima, H., 2020 Coelastrella astaxanthina sp. nov. (Sphaeropleales, Chlorophyceae), a novel microalga isolated from an asphalt surface in midsummer in Japan. Phycol. Res., 68, 107-114.
Keywords: astaxanthin; dry conditions; photo-oxidative stress; Scenedesmaceae; terrestrial microalgae
Strain(s): 2151 
DOI: 10.1111/pre.12412
Kawase, Y.2, Imamura, S., Tanaka, K. 2017 A MYB-type transcription factor, MYB2, represses light-harvesting protein genes in Cyanidioschyzon merolae. FEBS Lett., 591, 2439-2448.
Keywords: dark acclimation; MYB-type transcription factor; phycobilisome
Strain(s): 3377 
PubMed: 28748638
DOI: 10.1002/1873-3468.12763
Kaya, K., Sano, T. 1998 A photodetoxifi-cation mechanism of the cyanobacterial hepatotoxin microcystin-LR by ultraviolet irradiation. Chem. Res. Toxicol., 11, 159-163.
Strain(s): 88 
Kaya, K., Shiraishi, F., Uchida, H., Sano, T. 2011 A novel retinoic acid analogue, 7-hydroxy retinoic acid, isolated from cyanobacteria. Biochim. Biophys. Acta-Gen. Subj., 1810, 414-419.
Keywords: 7-hydroxy retinoic acid; RAR agonistic activity; cyanobacteria; UV stability
Strain(s): 444546512610931 
PubMed: 21145941
DOI: 10.1016/j.bbagen.2010.11.009
Kaya, K., Watanabe, M. M. 1990 Microcystin composition of an axenic clonal strain of Microcystis viridis and Microcystis viridis-containing waterblooms in Japanese freshwaters. J. Appl. Phycol., 2, 173-178.
Keywords: axenic Microcystis viridis; microcystin; toxic waterbloom; Japanese lakes
Strain(s): 102 
DOI: 10.1007/BF00023379
Kayano, K., Saruwatari, K., Kogure, T., Shiraiwa, Y. 2011 Effect of coccolith polysaccharides isolated from the coccolithophorid, Emiliania huxleyi, on calcite crystal formation in in vitro CaCO3 crystallization. Mar. Biotechnol., 13, 83-92.
Keywords: Acid polysaccharide; Biomineralization; Coccolith; Coccolith polysaccharide; Calcium carbonate crystalization; Emiliania huxleyi
Strain(s): 837 
PubMed: 20336339
DOI: 10.1007/s10126-010-9272-4
Kayano, K., Shiraiwa, Y. 2009 Physiological regulation of coccolith polysaccharide production by phosphate availability in the coccolithophorid Emiliania huxleyi. Plant Cell Physiol., 50, 1522-1531.
Strain(s): 837 
PubMed: 19587028
DOI: 10.1093/pcp/pcp097
Keawtawee, T., Fukami, K., Songsangjinda, P., Muangyao, P. 2011 Isolation and characterization of Noctiluca-killing bacteria from a shrimp aquaculture pond in Thailand. Fish. Sci., 77, 657-664.
Keywords: Algicidal bacteria; Noctiluca scintillans; HABs; Shrimp aquacluture
Strain(s): 16 
DOI: 10.1007/s12562-011-0373-4
Keeling, p. J., Palmer, J. D. 2001 Lateral transfer at the gene and subgenic levels in the evolution of eukaryotic enolase. Proc. Nati. Acad. Sci. U. S. A., 98, 10745-10750.
Keywords: phylogeny; protein insertions; apicomplexa; recombination
Strain(s): 484 
PubMed: 11526220
DOI: 10.1073/pnas.191337098
Kereya, M. S., Mariam, I., Shaikh, K. M., Nesamma, A. A., Jutur, P. P. 2020 Photosynthetic carbon partitioning and metabolic regulation in response to very-low and high CO2 in Microchloropsis gaditana NIES 2587. Front. Plant Sci., , 981 (article ID).
Keywords: Microchloropsis; biomass; carbon dioxide; oleaginous microalga; photosynthetic cell factories
Strain(s): 2587 
PubMed: 32719702
DOI: 10.3389/fpls.2020.00981
Kerfeld, CA., Melnicki, MR., Sutter M., Dominguez-Martin, MA. 2017 Structure, function and evolution of the cyanobacterial orange carotenoid protein and its homologs. New Phytol., 215, 937-951.
Keywords: carotenoids; carotenoproteins; cyanobacteria; nonphotochemical quenching; photoprotection; phylogenomics; protein structure; singlet oxygen (1O2) quenching
Strain(s): 3981843 
PubMed: 28675536
DOI: 10.1111/nph.14670
Keshari, N., Gugger, M., Zhu, T., Lu, X. 2019 Compatible solutes profiling and carbohydrate feedstock from diversified cyanobacteria. Algal Res., 43, 101637 (article ID).
Keywords: Cyanobacteria; Compatible solutes; Glucosylglycerol (GG); Sucrose; Trehalose; Glycogen
Strain(s): 315921031 
DOI: 10.1016/j.algal.2019.101637
Kessenich, C. R., Ruck, E. C., Schurko, A. M., Wickett, N. J., Alverson, A. J. 2014 Transcriptomic insights into the life history of Bolidophytes, the sister lineage to diatoms. J. Phycol., 50, 977-983.
Keywords: Bolidomonas; diatoms; diplontic; haplodiplontic; life cycle; Parmales; transcriptome
Strain(s): 2682 
PubMed: 26988780
DOI: 10.1111/jpy.12222
Kessler, E., Huss, V. A. R. 1992 Comparative physiology and biochemistry and taxonomic assignment of the Chlorella (Chlorophyceae) strains of the Culture Collection of the University of Texas at Austin. J. Phycol., 28, 550-553.
Keywords: chemotaxonomy; Chlorella; Chlorophyta; UTEX culture collection; utilization for research and biotechnology
Strain(s): 6866872150215121602163216921752176 
DOI: 10.1111/j.0022-3646.1992.00550.x
Kettler, G., Martiny, A. C., Huang, K., Zucker, J., Coleman, M. L., Rodrigue, S., Chen, F., Lapidus, A., Ferriera, S., Johnson, J., Steglich, C., Church, G. M., Richardson, P., Chisholm, S. W. 2007 Patterns and implications of gene gain and loss in the evolution of Prochlorococcus. PLoS One, 3, e231 (article ID).
Strain(s): 28813376 
PubMed: 18159947
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pgen.0030231
Khan, S. M. M. K., Arikawa, M., Omura, G., Suetomo, Y., Kakuta, S., Suzaki, T. 2003 Axopodial contraction in the heliozoon Raphidiophrys contractilis requires extracellular Ca2+. Zool. Sci., 20, 1367-1372.
Keywords: contraction; microtubules; contractile tubules; heliozoa; calcium
Strain(s): 2498 
DOI: 10.2108/zsj.20.1367
Khan, S. M. M. K., Arikawa, M., Suzaki, T. 2005 Toxic effect of heavy metal ions on the axopodia of the heliozoon Raphidiophrys contractilis. Jpn. J. Protozool., 38, 44-45.
Strain(s): 2498 
Khan, S. M. M. K., Yoshimura, C., Arikawa, M., Omura, G., Nishiyama, S., Suetomo, Y., Kakuta, S., Suzaki, T. 2006 Axopodial degradation in the heliozoon Raphidiophrys contractilis: a novel bioassay system for detecting heavy metal toxicity in an aquatic environment. Environ. Sci., 13, 193-200.
Strain(s): 2498 
PubMed: 17095991
Khanam, MR., Shimasaki, Y., Hosain, MZ., Mukai, K., Tsuyama, M., Qiu, X., Tasmin, R., Goto, H., Oshima, Y. 2017 Diuron causes sinking retardation and physiochemical alteration in marine diatoms Thalassiosira pseudonana and Skeletonema marinoi-dohrnii complex. Chemosphere, 175, 200-209.
Keywords: Sinking rate; Thalassiosira pseudonana; Skeletonema marinoi-dohrnii complex; Diuron
Strain(s): 324 
PubMed: 28222374
DOI: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2017.02.054
Ki, J.-S., Han, M.-S. 2007 Nuclear rDNA and chloroplast rbcL, rbcS and IGS sequence data, and their implications from the Japanese, Korean, and North American harmful algae, Heterosigma akashiwo (Raphidophyceae). Environ. Res., 103, 299-304.
Keywords: Heterosigma akashiwo; blooms; nuclear rDNA; rbcS; IGS
Strain(s): 293 
DOI: 10.1016/j.envres.2006.08.014
Ki, J.-S., Han, M.-S. 2007 Rapid molecular identification of the harmful freshwater dinoflagellate Peridinium in various life stages using genus-specific single-cell PCR. J. Appl. Phycol., 19, 467-470.
Keywords: dinoflagellate cyst; planozygote; rDNA
Strain(s): 495 
DOI: 10.1007/s10811-007-9157-8
Kim, B.-H., Oh, H.-M., Lee, Y.-K., Choi, G.-G., Ahn, C.-y., Yoon, B.-D., Kim, H.-S., 2006 Simple method for RNA preparation from cyanobacteria. J. Phycol., 42, 1137-1141.
Keywords: bead–phenol–chloroform method; cyanobacteria; RNA extraction; xanthogenate–SDS–phenol method
Strain(s): 3339230 
DOI: 10.1111/j.1529-8817.2006.00263.x
Kim, B.-H., Ramanan, R., Cho, D.-H., Choi, G.-G., La, H.-J., Ahn, C.-Y., Oh, H.-M., Kim, H.-S. 2012 Simple, rapid and cost-effective method for high quality nucleic acids extraction from different strains of Botryococcus braunii. PLoS One, 7, e37770 (article ID).
Strain(s): 836 
PubMed: 22662217
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0037770
Kim, B.-H., Ramanan, R., Kang, Z., Cho, D.-H., Oh, H.-M., Kim, H.-S. 2016 Chlorella sorokiniana HS1, a novel freshwater green algal strain, grows and hyperaccumulates lipid droplets in seawater salinity. Biomass Bioenerg., 85, 300-305.
Keywords: Chlorella; Salt stress; Green algae; Lipid droplets; Biodiesel; Commercialization
Strain(s): 2150 
DOI: 10.1016/j.biombioe.2015.12.026
Kim, C.-J., Hung, Y.-H., Oh, H.-M, 2007 Factors indicating culture status during cultivation of Spirulina (Arthrospira) platensis. J. Microbiol., 45, 122-127.
Keywords: coil number; culture status; syanobacteria; floating activity; Spirulona platensis
Strain(s): 3946 
PubMed: 17483796
Kim, C.-J., Jung, Y.-H., Ahn, C.-Y., Lee, Y.-K., Oh, H.-M. 2010 Adsorption of turbid materials by the cyanobacterium Phormidium parchydematicum. J. Appl. Phycol., 22, 181-186.
Keywords: Chlorella vulgaris; Clay; Cyanobacteria; Phormidium parchydematicum; Turbid material
Strain(s): 39 
DOI: 10.1007/s10811-009-9440-y
Kim, D., Nakamura, A., Okamoto, T., Komatsu, N., Oda, T., Ishimatsu, A., Muramatsu, T. 1999 Toxic potential of the raphidophyte Olisthodiscus luteus: mediation by reactive oxygen species. J. Plankton Res., 21, 1017-1027.
Strain(s): 15 
DOI: 10.1093/plankt/21.6.1017
Kim, D., Oda, T., Ishimatsu, A., Muramatsu, T. 2000 Galacturonic-acid-induced increase of superoxide production in red tide phytoplankton Chattonella marina and Heterosigma akashiwo. Biosci. Biotechnol. Biochem., 64, 911-914.
Keywords: red tide plankton; Chattonella marina; Heterosigma akashiwo; galacturonic acid; reactive oxygen species
Strain(s): 6 
PubMed: 10830520
DOI: 10.1271/bbb.64.911
Kim, D., Okamoto, T., Oda, T., Tachibana, K., Lee, K. S., Ishimatsu, A., Matsuyama, Y., Honjo, T., Muramatsu, T. 2001 Possible involvement of the glycocalyx in the ichthyotoxicity of Chattonella marina (Raphidophyceae): immunological approach using antiserum against cell surface structures of the flagellate. Mar. Biol., 139, 625-632.
Strain(s): 615 
DOI: 10.1007/s002270100614
Kim, D., Sato, Y., Oda, T., Muramatsu, T., Matsuyama, Y., Honjo, T. 2000 Specific toxic effect of dinoflagellate Heterocapsa circularisquama on the rotifer Brachionus plicatilis. Biosci. Biotechnol. Biochem., 64, 2719-2722.
Keywords: red tide; Heterocapsa circularisquama; rotifer; toxicity; dinoflagellate
Strain(s): 6 
PubMed: 11210146
DOI: 10.1271/bbb.64.2719
Kim, D., Waranabe, M., Nakayasu, Y., Kohata, K. 2004 Production of superoxide anion and hydrogen peroxide associated with cell growth of Chattonella antiqua. Aquat. Microb. Ecol., 35, 57-64.
Keywords: Cell cycles; Chattonella antiqua; Hydrogen peroxide; NIES culture tank; Reactive oxygen species; Red tide; Superoxide anion
Strain(s): 1 
DOI: 10.3354/ame035057
Kim, D., Waranabe, M., Nakayasu, Y., Kohata, K. 2005 Changes in O2- and H2O2 production by Chattonella antiqua during diel vertical migration under nutrient stratification. Aquat. Microb. Ecol., 39, 183-191.
Keywords: Chattonella antiqua; Diel vertical migration; Hydrogen peroxide; Nutrient stratification; Reactive oxygen species; Superoxide anion
Strain(s): 1 
DOI: 10.3354/ame039183
Kim, E., Graham, L. E. 2008 EEF2 analysis challenges the monophyly of Archaeplastida and Chromalveolata. PLoS One, 3, e0002621 (article ID).
Strain(s): 1335 
PubMed: 18612431
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0002621
Kim, E., Simpson, A. G., Graham, L. E. 2006 Evolutionary relationships of apusomonads inferred from taxon-rich analyses of nuclear encoded genes. Mol. Biol. Evol., 23, 2455-2466.
Keywords: Apusomonas; Apusomonadidae; Opisthokonta; Amoebozoa; protists; evolution
Strain(s): 93695513331335 
PubMed: 16982820
DOI: 10.1093/molbev/msl120
Kim, E., Wilcox, L. W., Fawley, M. W., Graham, L. E. 2006 Phylogenetic position of the green flagellate Mesostigma viride based on alpha-tubulin and beta-tubulin gene sequences. Int. J. Plant Sci., 167, 873-883.
Keywords: Mesostigma; Coleochaete; Pterosperma; Nephroselmis; Mantoniella; Streptophyta; Viridiplantae; α-tubulin; β-tubulin
Strain(s): 955 
DOI: 10.1086/504391
Kim, J. I., Shin, W., Treimer, R. E. 2010 Multigene analyses of photosynthetic euglenoids and new family, Phacaceae (Euglenales). J. Phycol., 46, 1278-1287.
Keywords: discoid chloroplast; Euglenaceae; Euglenales; multigene analysis; Phacaceae; phylogeny; synapomorphy
Strain(s): 381 
DOI: 10.1111/j.1529-8817.2010.00910.x
Kim, K., Yoon, Y., Cho, H., Hwang, S. J 2020 Molecular probes to evaluate the synthesis and production potential of an odorous compound (2-methylisoborneol) in cyanobacteria. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health, 17, 1933 (article ID).
Keywords: 2-Methylisoborneol (2-MIB); cyanobacteria; molecular probes; mibC; real-time PCR
Strain(s): 19512824 
PubMed: 32188031
DOI: 10.3390/ijerph17061933
Kim, M., Shin, B., Lee, J., Park, H. Y., Park, W. 2019 Culture-independent and culture-dependent analyses of the bacterial community in the phycosphere of cyanobloom-forming Microcystis aeruginosa. Sci Rep, 9, 20416 (article ID).
Strain(s): 298 
PubMed: 31892695
DOI: 10.1038/s41598-019-56882-1
Kim, M.-C., Yoshinaga, I., Imai, I., Nagasaki, K., Itakura, S., Ishida, Y. 1998 A close relationship between algicidal bacteria and termination of Heterosigma akashiwo (Raphidophyceae) blooms in Hiroshima Bay, Japan. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser., 170, 25-32.
Keywords: algicidal bacteria; marine bacteria; marine phytoplankton; red tide; bloom; Raphidophyceae; Heterosigma akashiwo
Strain(s): 1 
DOI: 10.3354/meps170025
Kim, T. Y., Hong, J. E., Park, H. M., Lee, U. J., Lee, S-Y. 2020 Decontamination of low-level contaminated water from radioactive cesium and cobalt using microalgae. J. Radioanal. Nucl. Chem., 323, 903-908.
Keywords: Radionuclide; Microalgae; Cobalt; Cesium; Decontamination; Biosorption
Strain(s): 2860 
DOI: 10.1007/s10967-019-07008-4
Kim, Y. E., Matter, I. A., Lee, N., Jung, M., Lee, Y. C., Choi, S. A., Lee, S. Y., Kim, J. R., Oh, Y. K. 2020 Enhancement of astaxanthin production by Haematococcus pluvialis using magnesium aminoclay nanoparticles. Bioresour. Technol., 307, 123270 (article ID).
Keywords: Haematococcus pluvialis; Astaxanthin; Nanoparticle; Aminoclay; Lipid
Strain(s): 144 
PubMed: 32253126
DOI: 10.1016/j.biortech.2020.123270
Kim, Y.-S., Oyaizu, H., Matsumoto, S, Watanabe, M. M., Nozaki, H. 1994 Chloroplast small-subunit ribosomal RNA gene sequence from Chlamydomonas parkeae (Chlorophyta) : molecular phylogeny of a green alga with a peculiar pigment composition. Eur. J. Phycol., 29, 213-217.
Keywords: Chlamydomonas parkeae; Chlorophyta; chloroplast small-subunit (SSU) rRNA; phylogeny; pigment composition
Strain(s): 228254440468666 
DOI: 10.1080/09670269400650661
Kimpel, D. L., Togasaki, R. K., Miyachi, S. 1983 Carbonic anhydrase in Chlamydomonas reinhardtii I. Localization. Plant Cell Physiol., 24, 255-259.
Keywords: carbonic anhydrase; cell wall-less mutant; Chyamydomonas reinhardtii; periplasm; wall lysing enzyme
Strain(s): 22372238 
DOI: 10.1093/pcp/24.2.255
Kimura, B., Ishida, Y. 1986 Possible phago-trophic feeding of bacteria in a freshwater red tide Chrysophyceae Uroglena americana. Bull. Jpn. Soc. Sci. Fish., 52, 697-701.
Strain(s): 395 
Kimura, B., Ishida, Y., Kadota, H. 1986 Effect of naturally collected bacteria on growth of Uroglena americana, a freshwater red tide Chrysophyceae. Bull. Jpn. Soc. Sci. Fish., 52, 691-696.
Strain(s): 395 
Kimura, J. 2011 Screening for allelopathic activity on algal growth. Bull. Hiroshima Pref. Tech. Res. Inst., Publ. Health Environ. Center, 19, 37-46 (in Japanese).
Keywords: Microcystis; Chlorella; Nitzschia; growth inhibition; allelopathy
Strain(s): 88487642 
Kimura, K., Tomaru, Y. 2013 Isolation and characterization of a single-stranded DNA virus infecting the marine planktonic diatom Chaetoceros sp. strain SS628-11 isolated from western Japan. PLoS One, 8, e82013 (article ID).
Strain(s): 3718 
PubMed: 24358139
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0082013
Kimura, K., Tomaru, Y. 2017 Effects of temperature and salinity on diatom cell lysis by DNA and RNA viruses. Aquat. Microb. Ecol., 79, 79-83.
Keywords: Water temperature; Water salinity; Host-virus interactions; Diatom lysis
Strain(s): 37143716 
DOI: 10.3354/ame01818
Kimura, S., Yamada, T., Ban, S., Koyama, M., Toda, T. 2019 Nutrient removal from anaerobic digestion effluents of aquatic macrophytes with the green alga, Chlorella sorokiniana. Biochem. Eng. J., 142, 170-177.
Keywords: Chlorella sorokiniana; anaerobic digestion effluent; maximum algal yield; nutrient removal rate; aquatic macrophytes
Strain(s): 2173 
DOI: 10.1016/j.bej.2018.12.001
Kimura, Y., Kimura, S., Sato, S., Katho, H., Abe, T., Arai, M., Tomita-Yokotani, K. 2015 Evoluation of a cyanobacterium, Nostoc sp. HK-01, as food material for space agriculture on Mars. Biological Sciences in Space, 29, 24-31.
Keywords: Cyanobacteria; Food; Martian regolith simulant (MRS); Nostoc sp. HK-01; Radicalscavenging activity; Space Agriculture
Strain(s): 21092114 
DOI: 10.2187/bss.29.24
Kimura, Y., Tomita-Yokotani, K., Katho, H., Sato, S., Ohmori, M. 2017 Complete life cycle and heat tolerance of dry colonies of a terrestrial cyanobacterium, Nostoc sp. HK-01. Biological Sciences in Space, 31, 1-8.
Keywords: compatible solute; cyanobacteria; extracellular polysaccharides; heat tolerance; life cycle of cell; Nostoc sp. HK-01
Strain(s): 2109 
DOI: 10.2187/bss.31.1
Kinoshita, E., Suzaki, T., Shigenaka, Y. 2001 The ultrastructure of contractile tubules in the heliozoan Actinophrys sol and their possible involvement in rapid axopodial contraction. J. Eucaryot. Microbiol., 48, 519-526.
Keywords: Axopodium; Ca2+-contraction; colchicine; electron microscopy
Strain(s): 2497 
PubMed: 11596916
DOI: 10.1111/j.1550-7408.2001.tb00187.x
Kinoshita, E., Suzaki, T., Sugiyama, M., Shigenaka, Y. 1995 Ultrastructure and rapid axopodial contraction of a heliozoan, Raphidiophyrys contractilis sp. nov. J. Eucaryot. Microbiol., 42, 283-288.
Keywords: Contraction; Heliozoa; microtubule pattern; new species; Raphidiophyrys; silicic scale; X-ray microanalysis
Strain(s): 24983374 
DOI: 10.1111/j.1550-7408.1995.tb01581.x
Kinugawa, K., Etoh, M., Kuba, T., Kusuda, T. 1999 A possibility of control and prevention of excessive phytoplankton growth by photochromism. J. Jpn. Soc. Wat. Environ., 22, 932-937 (in Japanese with English summary).
Keywords: photochromism; spironaphthoxazine; shielding sunlight; algal growth potential; eutrophication
Strain(s): 98 
Kiperstok, A. C., Sebestyén, P., Podola, B., Melkonian, M. 2017 Biofilm cultivation of Haematococcus pluvialis enables a highly productive one-phase process for astaxanthin production using high light intensities. Algal Res., 21, 213-222.
Keywords: Microalgae; Immobilized cultivation; Irradiation; Carbon dioxide; Twin-Layer; Carotenoid
Strain(s): 144 
DOI: 10.1016/j.algal.2016.10.025
Kishi, M., Kawai, M., Toda, T. 2015 Heterotrophic utilization of ethylene glycol and propylene glycol by Chlorella protothecoides. Algal Res., 11, 428-434.
Keywords: algae; Chlorella protothecoides; Ethylene glycol; Propylene glycol; Heterotrophic; pH
Strain(s): 215121682170 
DOI: 10.1016/j.algal.2015.04.020
Kishi, M., Toda, T. 2018 Carbon fixation properties of three alkalihalophilic microalgal strains under high alkalinity. J. Appl. Phycol., 30, 401–410.
Keywords: Algae; Cyanobacteria; Carbon dioxide; Alkalinity; Growth optimization
Strain(s): 392257 
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Kishi, M., Yamada, Y., Katayama, T., Matsuyama, T., Toda, T. 2020 Carbon mass balance in Arthrospira platensis culture with medium recycle and high CO2 supply. Appl. Sci.-Basel, 10, 228 (article ID).
Keywords: Arthrospira; carbon dioxide; CO2 capture and utilization; mass balance; medium recycle; pH
Strain(s): 39 
DOI: 10.3390/app10010228
Kisugi, T., Okino, T. 2009 Micropeptins from the freshwater cyanobacterium Microcystis aeruginosa (NIES-100). J. Nat. Prod., 72, 777-781.
Strain(s): 100 
PubMed: 19260658
DOI: 10.1021/np800631t
Kitamura, N., Nakagawa, T., Yoshida, Y., Matsushima, H., Asada, Y. 2006 Studies on the growth control of toxic cyanobacteria by use of the water-extracts from the dead leaves of deciduous trees. Environ. Eng. Res. [Kankyô-kôgaku Kenkyû Ronbunshû], 43, 543-549.
Keywords: growth control; Microcystis aeruginosa; dead-leaves; deciduous trees; condensed tannin
Strain(s): 102 
Kiyohara, T., Fujita, Y., Hattori, A., Watanabe, A. 1962 Effect of light on glucose assimilation in Tolypothrix tenuis. J. Gen. Appl. Microbiol., 8, 165-168.
Strain(s): 37 
Klemenčič, M., Funk, C. 2018 Structural and functional diversity of caspase homologues in non-metazoan organisms. Protoplasma, 255, 387-397.
Strain(s): 448432549 
PubMed: 28744694
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Kobayashi, A., Sekiguchi, Y., Oroguchi, T., Okajima, K., Fukuda, A., Oide,, M., Yamamoto, M., Nakasako, M. 2016 Specimen preparation for cryogenic coherent X-ray diffraction imaging of biological cells and cellular organelles by using the X-ray free-electron laser at SACLA. J. Synchrot. Radiat., 23, 975-989.
Keywords: coherent X-ray diffraction imaging; X-ray free-electron laser; frozen-hydrated non-crystalline specimens; cryogenic X-ray diffraction experiment; structures of cells and cellular organelles
Strain(s): 2087 
PubMed: 27359147
DOI: 10.1107/S1600577516007736
Kobayashi, H., Ohta, S., Murao, N., Tachibana, H., Yamagata, S. 2000 Radiative transfer model for satellite remote sensing of ocean colors in coastal zones. J. Global Environ. Eng., 6, 13-31.
Keywords: equation of radiative transfer; coastal pollution; discharge of soil particle; red tide
Strain(s): 16 
Kobayashi, M. 2000 In vivo antioxidant role of astaxanthin under oxidative stress in the green alga Haematococcus pluvialis. Appl. Microbilo. Biotechnol., 54, 550-555.
Strain(s): 144 
PubMed: 11092631
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Kobayashi, M., Hatta, K., Sugai, M. 1987 Endopolyploidy in Chlorella. Arch. Mikrobiol., 146, 309-314.
Strain(s): 2170 
DOI: 10.1007/BF00410927
Kobayashi, M., Hirai, N., Kurimura, Y., Ohigashi, H., Tsuji, Y. 1997 Abscisic acid-dependent algal morphogenesis in the unicellular green alga Haematococcus pluvialis. Plant Growth Regulation, 22, 79-85.
Keywords: abscisic acid; active oxygen; carotenoid; cyst formation; drought stress; Haematococcus pluvialis
Strain(s): 144 
DOI: 10.1023/A:1005862809711
Kobayashi, M., Kakizono, T., Nagai, S. 1991 Astaxanthin production by a green alga, Haematococcus pluvialis accompanied with morphological changes in acetate media. J. Ferment. Bioeng., 71, 335-339.
Strain(s): 144 
DOI: 10.1016/0922-338X(91)90346-I
Kobayashi, M., Kakizono, T., Nagai, S. 1993 Enhanced carotenoid biosynthesis by oxidative stress in acetate-induced cyst cells of a green unicellular alga, Haematococcus pluvialis. Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 59, 867-873.
Strain(s): 144 
PubMed: 16348895
DOI: 10.1128/AEM.59.3.867-873.1993
Kobayashi, M., Kakizono, T., Nagai, S. 1993 Photo-dependent astaxanthin biosynthesis in a green alga, Haematococcus pluvialis. Seibutsu-Kôgaku, 71, 233-237 (in Japanese with English summary).
Strain(s): 144 
Kobayashi, M., Kakizono, T., Nishio, N., Nagai, S. 1992 Effects of light intensity, light quality, and illumination cycle on astaxanthin formation in a green alga, Haematococcus pluvialis. J. Ferment. Bioeng., 74, 61-63.
Strain(s): 144 
DOI: 10.1016/0922-338X(92)90271-U
Kobayashi, M., Kakizono, T., Nishio, N., Nagai, S., Kurimura, Y., Tsuji, Y. 1997 Antioxidant role of astaxanthin in the green alga Haematococcus pluvialis. Appl. Microbiol. Biotechnol., 48, 351-356.
Strain(s): 144 
DOI: 10.1007/s002530051
Kobayashi, M., Kakizono, T., Yamaguchi, K., Nishio, N., Nagai, S. 1992 Growth and asta-xanthin formation of Haematococcus pluvialis in heterotrophic and mixotrophic conditions. J. Ferment. Bioeng., 74, 17-20.
Strain(s): 144 
Kobayashi, M., Kurimura, Y., Kakizono, T., Nishio, N., Tsuji, Y. 1997 Morphological changes in the life cycle of the green alga Haematococcus pluvialis. J. Ferment. Bioeng., 84, 94-97.
Keywords: astaxanthin; encystment; germination; Haematococcus pluvialis; life cycle; maturation
Strain(s): 144 
DOI: 10.1016/S0922-338X(97)82794-8
Kobayashi, M., Kurimura, Y., Sakamoto, Y., Tsuji, Y. 1997 Selective extraction of astaxanthin and chlorophyll from the green alga Haematococcus pluvialis. Biotechnol. Tech., 11, 657-660.
Strain(s): 144 
DOI: 10.1023/A:1018455209445
Kobayashi, M., Kurimura, Y., Tsuji, Y. 1997 Light-independent, astaxanthin production by the green microalga Haematococcus pluvialis under salt stress. Biotechnol. Lett., 19, 507-509.
Strain(s): 144 
DOI: 10.1023/A:1018372900649
Kobayashi, M., Okada, T. 2000 Protective role of astaxanthin against u.v.-B irradiation in the green alga Haematococcus pluvialis. Biotechnol. Lett., 22, 177-181.
Keywords: antioxidant; astaxanthom; Haematococcus pluvialis oxidative stress; u.v.-B;
Strain(s): 144 
DOI: 10.1023/A:100564960983
Kobayashi, M., Todoroki, Y., Hirai, N., Kurimura, Y., Ohigashi, H., Tsuji, Y. 1998 Biological activities of abscisic acid analogs in the morphological change of the green alga Haematococcus pluvialis. J. Ferment. Bioeng., 85, 529-531.
Keywords: abscisic acid; astaxanthin; carotenogenesis; drought stress; encystment; plant hormone; Haematococcus pluvialis
Strain(s): 144 
DOI: 10.1016/S0922-338X(98)80076-7
Kobayashi, T. Takahara, M., Miyagishima, S, Kuroiwa, H., Sasaki, N., Ohta, N., Kuroiwa, T. 2002 Detection and localization of a chloroplast-encoded HU-like protein that may organize chloroplast nucleoids. Plant Cell, 14, 1579-1589.
Strain(s): 3377 
PubMed: 12119376
DOI: 10.1105/tpc.002717
Kobayashi, Y., Kanesaki, Y., Tanaka, A., Kuroiwa, H., Kuroiwa, T., Tanaka, K. 2009 Tetrapyrole signal as a cell cycle coordinator from organelle to nuclear DNA replication in plant cells. Proc. Nati. Acad. Sci. U. S. A., 106, 803-807.
Strain(s): 3377 
PubMed: 19141634
DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0804270105
Kobayashi, Y., Takusagawa, M., Harada, N., Fukao, Y., Yamaoka, S., Kohchi, T., Hori, K., Ohta, H., Shikanai, T., Nishimura, Y. 2016 Eukaryotic components remodeled chloroplast nucleoid organization during the green plant evolution. Genome Biol. Evol., 8, 1-16.
Keywords: chloroplast; nucleoid; evolution; endosymbiosis
Strain(s): 2285 
PubMed: 26608058
DOI: 10.1093/gbe/evv233
Kodani, S., Ishida, K., Murakami, M. 1998 Aeruginosin 103-A, a thrombin inhibitor from the cyanobactrium Microcystis viridis. J. Nat. Prod., 61, 1046-1048.
Strain(s): 103 
PubMed: 9722497
DOI: 10.1021/np980106w
Kodani, S., Ishida, K., Murakami, M. 1998 Dehydroradiosumin, a trypsin inhibitor from the cyanobacterium Anabaena cylindrica. J. Nat. Prod., 61, 854-856.
Strain(s): 19 
PubMed: 9644086
DOI: 10.1021/np980048e
Kodani, S., Ishida, K., Murakami, M. 1999 Occurrence and identification of UDP-N-acetylmuramyl-pentapeptide from the cyanobacterium Anabaena cylindrica. FEMS Microbiol. Lett., 176, 321-325.
Keywords: cyanobacterium; UDP-N-acetylmuramyl-pentapeptide; peptidoglycan
Strain(s): 19 
PubMed: 10427714
DOI: 10.1111/j.1574-6968.1999.tb13678.x
Koeduka, T., Ishizaki, K., Mwenda, C. M., Hori, K., Sasaki-Sekimoto, Y., Ohta, H., Kohchi, T., Matsui, K. 2015 Biochemical characterization of allene oxide synthases from the liverwort Marchantia polymorpha and green microalgae Klebsormidium flaccidum provides insight into the evolutionary divergence of the plant CYP74 family. Planta, 242, 1175-1186.
Keywords: Allene oxide synthase; Plant evolution; CYP74; Hydroperoxide lyase; C8 volatiles
Strain(s): 2285 
PubMed: 26105654
DOI: 10.1007/s00425-015-2355-8
Koga, T., Arasaki, T., Tanaka, T., Ueda, S. 1991 Studies on cell fusion of microalgae, part 2 protoplast induction and regeneration of Chlorella. Annu. Rep. Kumamoto Kogyo Univ., 17, 279-286.
Strain(s): 68521632189 
Koga, T., Arasaki, T., Tanaka, T., Ueda, S. 1991 Studies on cell fusion of microalgae, part 3 interspecific cell fusion of Chlorella. Annu. Rep. Kumamoto Kogyo Univ., 17, 287-293.
Strain(s): 68521632189 
Kohata, K., Watanabe, M. 1984 The use of a controlled experimental ecosystem (Microcosm) in studies of mechanism of red tide outbreaks (II) - Growth of Heterosigma akashiwo, red tide flagellate, in Microcosm. Res. Rep. Natl. Inst. Environ. Stud., No. 63, 111-121 (in Japanese with English summary).
Strain(s): 6 
Kohata, K., Watanabe, M. 1986 Synchronous division and the pattern of diel vertical migration of Heterosigma akashiwo (Hada) Hada (Raphidophyceae) in a laboratory culture tank. J. Exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol., 100, 209-224.
Keywords: cell division; culture tank; DCMU-induced fluorescence; Heterosigma akashiwo; vertical migration
Strain(s): 6 
DOI: 10.1016/0022-0981(86)90163-2
Kohata, K., Watanabe, M. 1987 The use of a controlled experimental ecosystem (Microcosm) in studies of mechanism of red tide outbreaks (V) - Growth and cell volume change of Heterosigma akashiwo, a red tide flagellate. Res. Rep. Natl. Inst. Environ. Stud., No. 110, 57-66 (in Japanese with English summary).
Strain(s): 6 
Kohata, K., Watanabe, M. 1987 The use of a controlled experimental ecosystem (Microcosm) in studies of mechanism of red tide outbreaks (VI) - Diurnal changes of C/N ratio and distribution of chloroplast pigments in the culture of Chattonella antiqua, a red tide flagellate. Res. Rep. Natl. Inst. Environ. Stud., No. 110, 67-77 (in Japanese with English summary).
Strain(s): 1 
Kohata, K., Watanabe, M. 1987 The use of a controlled experimental ecosystem (Microcosm) in studies of mechanism of red tide outbreaks (VII) - Growth and its mathematical model of Heterosigma akashiwo, a red tide flagellate, in light-limited synchronous cultures. Res. Rep. Natl. Inst. Environ. Stud., No. 110, 79-88 (in Japanese with English summary).
Strain(s): 6 
Kohata, K., Watanabe, M. 1988 Diel changes in the composition of photosynthetic pigments and cellular carbon and nitrogen in Chattonella antiqua (Raphidophyceae). J. Phycol., 24, 58-66.
Keywords: carotenoids; cellular carbon; Chattonella antiqua; chlorophyll; diel change; laboratory culture tank; light-dark cycles
Strain(s): 1 
DOI: 10.1111/j.1529-8817.1988.tb04456.x
Kohata, K., Watanabe, M. 1989 Diel changes in the composition of photosynthetic pigments and cellular carbon and nitrogen in Pyramimonas parkeae (Prasinophyceae). J. Phycol., 25, 377-385.
Keywords: carotenoids; cellurar carbon; chlorophyll; diel change; laboratory culture tank; light-dark cycles; loroxanthin dodecenoate; Pyremimonas parkeae
Strain(s): 254 
DOI: 10.1111/j.1529-8817.1989.tb00134.x
Kohata, K., Watanabe, M. M., Nakamura, Y., Watanabe, M. 1982 Growth and phosphate uptake kinetics in Olisthodiscus luteus: grown on synchronized batch cultures. Res. Rep. Natl. Inst. Environ. Stud., No. 30, 95-111 (in Japanese with English summary).
Strain(s): 6 
Kohata, K., Watanabe, M., Yamanaka, K. 1991 Highly sensitive determination of photosynthetic pigments in marine in situ samples by high-performance liquid chromatography. J. Chromatogr. A 558, 131-140.
Strain(s): 67254323353 
DOI: 10.1016/0021-9673(91)80118-Z
Koike, H., Shibata, M., Yasutomi, K., Kashino, Y., Satoh, K. 2000 Identification of photosystem I components from a glaucocystophyte, Cyanophora paradoxa: The PsaD protein has an N-terminal stretch homologous to higher plants. Photosynth. Res., 65, 207-217.
Keywords: Cyanophora paradoxa; glaucocystophyte; light harvesting complex; photosystem I; PsaD; PsaL
Strain(s): 547 
DOI: 10.1023/A:1010734912776
Kojima, E., Yamaguchi, Y. 1988 Photoproduction of hydrogen by adapted cells of Chlorella pyrenoidosa. J. Ferment. Technol., 66, 19-25.
Strain(s): 685 
DOI: 10.1016/0385-6380(88)90124-0
Komatsu, H., Wada, K., Kanjoh, T., Miyashita, H., Sato, M., Kawachi, M., Kobayashi, M. 2016 Unique chlorophylls in picoplankton Prochlorococcus sp. “Physicochemical properties of divinyl chlorophylls, and the discovery of monovinyl chlorophyll b as well as divinyl chlorophyll b in the species Prochlorococcus NIES-2086.” Photosynth. Res., 130, 445-467.
Keywords: Chlorophyll; Divinyl chlorophyll; Pheophytin; Photosynthesis; Prochlorococcus
Strain(s): 2086208728843376 
PubMed: 27334004
DOI: 10.1007/s11120-016-0283-5
Komor, E., Cho, B.-H., Kraus, M. 1988 The occurrence of the glucose-inducible transport systems for glucose, proline, and arginine in different species of Chlorella. Botanica Acta, 101, 321-326.
Keywords: Amino acid transport; induction by glucose; Chlorella; classification
Strain(s): 6872150 
DOI: 10.1111/j.1438-8677.1988.tb00051.x
Kondo, F., Ikai, Y., Oka, H., Ishikawa, N., Watanabe, M. F., Watanabe, M., Harada, K., Suzuki, M. 1992 Separation and identification of microcystins in cyanobacteria by frit-fast atom bombardment liquid chromatography / mass spectrometry. Toxicon, 30, 227-237.
Strain(s): 1213 
PubMed: 1529459
DOI: 10.1016/0041-0101(92)90865-3
Kondo, R., Kagiya, G., Hiroishi, S., Watanabe, M. 2000 Genetic typing of a bloom-forming cyanobacterial genus Microcystis in Japan using 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis. Plankton Biol. Ecol., 47, 1-6.
Keywords: genetic typing; 16S rDNA; Microcystis; cyanobacteria; phylogenetic analysis
Strain(s): 878889909198991001011021041051061081091101111122982996041055106110681076109010911105112211421164 
Kondo, R., Kagiya, G., Hiroishi, S., Watanabe, M., Hata, Y. 1999 Rapid DNA extraction from a bloom-forming cyanobacterium. Microbes Environ., 14, 157-161.
Keywords: DNA extraction; PCR; Microcystis; cyanobacteria
Strain(s): 878889909198991001011021041051061081091101111122982996041055106110681076109010911105112211421164 
DOI: 10.1264/jsme2.14.157
Kondo, R., Kagiya, G., Komura, M., Yuki, Y., Hiroishi, S., Watanabe, M. 2000 Molecular taxonomy of a bloom-forming cyanobacterial genus Microcystis. Bull. Plankton Soc. Japan, 47, 25-33 (in Japanese with English summary).
Keywords: cyanobacteria; Microcystis; bacterial criteria; molecular analysis
Strain(s): 6878889909198991001011021041051061081091101111122982996041055106110681076109010911105112211421164 
Kondo, R., Kagiya, G., Yuki, Y., Hiroishi, S., Watanabe, M. 1998 Taxonomy of a bloom-forming cyanobacterial genus Microcystis. Nippon Suisan Gakkaishi, 64, 291-292 (in Japanese with English title).
Strain(s): 87888990919899100101102104105106107108109110111112298299604 
Kondo, R., Komura, M., Hiroishi, S., Hata, Y. 1998 Detection and 16S rDNA sequence analysis of a bloom-forming cyanobacterial genus Microcystis. Fish. Sci., 64, 840-841.
Keywords: Microcystis; 16S rDNA; PCR
Strain(s): 107112 
DOI: 10.2331/fishsci.64.840
Kondo, R., Okamura, T. 2017 Growth and grazing kinetics of the facultative anaerobic nanoflagellate, Suigetsumonas clinomigrationis. Microbes Environ., 32, 80-83.
Keywords: anaerobic flagellate; growth rate; ingestion rate; Lake Suigetsu
Strain(s): 3647 
PubMed: 28190796
DOI: 10.1264/jsme2.ME16113
Kondo, R., Yoshida, T., Yuki, Y., Hiroishi, S. 2000 DNA-DNA reassociation among a bloom-forming cyanobacterial genus, Microcystis. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 50, 767-770.
Keywords: DNA hybridization; DNA G+C content; cyanobacteria; Microcystis
Strain(s): 878998102104111112298604 
Kong, F., Yamasaki, T., Kurniasih, S. D., Hou, L., Li, X., Ivanova, N., Okada, S., Ohama, T. 2015 Robust expression of heterologous genes by selection marker fusion system in improved Chlamydomonas strains. Biotech. Bioeng., 120, 239-245.
Keywords: Transgene silencing; Position effect; Squalene synthase-like gene; Botryococcus braunii; Methyltransferase gene
Strain(s): 2235 
PubMed: 25660568
DOI: 10.1016/j.jbiosc.2015.01.005
Konno, R., Wakabayashi, A. 1987 Effects of chemical substance on the growth of algae [Sôrui no zôsyoku ni oyobosu kagakubusshitsu no eikyô]. Tokyo-to Kankyô Kagaku Kenkyûjo Nenpô. 1987, 4 pp. (in Japanese without English title).
Strain(s): 35 
Kooistra, W. H. C. F., Sarno, D., Balzano, S., Gu, H., Andersen, R. A., Zingone, A. 2008 Global diversity and biogeography of Skeletonema species (Bacillariophyta). Protist, 159, 177-193.
Keywords: biogeography; cryptic species; distribution; LSU rDNA; phytoplankton; Skeletonema costatum
Strain(s): 1617223323324 
PubMed: 18042429
DOI: 10.1016/j.protis.2007.09.004
Koskenniemi, K., Lyra, C., Rajaniemi-Wacklin, P., Jokela, J., Sivonen, K. 2007 Quantitative real-time PCR detection of toxic Nodularia cyanobacteria in the Baltic Sea. Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 73, 2173-2179.
Strain(s): 8189102 
PubMed: 17277219
DOI: 10.1128/AEM.02746-06
Kotzabasis, K., Schuering, M., Senger, H. 1989 Occurrence of protochlorophyll and its phototransformation to chlorophyll in mutant C-2A' of Scenedesmus obliquus. Physiol. Plant., 75, 221-226.
Keywords: green algae; phototransformation; protochlorophyllide; protochlorophyllide reductase; Scenedesmus obliquus
Strain(s): 2280 
DOI: 10.1111/j.1399-3054.1989.tb06172.x
Koumura, Y., Suzuki, T., Yoshikawa, S., Watanabe, M., Iseki, M. 2004 The origin of photoactivated adenylyl cyclase (PAC), the Euglena blue-light receptor: phylogenetic analysis of orthologues of PAC subunits from several euglenoids and trypanosome-type adenylyl cyclases from Euglena gracilis. Photochem. Photobiol. Sci., 3, 580-586.
Strain(s): 48381 
PubMed: 5170488
DOI: 10.1039/b316075k
Krausfeldt, L. E., Farmer, A. T., Castro, H. F., Boyer, G. L., Campagna, S. R., Wilhelm, S. W. 2020 Nitrogen flux into metabolites and microcystins changes in response to different nitrogen sources in Microcystis aeruginosa NIES‐843. Environ. Microbiol., 22, 2419-2431.
Strain(s): 843 
PubMed: 32338427
DOI: 10.1111/1462-2920.15032
Krienitz, L., Bock, C., Nozaki, H., Wolf, M. 2011 SSU rRNA gene phylogeny of morphospecies affiliated to the bioassay alga "Selenastrum capricornutum" recovered the polyphyletic origin of crescent-shaped Chlorophyta. J. Phycol., 47, 880-893.
Keywords: Kirchneriella; Neocystis mucosa sp. nov..; Nephrochlamys; Raphidocelis; Rhombocystis; Selenastrum; SSU rRNA gene phylogeny; taxonomy; Tetranephris; ultrastructure
Strain(s): 2708270927102711271227132714 
PubMed: 27020023
DOI: 10.1111/j.1529-8817.2011.01010.x
Krupnik, T., Kotabová, E., van Bezouwen, L. S., Mazur, R., Garstka, M., Nixon, P. J., Barber, J., Kaňa, R., Boekema, E. J., Kargul, J. 2013 A reaction center-dependent photoprotection mechanism in a highly robust photosystem II from an extremophilic red alga, Cyanidioschyzon merolae. J. Biol. Chem., 288, 23529-23542.
Strain(s): 1332 
DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M113.484659
Krupnik, T., Wasilewska, W., Drożak, A., Romanowska, E., Zienkiewicz, M. 2018 Application of chloroplast promoters of Cyanidioschyzon merolae for exogenous protein expression. Algae, 33, 351-358.
Keywords: chloroplast promoters; chloroplast transformation; Cyanidioschyzon merolae
Strain(s): 1332 
DOI: 10.4490/algae.2018.33.12.5
Kuang, X., Peng, L., Chen, A., Xeng, Q., Luo, S., Shao, J. 2019 Enhancement mechanisms of copper(II) adsorption onto kaolinite by extracellular polymeric substances of Microcystis aeruginosa (cyanobacterium). Int. Biodeterior. Biodegrad., 138, 8-14.
Keywords: Microcystis aeruginosa; Extracellular polymeric substances; Copper(II); Adsorption kinetics; Adsorption isotherm
Strain(s): 843 
DOI: 10.1016/j.ibiod.2018.12.009
Kubo, T., Abe, J.,  Saito, T., Matsuda, Y. 2002 Genealogical relationships among laboratory strains of Chlamydomonas reinhardtii as inferred from matrix metalloprotease genes. Curr. Genet., 41, 115-122.
Keywords: Chlamydomonas reinhardtii; Chlamydomonas smithii; matrix metalloprotease genes; molecular phylogeny
Strain(s): 2235 
PubMed: 12073093
DOI: 10.1007/s00294-002-0284-0
Kubo, T., Kato, N., Hosoya, K., Kaya, K. 2008 Effective determination method for a cyanobacterial neurotoxin, β-N-methylamino-L-alanine. Toxicon, 51, 1264-1268.
Keywords: Cyanobacteria; Neurotoxin; BMAA; LC–ESI-MS; HILIC; SIM
Strain(s): 88 
PubMed: 18407310
DOI: 10.1016/j.toxicon.2008.02.015
Kubo, T., Saito, T., Fukuzawa, H., Matsuda, Y. 2001 Two tandemly-located matrix metalloprotease genes with different expression patterns in the Chlamydomonas sexual cell cycle. Curr. Genet., 40, 136-143.
Keywords: cell wall degradation; Chlamydomonas reinhardtii; gametolysin; zygote-specific gene
Strain(s): 2235 
PubMed: 11680823
DOI: 10.1007/s002940100239
Kuchitsu, K., Oh-hama, T., Tsuzuki, M., Miyachi, S. 1987 Detection and characterization of acidic compartments (vacuoles) in Chlorella vulgaris 11h cells by 31P-in vivo NMR spectroscopy and cytochemical techniques. Arch. Mikrobiol., 148, 83-87.
Strain(s): 2160 
Kuchitsu, K., Tsuzuki, M., Miyachi, S. 1988 Changes of starch localization within the chloroplast induced by changes in CO2 concentration during growth of Chlamydomonas reinhardtii. Independent regulation of pyrenoid starch and stroma starch. Plant Cell Physiol., 29, 1269-1278.
Keywords: Chlamydomonas (Chlorophyta); chloroplast; CO2 concentration; pyrenoid; starch; stroma
Strain(s): 2235 
DOI: 10.1093/oxfordjournals.pcp.a077635
Kuchitsu, K., Tsuzuki, M., Miyachi, S. 1988 Characterization of the pyrenoid isolated from unicellular green alga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii. Particulate form of RuBisCO protein. Protoplasma, 144, 17-24.
Keywords: Chlamydomonas; pyrenoid; ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase (RuBisCO); stroma
Strain(s): 2235 
DOI: 10.1007/BF01320276
Kumagai, M., Takamura, Y., Yagi, O., Sudo, R. 1986 Interactions between Microcystis aeruginosa and Moraxella nonliquefaciens. Jpn. J. Limnol., 47, 219-228 (in Japanese with English summary).
Keywords: blue-green algae; Microcystis; interaction
Strain(s): 604 
Kumazaki, S., Akari, M., Hasegawa, M. 2013 Transformation of thylakoid membranes during differentiation from vegetative cell into heterocyst visualized by microscopic spectral imaging. Plant Physiol., 161, 1321-1333.
Strain(s): 2095 
PubMed: 23274239
DOI: 10.1104/pp.112.206680
Kume, N., Isono, T., Katoh, T. 1982 Stability of cyanobacterial phycobilisomes in reference to their concentration. Photobiochem. Photobiophys., 4, 25-37.
Strain(s): 2093 
Kume, N., Katoh, T. 1982 Dissociation kinetics of Anabaena phycobilisomes. Plant Cell Physiol., 23, 803-812.
Keywords: Anabaena variabilis; blue-green alga; dissociation kinetics; molecular assembly; phycobiliprotein; phycobilisome
Strain(s): 2093 
DOI: 10.1093/oxfordjournals.pcp.a076414
Kuno, S., Yoshida, T., Kamikawa, R., Hosoda, N., Sako, Y. 2010 The distribution of a phage-related insertion sequence element in the cyanobacterium, Microcystis aeruginosa. Microbes Environ., 25, 295-301.
Keywords: cyanobacteria; Microcystis; cyanophage; insertion sequence; horizontal gene transfer
Strain(s): 90919899101102112298604843105810671070108610981105 
DOI: 10.1264/jsme2.ME10125
Kunugi, M., Matsumoto, M., Kondo, K. 2010 Effect of culture conditions on production of useful materials by Haematococcus pluvialis. Bull. Soc. Sea Water Sci., Jpn, 64, 297-304.
Keywords: biomass; microalgae; carbon dioxide; useful material production
Strain(s): 144 
Kunugi, M., Satoh. S., Ihara. K., Shibata. K., Yamagishi. Y., Kogame. K., Obokata. J., Takabayashi. A., Tanaka. A. 2016 Evolution of green plants accompanied changes in light-harvesting systems. Plant Cell Physiol., 57, 1231-1243.
Keywords: Evolution; Green algae; Land plants; Light adaptation; Photosystem
Strain(s): 254141925412582 
PubMed: 27057002
DOI: 10.1093/pcp/pcw071
Kuramoto, T., Iwamoto, K., Izumi, M., Kirihata, M., Yoshizako, F. 1999 Asymmetric reduction of ethyl 2-methyl 3-oxobutanoate by Chlorella. Biosci. Biotechnol. Biochem., 63, 598-601.
Keywords: Chlorella; asymmetric reduction; ethyl 2-methyl 3-oxobutanoate; (2S, 3S)-ethyl 2-methyl 3-hydroxybutanoate; (2S, 3R)-ethyl 2-methyl 3-hydroxybutanoate
Strain(s): 226227 
PubMed: 10227152
DOI: 10.1271/bbb.63.598
Kuroda, M., Horino, T., Inoue, D., Morikawa, M., Ike, M. 2018 Biomass production and nutrient removal through cultivation of Euglena gracilis in domestic wastewater. Jpn. J. Water Treat. Biol., 54, 105-113.
Keywords: Euglena gracilis; biomass production; domestic wastewater; nutrient removal
Strain(s): 48 
DOI: 10.2521/jswtb.54.105
Kuroiwa, T. 1998 The primitive red algae Cyanidium caldarium and Cyanidioschyzon merolae as model system for investigating the dividing apparatus of mitochondria and plastids. Bioessays, 20, 344-354.
Strain(s): 3377 
DOI: 10.1002/(SICI)1521-1878(199804)20:4<344::AID-BIES11>3.0.CO;2-2
Kuroiwa, T., Kuroiwa, H., Sakai, A., Takahashi, H., Toda, K., Itoh, R. 1998 The division apparatus of plastids and mitochondria. Int. Rev. Cytol., 181, 1-41.
Keywords: Cytokinesis; Organellokinesis; Organelle division; Mitochondrial division; Plastid division; FtsZ; Contractile ring; Cell division
Strain(s): 3377 
DOI: 10.1016/S0074-7696(08)60415-5
Kuroiwa, T., Ohnuma, M., Imoto, Y., Misumi, O., Nagata, N., Miyakawa, I., Fujishima, M., Yagisawa, F., Kuroiwa, H. 2016 Genome size of the ultrasmall unicellular freshwater green alga, Medakamo hakoo 311, as determined by staining with 4′,6-diamidino-2-phenylindole after microwave oven treatments: II. Comparison with Cyanidioschyzon merolae, Saccharomyces cerevisiae (n, 2n), and Chlorella variabilis. Cytologia, 81, 69-76.
Keywords: Ultrasmall genome size; Medakamo hakoo; Saccharyomyces cerevisiae; Chlorella variabilis; DAPI staining; Microwave oven
Strain(s): 3377 
DOI: 10.1508/cytologia.81.69
Kuroiwa, T., Ohnuma, M., Nozaki, H., Imoto, Y., Misumi, O., Kuroiwa, H. 2015 Cytological evidence of cell-nuclear genome size of a new ultra-small unicellular freshwater green alga, “Medakamo hakoo” strain M-hakoo 311 I. Comparison with Cyanidioschyzon merolae and Ostreococcus tauri. Cytologia, 80, 143-150.
Keywords: Ultra-small alga; Chlorophyte M. hakoo; Cyanidioschyzon merolae; Ostreococcus tauri; Genome size; Cytochemistry
Strain(s): 26733377 
DOI: 10.1508/cytologia.80.143
Kuroiwa, T., Suzuki, T., Ogawa, K., Kawano, S. 1981 The chloroplast nucleus: Distribution, number, size and shape, and a model for the multiplication of the chloroplast genome during chloroplast development. Plant Cell Physiol., 22, 381-396.
Keywords: chloroplast nuclei; classification (chloroplast); development (Chloroplast); division cycle (chloroplast)
Strain(s): 472572 
DOI: 10.1093/oxfordjournals.pcp.a076181
Kuroiwa, Y., Al-Maamari, R. S., Tasaki, M., Okamura, K., Sueyoshi, M., Nakashima, A., Yoshida, E., Suzuki, K. 2014 Spirulina subsalsa var. salina var. nov.: Thermo-halotolerant cyanobacteria accumulating two kinds of compatible solute, originated from the Sultanate of Oman. J. Environ. Biotechnol., 14, 43-56.
Keywords: Spirulina subsalsa var. salina var. nov.; Halospirulina; halotolerant; glycine betamine; O-α-D-glucopyranosyl-(1→2)-glycerole
Strain(s): 3373 
Kushibiki, A., Yokoyama, A., Iwataki, M., Yokoyama, J., West, J. A., Hara, Y. 2012 New unicellular red alga, Bulboplastis apyrenoidosa gen. et sp. nov. (Rhodellophyceae, Rhodophyta) from the mangroves of Japan: Phylogenetic and ultrastructural observations. Phycol. Res., 60, 114-122.
Keywords: Bulboplastis apyrenoidosa; chloroplast; Golgi body; mannitol; nucleus-associated organelles; small subunit rDNA; ultrastructure; unicellular red alga
Strain(s): 2742 
DOI: 10.1111/j.1440-1835.2012.00643.x
Kusui, T., Itatsu, Y., Jin, J. 2017 Whole effluent toxicity assessment of industrial effluents. In Toxicity and biodegradation testing, Eds. by Bidoia, E. D. & Montagnolli, R. N., Humana Press, New York, NY, pp. 331-347.
Strain(s): 35 
DOI: 10.1007/978-1-4939-7425-2_17
Kusumi, T., Ooi, T., Watanabe, M. M. Takahashi, H., Kakisawa, H. 1987 Cyanoviridin RR, a toxin from the cyanobacterium (blue-green alga) Microcystis viridis. Tetrahedron Letters, 28, 4695-4698.
Strain(s): 102 
DOI: 10.1016/S0040-4039(00)96600-0
Kusumi, T., Takata, Y., Itatsu, Y., Zha, J. 2014 Whole effluent toxicity assessment of industrial effluents in Toyama, Japan with a battery of short-term chronic bioassays. J. Water Environ. Technol., 12, 55-63.
Keywords: aqquatic organism; ecotoxic effect; industrial effluent; whole effluent toxicity (WET)
Strain(s): 35 
DOI: 10.2965/jwet.2014.55
Kuwata, A., Yamada, K., Ichinomiya, M., Yoshikawa, S., Tragin, M., Vaulot, D., Lopes dos Santos, A. 2018 Bolidophyceae, a sister picoplanktonic group of diatoms – a review. Front. Mar. Sci., 5, 370 (article ID).
Keywords: bolidophyceae; parmales; diatoms; genetic diversity; mitosis; geographical distribution; seasonal dynamics and silicification
Strain(s): 25652682336933703371369937003701 
DOI: 10.3389/fmars.2018.00370
Kwak, H. S., Kim, J. Y. H., Sim, S. J. 2015 A microreactor system for cultivation of Haematococcus pluvialis and astaxanthin production. J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol., 15, 1618-1623.
Keywords: Astaxanthin; Haematococcus pluvialis; Microfluidic Devices; Nile Red; PDMS
Strain(s): 144 
PubMed: 26353702
DOI: 10.1166/jnn.2015.9321
Kato, T., Nakano, K., Sueyoshi, M., Tasaki, M., Kuroiwa, Y. 2020 Large-scale outdoor test of Chlorella culturing in raceway system in the Middle East. Shimizu Kensetsu Kenkyuhokoku, 97, 133-138 (in Japanese with English summary).
Strain(s): 2169 
Koga, T., Kashiwabara, M., Hirakawa, S., Shimizu, N., Ishibashi, Y. 2019 Development of an algal growth inhibition test as small-scale method for testing whole effluent toxicity. J. Environ. Chem., 29, 67-77 (in Japanese with English summary).
Keywords: whole effluent toxicity; algal growth inhibition; small-scale method
Strain(s): 35 
DOI: 10.5985/jec.29.67
Kohira, M., Matsumoto, T., Yamada, Y., Nanba, N., Kado, R. 2017 Effects of hydrogen peroxide on phytoplanktons, seaweed gametophytes, marine harpacticoid copepod and striped barnacle larvae. Sessile Organisms, 34, 1-12 (in Japanese with English summary).
Keywords: hydrogen peroxide; marine ecotoxicity; seaweed gametophytes; phytoplankton; zooplankton
Strain(s): 23532458613751429 
DOI: 10.4282/sosj.34.1
Komatsu, K., Onouchi, H., Imai, A., Kawasaki, N., Hashim, E. F., Mohd Rajuddin, M. K. 2019 Effects of dissolved organic matter in soil extracts on the growth of microalgae. J. Jpn. Soc. Wat. Environ., 42, 239-246 (in Japanese with English summary).
Keywords: Soil extracts; Microalgae; Microplate technique; Excitation emission matrix; Molecular size distribution
Strain(s): 39214521682170225622572258 
Kobayashi, N., Yukumoto, M. 2017 Improvement of micro algae yield by culture condition optimization. The 12th Conference on Biomass Science, 145-146 (in Japanese with English summary).
Strain(s): 96 
DOI: 10.20550/jiebiomassronbun.12.0_145
Kimura, J. 2011 Screening for allelopathic activity on algal growth. Bull. Hiroshima Pref. Tech. Res. Inst., Publ. Health Environ. Center, 19, 37-46 (in Japanese with English title).
Keywords: Microcystis; Chlorella; Nitzschia; growth inhibition; allelopathy
Strain(s): 88487642 
Kawachi, Y., Tomita, T., Matsunaga, N., Murase, N. 2015 Observation of Spirulina platensis during freeze-thawing for the purpose of establishment of cryopreservation protocol. Cryobiology and Cryotechnology, 61, 65-68 (in Japanese with English summary).
Strain(s): 46 
DOI: 10.20585/cryobolcryotechnol.61.1_65
Kuwata, A., Saitoh, K., Nakamura, Y., Ishinomiya, M., Sato, N. 2020 Draft whole-genome sequence of Triparma laevis f. inornata (Parmales, Bolidophyceae), isolated from the Oyashio region, Western North Pacific Ocean. Microbiol Resour Announc., 9, e00367-20 (article ID).
Strain(s): 2565 
DOI: 10.1128/MRA.00367-20
Kim, D., Li, W. C., Matsuyama, Y., Cho, K., Yamasaki, Y., Takeshita, S., Yamaguchi, K., Oda, T. 2019 Extremely high level of reactive oxygen species (ROS) production in a newly isolated strain of the dinoflagellate Karenia mikimotoi. Eur. J. Phycol., 54, 632-640.
Keywords: Algae; harmful dinoflagellate; hydrogen peroxide; Karenia mikimotoi; reactive oxygen species (ROS); rotifer toxicity
Strain(s): 2411 
DOI: 10.1080/09670262.2019.1632936
Kashiyama, Y. et al. 2019 Taming chlorophylls by early eukaryotes underpinned algal interactions and the diversification of the eukaryotes on the oxygenated Earth. ISME J., 13, 1899-1910.
Strain(s): 8254274286324331353381494623624997101210131015132013301333133413351372137713881390139613971408143814391441186819642008214221442149230023052325241124332498250225662584258625892590267728783374360437753876 
PubMed: 30809012
DOI: 10.1038/s41396-019-0377-0
Kuroda, A., Nakashima, T., Yamaguchi, K., Oda, T. 2005 Isolation and characterization of light-dependent hemolytic cytotoxin fromharmful red tide phytoplankton Chattonella marina. Comp. Biochem. Physiol. C-Pharmacol. Toxicol. Endocrinol., 141, 297-305.
Keywords: Red tide; Phytoplankton; Raphidophycean flagellate; Chattonella marina; Hemolysin; Photosensitizer; Pheophorbide a; Cytotoxin; Photodynamic therapy
Strain(s): 615 
PubMed: 16098818
DOI: 10.1016/j.cca.2005.07.009
Kayama, M., Chen, J.-F., Nakada, T., Nishimura, Y., Shikanai, T., Azuma, T., Miyashita, H., Takaichi, S., Kashiyama, Y., Kamikawa, R. 2020 A non-photosynthetic green alga illuminates the reductive evolution of plastid electron transport systems. BMC Biol., 18, 126 (article ID).
Keywords: Carotenoid; NADPH; Non-photosynthetic plastid; Plastoquinol; Plastid terminal oxidase; Transient RNA interference knockdown
Strain(s): 4405 
DOI: 10.1186/s12915-020-00853-w
Kurita, T., Moroi, K., Iwai, M., Okazaki, K., Shimizu, S., Nomura, S., Saito, F., Maeda, S., Takami, A., Sakamoto, A., Ohta, H., Sakuma, T., Yamamoto, T. 2020 Efficient and multiplexable genome editing using Platinum TALENs in oleaginous microalga, Nannochloropsis oceanica NIES‐2145. Genes Cells, ,
Strain(s): 2145 
PubMed: 32888368
DOI: 10.1111/gtc.12805

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