Strain number NIES-3377  
Phylum Rhodophyta  
Class Cyanidiophyceae  
Scientific name Cyanidioschyzon merolae De Luca, Taddei & Varano  
Synonym  
Former name  
Common name Red alga  
Locality (Date of collection) Sardinia Isl. Italy  
Latitude / Longitude  
Habitat (Isolation source) Hot spring (Water)  
History < Toda, Kyoko  
Isolator (Date of isolation) Toda, Kyoko  
Identified by  
State of strain Cryopreservation; Unialgal; Clonal; Axenic  
Culture condition
(Preculture condition)
Medium:  M-Allen  
Temperature:  37 C
Light intensity:  10-11 µmol photons/m2/sec, L/D cycle:  10L:14D
Duration:  6 M  
Gene information Mitochondria DNA ( D89861 ) , Nuclear DNA (chromosome 1-20) ( AP006483-AP006502 ) , Plastid DNA ( AB002583 ) , chromosome ubassaugned contigs ( AP006600-AP006614 ) , aladh ( AB159599 ) , atpC ( AB159600 ) , gnd ( AB159595 AB159596 ) , Hsp70 ( AB095185 ) , Hsp90 ( AB095179 AB095186 ) , pgk ( AB159598 ) , psbO ( AB159597 ) , RPB1 ( AB095180 AB095187 ) , RpS8b ( AB095181 AB095188 ) , TPI ( AB095182 AB095189 ) , VatA ( AB095183 AB095190 ) , VatB ( AB095184 AB095191 )  
Cell size (min - max) 2 - 4 μm  
Organization Unicellular 
Characteristics Planktonic ; Thermophilic ; Acidophilic ; Phototaxic ; Genome decoded strain  
Other strain no. Other strain no. : 10D  
Remarks Cryopreserved; Purified strain from NIES-1332; Fragile species to temperature changes 
Movie  
Reference
Zienkiewicz, M., Krupnik, T., Drożak, A., Golke, A., Romanowska, E. 2017 Chloramphenicol acetyltransferase a new selectable marker in stable nuclear transformation of the red alga Cyanidioschyzon merolae. Protoplasma, 254, 587-596.
Keywords: Cyanidioschyzon merolae; Chloramphenicol acetyltransferase (CAT) stable genome transformation
Strain(s): 3377 
PubMed: 26715590
DOI: 10.1007/s00709-015-0936-9

Sumiya, N., Fujiwara, T., Era, A., Miyagishima, SY. 2016 Chloroplast division checkpoint in eukaryotic algae. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A., 113, E7629-E7638 (article ID).
Keywords: chloroplast division; algal cell cycle; Cyanidioschyzon merolae; Cyanophora paradoxa
Strain(s): 5473377 
DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1612872113

Fujiwara, T., Kanesaki, Y., Hirooka, S., Era, A., Sumiya, N., Yoshikawa, H., Tanaka, K., Miyagishima, S. 2015 A nitrogen source-dependent inducible and repressible gene expression system in the red alga Cyanidioschyzon merolae. Front. Plant Sci., 6, 657 (article ID).
Keywords: algae; plants; homologous recombination; conditional knockdown; gene inducible system
Strain(s): 3377 
DOI: 10.3389/fpls.2015.00657

Kuroiwa, T., Ohnuma, M., Nozaki, H., Imoto, Y., Misumi, O., Kuroiwa, H. 2015 Cytological evidence of cell-nuclear genome size of a new ultra-small unicellular freshwater green alga, “Medakamo hakoo” strain M-hakoo 311 I. Comparison with Cyanidioschyzon merolae and Ostreococcus tauri. Cytologia, 80, 143-150.
Keywords: Ultra-small alga; Chlorophyte M. hakoo; Cyanidioschyzon merolae; Ostreococcus tauri; Genome size; Cytochemistry
Strain(s): 26733377 
DOI: 10.1508/cytologia.80.143

Miyashita, S., Groombridge, A. S., Fujii, S., Minoda, A., Takatsu, A., Hioki, A., Chiba, K., Inagaki, K. 2014 Highly efficient single-cell analysis of microbial cells by time-resolved inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry. J. Anal. At. Spectrom., 29, 1598-1606.
Strain(s): 3377 

Yoshida, Y., Fujiwara, T., Imoto, Y., Yoshida, M., Ohnuma, M., Hirooka, S., Misumi, O., Kuroiwa, H., Kato, S., Matsunaga, S., Kuroiwa, T. 2013 The kinesin-like protein TOP promotes Aurora localisation and induces mitochondrial, chloroplast and nuclear division. J. Cell Sci., 126, 2392-2400.
Keywords: Cell-division cycle, Cyanidioschyzon merolae; Kinesin; Mitochondrial division; Plastid division
Strain(s): 3377 
PubMed: 23549784
DOI: 10.1242/jcs.116798

Imoto, Y., Kuroiwa, H., Yoshida, Y., Ohnuma, M., Fujiwara, T., Yoshida, M., Nishida, K., Yagisawa, F., Hirooka, S., Miyagishima, S.Y., Misumi, O., Kawano, S., Kuroiwa, T. 2013 Single-membrane-bound peroxisome division revealed by isolation of dynamin-based machinery. Proc. Nati. Acad. Sci. U. S. A., 110, 9583-9588.
Strain(s): 3377 
PubMed: 23696667
DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1303483110

Miyagishima, S., Suzuki, K., Okazaki, K., Kabeya, Y. 2012 Expression of the nucleus-encoded chloroplast division genes and proteins regulated by the algal cell cycle. Mol. Biol. Evol., 29, 2957-2970.
Keywords: cell cycle; chloroplast division; endosymbiosis; endosymbiotic gene transfer
Strain(s): 296484547133221703377 
PubMed: 22490821
DOI: 10.1093/molbev/mss102

Yoshida, Y., Miyagishima, S.-Y., Kuroiwa H., Kuroiwa, T. 2012 The plastid-dividing machinery: formation, constriction and fission. Curr. Opin. Plant Biol., 15, 714-721.
Strain(s): 3377 
PubMed: 22824141
DOI: 10.1016/j.pbi.2012.07.002

Kanesaki, Y., Imamura, S., Minoda, A., Tanaka, K. 2012 External light conditions and internal cell cycle phases coordinate accumulation of chloroplast and mitochondrial transcripts in the red alga Cyanidioschyzon merolae. DNA Res., 19, 289-303.
Keywords: cell cycle; clustering analysis; Cyanidioschyzon; organelle; transcriptome
Strain(s): 3377 
DOI: 10.1093/dnares/dss013

Ohnuma, M., Kuroiwa, T., Tanaka, K. 2011 Optimization of cryopreservation conditions for the unicellular red alga Cyanidioschyzon merolae. J. Gen. Appl. Micobiol.,, 57, 137-143.
Keywords: cryoinjury; cryopreservation; Cyanidioschyzon merolae; unicellular red alga
Strain(s): 13323377 

Takaichi, S. 2011 Carotenoids in algae: distributions, biosyntheses and functions. Mar. Drugs, 9, 1101-1118.
Keywords: algal phylogeny; biosynthesis of carotenoids; distribution of carotenoids; function of carotenoids; pigment-protein complex
Strain(s): 14413323377 
DOI: 10.3390/md9061101

Yoshida, Y., Kuroiwa, H., Misumi, O., Yoshida, M., Ohnuma, M., Fujiwara, T., Yagisawa, F., Hirooka, S., Imoto, Y., Matsushita, K., Kawano, S., Kuroiwa, T. 2010 Chloroplasts divide by contraction of a bundle of nanofilaments consisting of polyglucan. Science, 329, 949-953.
Strain(s): 3377 
PubMed: 20724635
DOI: 10.1126/science.1190791

Fujiwara, T., Kuroiwa, H., Yagisawa, F., Ohnuma, M., Yoshida, Y., Yoshida, M., Nishida, K., Misumi, O., Watanabe, S., Tanaka, K., Kuroiwa, T. 2010 The coiled-coil protein VIG1 is essential for tethering vacuoles to mitochondria during vacuole inheritance of Cyanidioschyzon merolae. Plant Cell, 22, 772-781.
Strain(s): 3377 
PubMed: 20348431
DOI: 10.1105/tpc.109.070227

Imamura, S., Terashita, M., Ohnuma, M., Maruyama, S., Minoda, A., Weber, A. P. M., Inouye, T., Sekine, Y., Fujita, Y., Omata, T., Tanaka, K. 2010 Nitrate assimilatory genes and their transcriptional regulation in a unicellular red alga Cyanidioschyzon merolae: genetic evidence for nitrite reduction by a sulfite reductase-like enzyme. Plant Cell Physiol., 51, 707-717.
Keywords: Cyanidioschyzon merolae; Nitrate assimilation; Nitrite reductase; Nitrogen regulation; Red alga; Sulfite reductase
Strain(s): 3377 

Busch, A., Nield, J., Hippler, M. 2010 The composition and structure of photosystem I-associatied antenna from Cyanidioschyzon merolae. Plant J., 62, 886-897.
Keywords: Cyanidioschyzon merolae; Lhcr; photosystem I; phycobilisomes; proteomics
Strain(s): 3377 
PubMed: 20230507
DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-313X.2010.04202.x

Minoda, A., Weber, A. P. M., Tanaka, K., Miyagishima, S. 2010 Nucleus-independent control of the rubisco operon by the plastid-encoded transcription factor Ycf30 in the red alga Cyanidioschyzon merolae. Plant Physiol., 154, 1532-1540.
Strain(s): 3377 
DOI: 10.1104/pp.110.163188

Imamura, S., Kanesaki, Y., Ohnuma, M., Inouye, T., Sekine, Y., Fujiwara, T., Kuroiwa, T., Tanaka, K. 2009 R2R3-type MYB transcription factor, CmMYB1, is a central nitrogen assimilation regulator in Cyanidioschyzon merolae. Proc. Nati. Acad. Sci. U. S. A., 106, 12548-12553.
Strain(s): 3377 
PubMed: 1959251
DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0902790106

Fujiwara, T., Misumi, O., Tashiro, K., Yoshida, Y., Nishida, K., Yagisawa, F., Imamura, S., Yoshida, M., Mori, T., Tanaka, K., Kuroiwa, T. 2009 Peirodic gene expression patterns du9iring the highly synchronized cell nucleus and organelle division cycles in the unicellular red alga Cyanidioschyzon merolae. DNA Res., 16, 59-72.
Keywords: cell cycle; microarray; mitochondria-plastid division genes; organelle division genes; Cyanidioschyzon merolae
Strain(s): 3377 

Kobayashi, Y., Kanesaki, Y., Tanaka, A., Kuroiwa, H., Kuroiwa, T., Tanaka, K. 2009 Tetrapyrole signal as a cell cycle coordinator from organelle to nuclear DNA replication in plant cells. Proc. Nati. Acad. Sci. U. S. A., 106, 803-807.
Strain(s): 3377 
PubMed: 19141634
DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0804270105

Yagisawa, F., Nishida, K., Yoshida, M., Ohnuma, N., Shimada, T., Fujiwara, T., Yoshida, Y., Misumi, O., Kuroiwa, H., Kuroiwa, T. 2009 Identification of novel proteins in isolated polyphosphate vacuoles in the primitive red alga Cyanidioschyzon merolae. Plant J., 60, 882-893.
Keywords: polyphosphate; vacuole; primitive; Cyanidioschyzon; isolation; mass spectrometry (MS)
Strain(s): 3377 
PubMed: 19709388
DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-313X.2009.04008.x

Yoshida, Y., Kuroiwa, H., Hirooka, S., Fujiwara, T., Ohnuma, M., Yoshida, M., Misumi, O., Kawano, S., Kuroiwa, T. 2009 The bacterial ZapA-like protein ZED is required for mitochondrial division. Curr. Biol., 19, 1491-1497.
Strain(s): 3377 
PubMed: 19699094
DOI: 10.1016/j.cub.2009.07.035

Ohnuma, M., Misumi, O., Fujiwara, T., Watanabe, S., Tanaka, K., Kuroiwa, T. 2009 Transient gene suppression in a red alga, Cyanidioschyzon merolae 10D. Protoplasma, 236, 107-112.
Keywords: Antisense suppression; Cyanidioschyzon merolae; Catalase; GFP; Transformation
Strain(s): 3377 

Ohnuma, M., Yokoyama, T., Inouye, T., Sekine, Y., Tanaka, K. 2008 Polyethylene glycol (PEG)-mediated transient gene expression in a Red Alga, Cyanidioschyzon merolae 10D. Plant Cell Physiol., 49, 117-120.
Keywords: Cyanidioschyzon merolae; Hemagglutinin; Polyethylene glycol; Transformation; Transient expression system
Strain(s): 3377 

Shirabe, T., Ito, K., Yoshimura, E. 2008 Dequenching of Cu(I)-bathocuproinedisulfonate complexes for high-performance liquid chromatographic determination of phytochelatins, heavy-metal-binding peptides produced by the primitive red alga Cyanidioschyzon merolae. Anal. Chem., 80, 9360-9362.
Strain(s): 3377 
DOI: 10.1021/ac801741b

Imamura, S., Hanaoka, M., Tanaka, K. 2008 The plant-specific TFIIB-related protein, pBrp, is a general transcription factor for RNA polymerase I. EMBO J., 27, 2317-2327.
Strain(s): 3377 
PubMed: 18668124
DOI: 10.1038/emboj.2008.151

Nozaki, H., Takano, H., Misumi, O., Terasawa, K., Matsuzaki, M., Maruyama, S., Nishida, K., Yagisawa, F., Yoshida, Y., Fujiwara, T., Takio, S., Tamura, K., Chung, S. J., Nakamura, S., Kuroiwa, H., Tanaka, K., Sato, N., Kuroiwa, T. 2007 A 100%-complete sequence reveals unusually simple genomic features in the hot-spring red alga Cyanidioschyzon merolae. BMC Biol., 5, 28 (article ID).
Strain(s): 13323377 
DOI: 10.1186/1741-7007-5-28

Cunningham, Jr., F. X., Lee, H., Gantt, E. 2007 Carotenoid biosynthesis in the primitive red alga Cyanidioschyzon merolae. Eukaryot. Cell, 6, 533-545.
Strain(s): 13323377 

Nishida, K., Yagisawa, F., Kuroiwa, H., Yoshida, Y., Kuroiwa, T. 2007 WD40 protein Mda1 is purified with Dnm1 and forms a dividing ring for mitochondria before Dnm1 in Cyanidioschyzon merolae. Proc. Nati. Acad. Sci. U. S. A., 104, 4736-4741.
Strain(s): 3377 
PubMed: 17360593
DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0609364104

Maruyama, S., Misumi, O., Ishii, Y., Asakawa, S., Shimizu, A., Sasaki, T., Matsuzaki, M., Shin-i, T., Nozaki, H., Kohara, Y., Shimizu, N., Kuroiwa, T. 2007 Centromere dynamics in the primitive red alga Cyanidioschyzon merolae. Plant J., 49, 1122-1129.
Keywords: centromere; CENH3; chromosome segregation; Cyanidioschyzon merolae
Strain(s): 3377 
PubMed: 17319844
DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-313X.2006.03024.x

Sato, N., Moriyama, T. 2007 Genomic and biochemical analysis of lipid biosynthesis in the unicellular Rhodophyte Cyanidioschyzon merolae: lack of a plastidic desaturation pathway results in the coupled pathway of galactolipid synthesis. Eukaryot. Cell, 6, 1006-1017.
Strain(s): 3377 

Hamana, K., Niitsu, M. 2006 Cellular polyamines of lower eukaryotes belonging to the phyla Glaucophyta, Rhodophyta, Cryptophyta, Haptophyta and Percolozoa. J. Gen. Appl. Microbiol., 52, 235-240.
Keywords: Cryptophyta; Glaucophyta; Haptophyta; Perclozoa; polyamine; Rhodophyta
Strain(s): 827427627728235338869970671574176376410161017103210361332144114561457146214631467147315163377 

Nishida, K., Yagisawa, F., Kuroiwa, H., Nagata, T., Kuroiwa, T. 2006 Isolated chloroplast division machinery can actively constrict after stretching. Science, 313, 1435-1438.
Strain(s): 3377 
PubMed: 16960006
DOI: 10.1126/science.1129689

Terashita, M., Maruyama, S., Tanaka, K. 2006 Cytoplasmic localization of the single glutamine synthetase in a unicellular red alga, Cyanidioschyzon merolae 10D. Biosci. Biotechnol. Biochem., 70, 2313-2315.
Keywords: Cyanidioschyzon merolae; glutamine synthetase; localization; nitrogen assimilation; red alga
Strain(s): 3377 

Nozaki, H., Matsuzaki, M., Misumi, O., Kuroiwa, H., Higashiyama, T., Kuroiwa, T. 2005 Phylogenetic implications of the CAD complex from the primitive red alga Cyanidioschyzon merolae (Cyanidiales, Rhodophyta). J. Phycol., 41, 652-657.
Keywords: CAD complex; evolution; phylogeny; red algae; pyrimidine biosynthetic cluster
Strain(s): 13323377 

Misumi, O., Matsuzaki, M., Nozaki, H., Miyagishima, S., Mori, T., Nishida, K., Yagisawa, F., Yoshida, Y., Kuroiwa, H., Kuroiwa, T. 2005 Cyanidioschyzon merolae genome A tool for facilitating comparable studies on organelle biogenesis in photosynthetic eukaryotes. Plant Physiol., 137, 567-585.
Strain(s): 3377 
DOI: 10.1104/pp.104.053991

Nishida, K., Yagisawa, F., Kuroiwa, H., Nagata, T., Kuroiwa, T. 2005 Cell cycle-regulated, microtubule-independent organelle division in Cyanidioschyzon merolae. Mol. Biol. Cell, 16, 2493-2502.
Strain(s): 3377 
DOI: 10.1091/mbc.E05-01-0068

Minoda, A., Nagasawa, K., Hanaoka, M., Horiuchi, M., Takahashi, H., Tanaka, K. 2005 Microarray profiling of plastid gene expression in a unicellular red alga, Cyanidioschyzon merolae. Plant Mol. Biol., 59, 375-385.
Keywords: Cyanidioschyzon merolae; microarray; photosynthesis; plastid; red algae; sigma factor
Strain(s): 3377 

Matsuzaki, M., Misumi, O., Shin-i, T., Maruyama, S., Takahara, M., Miyagishima, S., Mori, T., Nishida, K., Yagisawa, F., Nishida, K., Yoshida, Y., Nishimura, Y., Nakao, S., Kobayashi, T., Momoyama, Y., Higashiyama, T., Minoda, A., Sano, M., Nomoto, H., Oishi, K., Hayashi, H., Ohta, F., Nishizaka, S., Haga, S., Miura, S., Morishita, T., Kabeya, Y., Terasawa, K., Suzuki, Y., Ishii, Y., Asakawa, S., Takano, H., Ohta, N., Kuroiwa, H., Tanaka, K., Shimizu, N., Sugano, S., Sato, N., Nozaki, H., Ogasawara, N., Kohara, Y., Kuroiwa, T. 2004 Genome sequence of the ultrasmall unicellular red alga Cyanidioschyzon merolae 10D. Nature, 428, 653-657.
Strain(s): 13323377 
PubMed: 15071595
DOI: 10.1038/nature02398

Nozaki, H., Matsuzaki, M., Misumi, O., Kuroiwa, H., Hasegawa, M., Higashiyama, T., Shin-i, T., Kohara, Y., Ogasawara, N., Kuroiwa, T. 2004 Cyanobarterial genes transmitted to the nucleus before divergence of red algae in the Chromista. J. Mol. Evol., 59, 103-113.
Keywords: Chromista; cyanobacterial nuclear genes; phylogeny; plastids; primary endosymbiosis; secondary endosymbiosis
Strain(s): 13323377 

Maruyama, S., Misumi, O., Ishii, Y., Asakawa, S., Shimizu, A., Sasaki, T., Matsuzaki, M., Shin-I, T., Nozaki, H., Kohara, Y., Shimizu, N., Kuroiwa, T. 2004 The minimal eukaryotic ribosomal DNA units in the primitive red algae Cyanidioschyzon merolae. DNA Res., 11, 83-91.
Keywords: BAC library; Genome organization; Nucleolus
Strain(s): 3377 

Nishiida, K., Misumi, O., Yagisawa, F., Kuroiwa, H., Nagata, T., Kuroiwa, T. 2004 Triple Immunofluorescent Labeling of FtsZ, Dynamin, and EF-Tu revealed a loose association between the inner and outer membrane mitochondrial division machinery in the red alga Cyanidioschyzon merolae. J. Histochem. Cytochem., 52, 1-7.
Keywords: FtsZ; dynamin; elongation factor; Tu; mitochondrial division; Cyanidioschyzon merolae; Alexa; triple immunofluorescence
Strain(s): 3377 

Minoda, A., Sakagami, R., Yagisawa, F., Kuroiwa, T., Tanaka, K. 2004 Improvement of culture conditions and evidence for nuclear transformation by homologous recombination in a red alga, Cyanidioschyzon merolae 10D. Plant Cell Physiol., 45, 667-671.
Keywords: Cultivation; — Cyanidioschyzon merolae; 5-FOA resistance; Homologous recombination; Red algae; Transformation
Strain(s): 3377 

Ohta, N., Matsuzaki, M., Misumi, O., Miyagishima, S., Nozaki, H., Tanaka, K., Shin-I, T., Kohara, Y., Kuroiwa, T. 2003 Complete sequence and analysis of the plastid genome of the unicellular red alga Cyanidioschyzon merolae. DNA Res., 10, 67-77.
Keywords: Cyanidioschyzon merolae; red algae; plastid; genome sequencing
Strain(s): 13323377 
PubMed: 12755171
DOI: 10.1093/dnares/10.2.67

Nozaki, H., Matsuzaki, M., Takahara, M., Misumi, O., Kuroiwa, H., Hasegawa, M., Shin-i, T., Kohara, Y., Ogasawara, N., Kuroiwa, T. 2003 The phylogenetic position of red algae revealed by multiple nuclear genes from mitochondria-containing eukaryotes and an alternative hypothesis on the origin of plastids. J. Mol. Evol., 56, 485-497.
Keywords: eukaryotes; evolution; nuclear genes; outgroup; phylogeny; plantae; plastid; protein-coding genes; red algae
Strain(s): 13323377 

Miyaghishim, S., Nishida, K., Mori, T., Matsuzaki, M., Higashiyama, T., Kuroiwa, H., Kuroiwa, T. 2003 A plant-specific dynamin-related protein forms a ring at the chloroplast division site. Plant Cell, 15, 655-665.
Strain(s): 3377 
PubMed: 12615939
DOI: 10.1105/tpc.009373

Nishida, K., Takahara M., Miyagishima S., Kuroiwa H., Matsuzaki M., Kuroiwa, T. 2003 Dynamic recruitment of dynamin for final mitochondrial severance in a red alga. Proc. Nati. Acad. Sci. U. S. A., 100, 2146-2151.
Strain(s): 3377 
PubMed: 12566569
DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0436886100

Kobayashi, T. Takahara, M., Miyagishima, S, Kuroiwa, H., Sasaki, N., Ohta, N., Kuroiwa, T. 2002 Detection and localization of a chloroplast-encoded HU-like protein that may organize chloroplast nucleoids. Plant Cell, 14, 1579-1589.
Strain(s): 3377 
PubMed: 12119376
DOI: 10.1105/tpc.002717

Miyagishima, S., Takahara, M., Mori, T., Kuroiwa, H., Higashiyama, T., Kuroiwa, T. 2001b Plastid division is driven by a complex mechanism that involves differential transition of the bacterial and eukaryotic division rings. Plant Cell, 13, 2257-2268.
Strain(s): 3377 
PubMed: 11595800
DOI: 10.1105/tpc.010185

Miyagishima, S., Takahara, M., Kuroiwa, T. 2001a Novel filaments 5 nm diameter constitute the cytosolic ring of the plastid division apparatus. Plant Cell, 13, 707-721.
Strain(s): 3377 
PubMed: 11251107
DOI: 10.1105/tpc.13.3.707

Toda, K., Takano, H., Nozaki, H., Kuroiwa, T. 2001 The second serine acetyltransferase, bacterial-type O-acetylserine (thiol) lyase and eukaryotic-type O-acetylserine (thiol) lyase from the primitive red alga Cyanidioschyzon merolae. J. Plant Res., 114, 291-300.
Keywords: Cysteine synthesis; Serine acetyltransferase; O-acetylserine (thiol) lyase; Primitive red alga; Cyanidioschyzon merolae
Strain(s): 3377 
DOI: 10.1007/PL00013990

Takahara, M., Takahashi, H., Matsunaga, S., Miyagishima, S., Takano, H., Sakai, A., Kawano, S., Kuroiwa, T. 2000 A putative mitochondrial ftsZ gene is present in the unicellular primitive red alga Cyanidioschyzon merolae. Mol. Gen. Genet., 264, 452-460.
Keywords: Cyanidioschyzon merolae; ftsZ; Mitochondrial division; Plastid division; Primitive red alga
Strain(s): 3377 

Ohta, N., Sato, N., Kuroiwa, T. 1999 The organellar genomes of Cyanidioschyzon merolae. In Enigmatic Microorganisms and Life in Extreme Environments, Ed. by Seckbach,J., Kluwer Academic Publishers, 139-149.
Strain(s): 3377 

Ohta, N., Sato, N., Kuroiwa, T. 1998 Structure and organization of the mitochondrial genome of the unicellular red alga Cyanidioschyzon merolae deduced from the complete nucleotide sequence. Nucleic Acids Res., 26, 5190-5198.
Strain(s): 13323377 

Kuroiwa, T., Kuroiwa, H., Sakai, A., Takahashi, H., Toda, K., Itoh, R. 1998 The division apparatus of plastids and mitochondria. Int. Rev. Cytol., 181, 1-41.
Keywords: Cytokinesis; Organellokinesis; Organelle division; Mitochondrial division; Plastid division; FtsZ; Contractile ring; Cell division
Strain(s): 3377 
DOI: 10.1016/S0074-7696(08)60415-5

Kuroiwa, T. 1998 The primitive red algae Cyanidium caldarium and Cyanidioschyzon merolae as model system for investigating the dividing apparatus of mitochondria and plastids. Bioessays, 20, 344-354.
Strain(s): 3377 
DOI: 10.1002/(SICI)1521-1878(199804)20:4<344::AID-BIES11>3.0.CO;2-2

Ohta, N., Satao, N., Ueda, K., Kuroiwa, T. 1997 Analysis of a plastid gene cluster reveals a close relationship between Cyanidioschyzon and Cyanidium. J. Plant Res., 110, 235-245.
Keywords: Cyanidioschyzon merolae; Cyanidium caldarium; Plastid genome; Rhodophyta
Strain(s): 3377 

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