Strain number NIES-81  
Phylum Cyanophyta  
Class Cyanophyceae  
Scientific name Aphanizomenon flos-aquae (L.) Ralfs ex Bornet & Flahault f. gracile (Lemmermann) Elenkin  
Synonym -----  
Former name  
Common name Blue-green alga ; Cyanobacteria  
Locality (Date of collection) Lake Kasumigaura Ibaraki Japan (1978-01-24)  
Latitude / Longitude 36.0428477398 / 140.373233439 
Habitat (Isolation source) Freshwater (Lake water)  
History < TAC;  
Isolator (Date of isolation) Watanabe, Masayuki (1978-02-15)  
Identified by Watanabe, Masayuki  
State of strain Cryopreservation; Unialgal; Clonal; Axenic[2014 Jan.]  
Culture condition
(Preculture condition)
Medium:  CB  
Temperature:  25 C
Light intensity:  20-25 µmol photons/m2/sec, L/D cycle:  10L:14D
Duration:  20 D  
Gene information Whole-genome ( AZYY00000000 ) , 16S rRNA ( AF317632 AJ293131 AY038035 ) , rbcL, rbcX ( AJ293170 ) , ITS1 ( AJ293213 )  
Cell size (min - max) - 5 μm  
Characteristics Cyanobacterial water bloom (aoko) ; Draft genome sequence (Cao, H. et al. 2014)  
Other strain no. Other strain no. : TAC 1 (K-TAN-1)  
Remarks Cryopreserved 
Chiu, Y.-T., Yen, H.-K., Lin, T.-F. 2016 An alternativemethodtoquantify2-MIB producing cyanobacteriain in drinking water reservoirs: Method development and field applications. Environ. Res., 151, 618-627.
Keywords: Cyanobacteria; 2-methylisoborneol(2-MIB); 2-MIB-synthesis gene(mibC gene); Tasteandodor; Real-timePCR
Strain(s): 8151282490521042116 
DOI: 10.1016/j.envres.2016.08.034

Cao, H., Shimura, Y., Kawachi, M., Yin, Y. 2014 Draft genome sequence of the toxic bloom-forming cyanobacterium Aphanizomenon flos-aquae NIES-81. GenomeA, 2, e00044-14 (article ID).
Strain(s): 81 
DOI: 10.1128/genomeA.00044-14

Koskenniemi, K., Lyra, C., Rajaniemi-Wacklin, P., Jokela, J., Sivonen, K. 2007 Quantitative real-time PCR detection of toxic Nodularia cyanobacteria in the Baltic Sea. Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 73, 2173-2179.
Strain(s): 8189102 

Hosoya, R., Hamana, K., Isobe, M., Yokota, A. 2005 Polyamine distribution profiles within Cyanobacteria. Microbiol. Cult. Coll., 21, 3-8.
Keywords: cyanobacteria; homospermidine; polyamine; spermidine
Strain(s): 41507378798081512515592593610846847 

Hirabayashi, R., Imamura, N. 2003 Action mechanism of a selective anti-cyanobacterial compound, argimicin A. J. Antibiotics, 56, 154-159.
Strain(s): 414581102204230298592 

Yamaguchi, T., Kobayashi, Y., Adachi, K., Imamura, N. 2003 Argimicins B and C, new anti-cyanobacterial compounds produced by Sphingomonas sp. M-17. J. Antibiot., 56, 655-657.
Strain(s): 4581102230298592 

Jung, J.-M., Lee, Y.-J., Park, H.-K., Jung, E.-Y., Joo, G.-J. 2003 The analysis of cyanobacterial neurotoxins by high-performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry. Algae, 18, 233-238.
Keywords: anatoxin-a; Aphanizomenon flos-aquae; cyanobacterial toxins; LC-MS; saxitoxin
Strain(s): 81 

Mori, F., Erata, M., Watanabe, M. M. 2002 Cryopreservation of cyanobacteria and green algae in the NIES-Collection. Microbiol. Cult. Coll., 18, 45-55.
Keywords: cryopreservation; cyanobacteria; green algae; FDA staining method; NIES-Collection
Strain(s): 19212223242526272829303132333435363738394041444546505152535455565758596061626364656667686970737475767778798081878990919293949596979899100101102103104105106107108109110111112119120122123124125127128129130131132133134135137138139144147148150151152153154155156157158159160162163164165166167168169170171172173174175176177178179180181182183185186187188189191192193194195197198199200201202203204205206207208209210211212213214215216217224226227228229230231232241242243244245246248257259261262263266267268271287288289290294295297298299300301302303305306308309310311312313329334336337338339340341342349351359360361362375378379380382384385390394396397398415416418419421422423424425426427428429430431432433434436437438439440446447448449450451452453454455456457458459460464468469474478479480481503504505506507509510512514515522523524527528529530531532536537538539540541542543544545546564565566567568569570571572573574575576577578579580581582583584585592593594595596597598604610628630631632633634635636637638639640641642643644645646647648649650651652653654655656657658659660661662663664665666667672685686687688689690691692693694717718719720721722723724725726727728729 

Yuki, Y., Yoshida, T., Hiroishi, S. 2002 Molecular detection of the toxic cyanobacteria [Yûdoku aoko no bunshi-shikibetsu to yosatsu he-no ôyô]. In Series of Fisheries Science Vol. 143, Prevention and Extermination Strategies of Harmful Algal Blooms [Suisan-gaku shirîzu 134, Yûgai-yûdoku sôrui burûmu no yobô to kujo] , Eds. by Hiroishi, S., Imai, I. & Ishimaru, T., Koseisha-Koseikaku, Tokyo, p. 43-53 (in Japanese without English title).
Strain(s): 738187888990919899100101102104105106108109110111112204230298299604 

Gugger, M., Lyra, C., Henriksen, P., Coute, A., Humbert, J.-F., Sivonen, K. 2002 Phylogenetic comparison of the cyanobacterial genera Anabena and Aphanizomenon. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 52, 1867-1880.
Keywords: Anabaena; Aphanizomenon; 16S rDNA; 16S-23S rDNA; RubisCO spacer
Strain(s): 81 

Lyra, C., Suomalainen, S., Gugger, M., Vezie, C., Sundman, P., Paulin, L., Sivonen, K. 2001 Molecular characterization of planktic cyanobacteria of Anabaena, Aphanizomenon, Microcystis and Planktothrix genera. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 51, 13-526.
Keywords: cyanobacteria; 16S rRNA gene; RFLP; sequencing; REP; ERIC
Strain(s): 41447379818998102104 
DOI: 10.1099/00207713-51-2-513

Murakami, M., Suzuki, S., Itou, Y., Kodani, S., Ishida, K. 2000 New anabaenopeptins, potent carboxypeptidase-A inhibitors from the cyanobacterium Aphanizomenon flos-aquae. J. Nat. Prod., 63, 1280-1282.
Strain(s): 81 

Tillett, D., Neilan, B. A. 2000 Xanthogenate nucleic acid isolation from cultured and environmental cyanobacteria. J. Phycol., 36, 251-258.
Keywords: cyanobacteria; DNA extraction; nucleic acids; PCR; xanthogenate
Strain(s): 81102107 

Neilan, B. A., Dittmann, E., Rouhiainen, L., Bass, R. A., Schaub, V., Sivonen, K., Börner, T. 1999 Nonribosomal peptide synthesis and toxigenicity of Cyanobacteria. J. Bacteriol., 181, 4089-4097.
Strain(s): 19248199102107204 

Li, R., Yokota, A., Sugiyama, J., Watanabe, M., Hiroki, M., Watanabe, M. M. 1998 Chemotaxonomy of planktonic cyanobacteria based on non-polar and 3-hydroxy fatty acid composition. Phycol. Res., 46, 21-28.
Keywords: 3-hydroxy fatty acids; chemotaxonomy; fatty acid; non-polar fatty acids; planktonic cyanobacteria
Strain(s): 2740447678798081878998102104111112204205207298604810821825826 

Neilan, B. A., Jacobs, D., Goodman, A. E. 1995 Genetic diversity and phylogeny of toxic cyanobacteria determined by DNA polymorphisms within the phycocyanin locus. Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 61, 3875-3883.
Strain(s): 244041447376788081878998102107111112204207298 

Soma, Y., Imaizumi, T., Yagi, K., Kasuga, S. 1993 Estimation of algal succession in lake water using HPLC analysis of pigments. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci., 50, 1142-1146.
Strain(s): 44738188104111233234333351 

Watanabe, M. M., Kasai, F., Hiwatari, T., Suda, S., Nei, T. 1984 Cryopreservation of microalgae in liquid nitrogen - Survival of algal cultures after freezing. Jpn. J. Freez. Dry., 30, 23-26 (in Japanese with English title).
Strain(s): 1819212426293139404144454650737475767780818788899091939598991001011201221311351371441512042072132572633794152219223522392579 

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