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Strain number NIES-46  
Phylum Cyanophyta  
Class Cyanophyceae  
Scientific name Arthrospira platensis (Nordstedt) Gomont  
Synonym Arthrospira platensis Gomont  
Former name Spirulina platensis (Gomont) Geitler  
Common name Blue-green alga ; Cyanobacteria  
Locality (Date of collection) Lake Texcoco, Mexico (-----)  
Latitude / Longitude  
Habitat (Isolation source) Salt water  
History < IAM (1983);  
Isolator (Date of isolation) (-----)  
Identified by -----  
State of strain Subculture; Unialgal; Clonal; Axenic[2013 Jan.]  
Culture condition
(Preculture condition)
Medium:  SOT  
Temperature:  20 (25) C
Light intensity:  1 (12-15) µmol photons/m2/sec, L/D cycle:  10L:14D
Duration:  4 M (14 D)  
Gene information cpcB, cpcA ( DQ393288 )  
Cell size (min - max) - 8 μm  
Organization Filamentous 
Characteristics Cyanobacterial water bloom (aoko) ; Autotrophic ; Hydrogen evolution  
Other strain no. Other collection strain no. : IAM M-185
Shiraishi, H. 2015 Association of heterotrophic bacteria with aggregated Arthrospira platensis exopolysaccharides: implications in the induction of axenic cultures. Biosci. Biotechnol. Biochem., 79, 331-341.
Keywords: cyanobacteria; Arthrospira platensis; exopolysaccharides; axenic cultures; Alcian blue
Strain(s): 3946 
DOI: 10.1080/09168451.2014.972333

Kawachi, Y., Tomita, T., Matsunaga, N., Murase, N. 2015 Observation of Spirulina platensis during freeze-thawing for the purpose of establishment of cryopreservation protocol. Cryobiology and Cryotechnology, 61, 65-68 (in Japanese with English summary).
Strain(s): 46 

Kamata, K., Piao, Z., Suzuki, S., Fujimori, T., Tajiri, W., Nagai, K., Iyoda, T., Yamada, A., Hayakawa, T., Ishiwara, M., Horaguchi, S., Belay, A., Tanaka, T., Takano, K., Hangyo M. 2014 Spirulina-templated metal microcoils with controlled helical structures for THz electromagnetic responses. Sci Rep, 4, 4919 (article ID).
Strain(s): 3946 
DOI: 10.1038/srep04919

Choi, G-G., Ahn, C-Y., Oh, H-M. 2012 Phylogenetic relationships of Arthrospira strains inferred from 16S rRNA gene and cpcBA-IGS sequences. Algae, 27, 75-82.
Keywords: Arthrospira (Spirulina); cpcBA-IGS; phylogenetic analysis; 16S rRNA gene
Strain(s): 3946 

Kaya, K., Shiraishi, F., Uchida, H., Sano, T. 2011 A novel retinoic acid analogue, 7-hydroxy retinoic acid, isolated from cyanobacteria. Biochim. Biophys. Acta, 1810, 414-419.
Keywords: 7-hydroxy retinoic acid; RAR agonistic activity; cyanobacteria; UV stability
Strain(s): 444546512610931 
DOI: 10.1016/j.bbagen.2010.11.009

Hamana, K., Kobayashi, M., Yokota, A., Sekiguchi, H., Niitsu, M. 2008 Cellular polyamine profiles in cyanobacteria. Microbiol. Cult. Coll., 24, 3-8.
Keywords: cyanobacteria; homospermidine; polyamine; spermine; thermospermine
Strain(s): 26333646206208230267268305361433434481507597598931932 

Kim, C.-J., Hung, Y.-H., Oh, H.-M, 2007 Factors indicating culture status during cultivation of Spirulina (Arthrospira) platensis. J. Microbiol., 45, 122-127.
Keywords: coil number; culture status; syanobacteria; floating activity; Spirulona platensis
Strain(s): 3946 

Mori, F., Erata, M., Watanabe, M. M. 2002 Cryopreservation of cyanobacteria and green algae in the NIES-Collection. Microbiol. Cult. Coll., 18, 45-55.
Keywords: cryopreservation; cyanobacteria; green algae; FDA staining method; NIES-Collection
Strain(s): 1922232425262728293031323334353637383944454650515253545556576061626364656667707475787980818789909192939495979899100102105106107108109110111112119120123124127128129130131132133134135137138139144147148150151152153154155156157158159160162163164166167168169170171172173174175176177178179180181182183185186187188189191192193194195197198199200201202203205206207208209210211212213214215216217224226227228229230231232241242243244246248259262263266267268271287288289290294295297298299300301302303305306308309310311312313329336337338339340341342349351359360361362375378379380382384385390394396397415418419422423424426427429430431432433434436437438447448449450451452453457458459464468469474478479480481503504505506507509510512514515522523524527528529530531532536537538539540542543544545546564565566567568570572573574575576577579580581584585592593594595596597598604610628630631632633634635636637638639640641642643644645646647648649650651652653655656657658659660661662663664665666667672685686687688689690692693694718719720723724726727728729 

Aoyama, K., Uemura, I., Miyake, J., Asada, Y. 1997 Fermentative metabolism to produce hydrogen gas and organic compounds in a cyanobacterium, Spirulina platensis. J. Ferment. Bioeng., 83, 17-20.
Keywords: Spirulina; hydrogen; organic acid; ethanol
Strain(s): 46 

Lee, K.-Y., Park, J.-H., Park, B.-S. 1996 CO2 fixation and SCP production using blue green algae. Theories and Applications of Chem. Eng. (Korea), 2, 489-492 (in Korean with English title).
Strain(s): 193946 

Baldia, S. F., Fukami, K., Nishijima, T., Hata, T. 1995 Growth responses of Spirulina platensis to some physico-chemical factors and the kinetics of phosphorus utilization. Fish. Sci., 61, 331-335.
Keywords: Spirulina platensis; growth kinetics; physico-chemical factors; organic phosphorus; waste water
Strain(s): 46 

Baldia, S. F., Nishijima, T., Fukami, K., Hata, Y. 1994 Studies on the chemical composition of a cyanophyte, Spirulina platensis. In The Third Asian Fisheries Forum, Eds. by Chou, L. M., et al., Asian Fisheries Society, Manila, Philippines, 1994, pp. 940-943.
Strain(s): 46 

Suzuki, S., Tazawa, R., Miya, A., Adachi, T., Kanki, R., Toyobe, M., Oguchi, M. 1994 Gas revitalization by microalgae. I. Studies on species and culture condition. CELSS J., 7, 23-28 (in Japanese with English summary).
Keywords: microalgae; Spirulina; SOT medium; culture condition; CO2/O2 gas exchange system
Strain(s): 394546 

Asada, Y., Kawamura, S. 1986 Screening for cyanobacteria that evolve molecular hydrogen under dark and anaerobic conditions. J. Ferment. Technol., 64, 553-556.
Strain(s): 192336394621193277 

Watanabe, M. M., Kasai, F., Hiwatari, T., Suda, S., Nei, T. 1984 Cryopreservation of microalgae in liquid nitrogen - Survival of algal cultures after freezing. Jpn. J. Freez. Dry., 30, 23-26 (in Japanese with English title).
Strain(s): 1819242629313944454650747576778081878990919395989910010112012213113513714415120420721326337941522352239 

Ichimura, T., Itoh, T. 1977 17. Preservation methods of microalgae (I) [17. Bisaisôrui no hozonhô (I)]. In Preservation methods of microorganisms [Biseibutsu Hozonhô], Ed. by Nei, T., University of Tokyo Press, Tokyo, p. 355-373 (in Japanese without English title).
Strain(s): 19222324272830313233343637383944454647484950123127131144152173175179180181182183185198200203206217226227241266267268271295309310338379436448450527 

Watanabe, M. M. 1977 Biosystematics in Closterium of sexual unicellular green algae and Calothrix and Spirulina of asexual filamentous blue-green algae, with special reference to the analyses of natural populations. Thesis D. Sci., Hokkaido University, 114 pp., 28 tables, 54 figs.
Strain(s): 39454651525354555657606162636465666770262266268 

Watanabe, M. M., Ichimura, T. 1977 Fresh- and salt-water forms of Spirulina platensis in axenic cultures. Bull. Jpn. Soc. Phycol., 25, Suppl. (Mem. Iss. Yamada), 371-377.
Strain(s): 394546 

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