Strain number NIES-298  
Phylum Cyanophyta  
Class Cyanophyceae  
Scientific name Microcystis aeruginosa (Kützing) Lemmermann  
Synonym Microcystis ichthyoblabe Kützing; Microcystis novacekii (Komárek) Compère; Microcystis viridis (A.Brown) Lemmermann; Microcystis wesenbergii Komárek  
Former name Microcystis aeruginosa (Kützing) Lemmermann f. aeruginosa  
Common name Blue-green alga ; Cyanobacteria  
Locality (Date of collection) Lake Kasumigaura Ibaraki Japan (1982-09-16)  
Latitude / Longitude 36.0428477398 / 140.373233439 
Habitat (Isolation source) Freshwater  
History < TAC;  
Isolator (Date of isolation) Watanabe, Masayuki (1982-09-18)  
Identified by -----  
State of strain Cryopreservation; Unialgal; Clonal; Axenic  
Culture condition
(Preculture condition)
Medium:  MACB  
Temperature:  25 C
Light intensity:  20-30 µmol photons/m2/sec, L/D cycle:  10L:14D
Duration:  20 D  
Gene information Whole-genome ( PRJNA91065 ) , 16S rRNA ( AB023261 FJ461749 ) , 16S-23S-ITS ( AB254442 AM773522 ) , ITS ( AB254442 ) , aerA ( AM773663 ) , cas2 ( AB644437 ) , clpB ( EU369667 ) , dnaJ ( EU369661 ) , DnaK ( EU369665 ) , dnaK1 ( EU369663 ) , dnaK3 ( EU369664 ) , FtsQ-FtsZ ( AB205180 ) , ftsZ ( AB324909 ) , glnA ( AB324988 ) , gltX ( AB325067 ) , groEL ( EU369662 ) , groES ( EU369657 ) , grpE ( EU369660 ) , gyrB ( AB325146 ) , hrcA ( EU369668 ) , hsp20-1 ( EU369658 ) , hsp90 ( EU369666 ) , mcaA ( AM774406 ) , mcnC-mcnE ( AM773670 ) , mcyA ( AB092804 ) , mcyA-mcyD ( AB254427 ) , mcyB ( AB092806 ) , mcyD ( AB444744 ) , mcyG ( AB444785 ) , mcyJ ( AB444826 ) , mdnA ( AM943877 ) , pgi ( AB325225 ) , recA ( AB325304 ) , rpoB ( HM991461 ) , rpoC1 ( AB333819 ) , tpi ( AB325383 )  
Cell size (min - max) - 5 μm  
Characteristics Cyanobacterial water bloom (aoko) ; Toxicity ; ST60 (Tanabe, Y. et al. 2007) ; Draft genome sequence (Rhee, JS. et al. 2012)  
Other strain no. Other strain no. : TAC 47 (K-TAN-47)  
Remarks Toxicity; Unstable; Cryopreserved 
Imanishi, S. Y., Nakayama, T., Asukabe, H., Harada, K. 2017 Application of MALDI Biotyper to cyanobacterial profiling. Rapid Commun. Mass Spectrom., 31, 325-332.
Strain(s): 738910210310711229861180880983584398910251043105810711099164216521672 
PubMed: 27862451
DOI: 10.1002/rcm.7793

Joo, J. C., Ahn, C. H., Lee, S., Jang, D-G., Lee, W. H., Ryu, B. R. 2016 Algal growth potential of Microcystis aeruginosa from reclaimed water. Water Environ. Res., 88, 54-62.
Keywords: algal growth potential (AGP); Microcystis aeruginosa; reclaimed water; recreational water reuse; soluble reactive phosphorus; wastewater reclamation plant
Strain(s): 298 
DOI: 10.2175/106143015X14365865227797

Kang, Y-H., Kang, S-K., Park, C-S., Joo, J-H., Lee, J-W., Han, M-S. 2016 Use of lactic acid bacteria as a biological agent against the cyanobacterium Anabaena flos-aquae. J. Appl. Phycol., 28, 1747-1757.
Keywords: Lactic acidbacteria; Cyanobacteriacidalbacteria; Anabaena flos-aquae; Biological control
Strain(s): 7594298 
DOI: 10.1007/s10811-015-0701-7

Anas, A. R. J., Nakajima, A., Naruse, C., Tone, M., Asukabe, H., Harada, K. 2016 Determination of fVIIa-sTF inhibitors in toxic Microcystis cyanobacteria by LC-MS technique. Mar. Drugs, 14, 7 (article ID).
Keywords: cyanobacteria; toxic Microcystis; anticoagulant; fVIIa-sTF inhibitors; peptides; aeruginosins; blood coagulation cascade
Strain(s): 891021031072981025104310581071108510991133 
PubMed: 26729138
DOI: 10.3390/md14010007

Kataoka, T., Homma, T., Nakano, S., Hodoki, Y., Ohbayashi, K., Kondo, R. 2013 PCR primers for selective detection of intra-species variations in the bloom-forming cyanobacterium, Microcystis. Harmful Algae, 23, 46-54.
Keywords: Microcystis aeruginosa; Quantitative PCR; 16S-23S rDNA ITS fegion; Selective detection; Intra-species variation
Strain(s): 4487909810110210310711111229860410621070 

Yoshida, T., Takashima, Y., Tomaru Y., Shirai, Y., Takao, Y., Hiroishi, S., Nagasaki, K. 2012 Intricate interactions between the bloom-forming cyanobacterium Microcystis aeruginosa and foreign genetic elements, revealed by diversified clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeat (CRISPR) signatures. Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 78, 5353-5360.
Strain(s): 87102298 
PubMed: 22636003
DOI: 10.1128/AEM.00626-12

Yoshida, T., Takashima, Y., Tomaru Y., Shirai, Y., Takao, Y., Hiroishi, S., Nagasaki, K. 2012 A protein binding to an upstream sequence of ftsZ involved in coordination of DNA replication and cell division in Microcystis aeruginosa. Fish. Sci., 78, 375-379.
Keywords: Cyanobacteria; Microcystis; Cell division; DNA replication; ftsZ
Strain(s): 298 

Rhee, JS., Ki, JS., Kim, BM., Hwang, SJ., Choi, IY., Lee, JS. 2012 HspA and HtpG Enhance Thermotolerance in the Cyanobacterium, Microcystis aeruginosa NIES-298. J. Microbiol. Biotechnol., 22, 118-125.
Keywords: Cyanobacteria; Microcystis aeruginosa; heat shock protein; thermotolerance
Strain(s): 298 

Rhee, JS., Choi, BS., Han, J., Hwang, SJ., Choi, IY., Lee, JS. 2012 Draft genome database construction from four strains (NIES-298, FCY-26, -27, and -28) of the Cyanobacterium Microcystis aeruginosa. J. Microbiol. Biotechnol., 22, 1208-1213.
Keywords: Cyanobacteria; Microcystis aeruginosa; genome
Strain(s): 298 

Kang, Y.-H., Park, C.-S., Han, M.-S. 2012 Pseudomonas aeruginosa UCBPP-PA14 a useful bacterium capable of lysing Microcystis aeruginosa cells and degrading microcystins. J. Appl. Phycol., 24, 1517-1525.
Keywords: Microcystis aeruginosa; Microcystins; Algicidal bacteria; Pseudomonas aeruginosa
Strain(s): 4494298 

Tanabe, Y., Watanabe, M. M. 2011 Local expansion of a panmictic lineage of water bloom-forming cyanobacterium Microcystis aeruginosa. PLoS One, 6, e17085 (article ID).
Strain(s): 448788899091989910010110210310410510610710810911011111229829947860484390110501051105210531054105510561057105810591060106110621063106410651066106710681069107010721075107610771085109010911092109310941095109610971098110011011102110311041105110611071108111311141115112211231124112511261127112811291130113111321133113411351136113711381139114011411142114311441145114611471148114911501151115211531155115611571159116011611162116311641170117111721173117411751176117711791180118111831184118511861209121112131214121512161217121812191220122112221223122412251226122712281229123012311232123312341235123612371238123912401241124212431244124512511252125312542088208920902091246524662467246824692470247124722473247424752476247724782479248024812482248324842485248624872488248924902491249224932494249524962546254725482549255025512552255325542555255625572558255925602561259125922593259425952596259725982599260026012602260326042605260626072608260926102611261226132617261826192620262126222623262426252626262726282629 

Weiz, A. R., Ishida, K., Makower, K., Ziemert, N., Hertweck, C., Dittmann, E. 2011 Leader peptide and a membrane protein scaffold guide the biosynthesis of the tricyclic peptide microviridin. Chem. Biol., 18, 1413-1421.
Strain(s): 298843 
DOI: 10.1016/j.chembiol.2011.09.011

Yoshida, M., Yoshida, T., Yoshida-Takashima, Y., Kashima, A., Hiroishi, S. 2010 Real-time PCR detection of host-mediated cyanophage gene transcripts during infection of a natural Microcystis aeruginosa population. Microbes. Environ., 25, 211-215.
Keywords: cyanophage; Microcystis aeruginosa; real-time RT-PCR; succession; toxic cyanobacteria
Strain(s): 298 

Kuno, S., Yoshida, T., Kamikawa, R., Hosoda, N., Sako, Y. 2010 The distribution of a phage-related insertion sequence element in the cyanobacterium, Microcystis aeruginosa. Microbes. Environ., 25, 295-301.
Keywords: cyanobacteria; Microcystis; cyanophage; insertion sequence; horizontal gene transfer
Strain(s): 90919899101102112298604843105810671070108610981105 

Fujise, D., Tsuji, K., Fukushima, N., Kawai, K., Harada, K. 2010 Analytical aspects of cyanobacterial volatile organic compounds for investigation of their production behavior. J. Chromatogr. A, 1217, 6122-6125.
Keywords: Cyanobacteria; Volatile organic compounds; Analysis; b-Cyclocitral; 2-Methyl-1-butanol; 3-Methyl-1-butanol; SPME
Strain(s): 87298 

Tanabe, Y., Sano, T., Kasai, F., Watanabe, M. M. 2009b Recombination, cryptic clades and neutral molecular divergence of the microcystin synthetase (mcy) genes of toxic cyanobacterium Microcystis aeruginosa. BMC Evol. Biol., 9, 115 (article ID).
Strain(s): 44878889909198991001011021031041051061071081091101111122982994786048439011050105110521053105410551056105710581059106010611062106310641065106610671068106910701072107510761077108510901091109210931094109510961097109811001101110211031104110511061107110811131114111511221123112411251126112711281129113011311132113311341135113611371138113911401141114211431144114511461147114811491150115111521153115511561157115911601161116211631164117011711172120912111213121412151216121712181219122012211222122312241225122612271228122912301231123212331234123512361237123812391240124112421243124412451251125212531254246524662467246924702471247224732474247524762477247824792561 
DOI: 10.1186/1471-2148-9-115

Harada, K-I., Ozaki, K., Tsuzuki, S., Kato, H., Hasegawa, M., Kuroda, E. K., Arii, S., Tsuji, K. 2009 Blue color formation of cyanobacteria with b-cyclocitral. J. Chem. Ecol., 35, 1295-1301.
Keywords: b-cyclocitral; cyanobacteria; lysis; blue color formation; acid stress
Strain(s): 73102103112298611808 

Ozaki, K., Ito, E., Tanabe, S., Natsume, K., Tsuji, K., Harada, K. 2009 Electron microscopic study on lysis of a cyanobacterium Microcystis. J. Health Sci., 55, 578-585.
Keywords: cyanobacteria; scanning electron microscope; transmission electron microscope; morphological change; b-cyclocitral; L-lysine
Strain(s): 102298 

Park, M.-H., Kim, B.-H., Chung, I. M., Hwang, S.-J. 2009 Selective bactericidal potential of rice (Oryza sativa L. var. japonica) full extract on Microcystis strain in comparison with green algae and zooplankton. Bull. Environ. Contam. Toxicol., 83, 97-101.
Keywords: Rice hull extract; Selective control; Microcystis aeruginosa; Green alga; Zooplankton
Strain(s): 298 

Cadel-Six, S., Dauga, C., Castets, A. M., Rippka, R., Bouchier, C., de Marsac, N. T., Welker, M. 2008 Halogenase genes in nonribosomal peptide synthetase gene clusters of Microcystis (Cyanobacteria): sporadic distribution and evolution. Mol. Biol. Evol., 25, 2031-2041.
Keywords: halogenase; cyanopeptolin; aeruginosin; DNA rearrangement; secondary peptide metabolite; chlorination; internal transcribed spacer; phylogeny
Strain(s): 8998101102298 
PubMed: 18614525
DOI: 10.1093/molbev/msn150

Yoshida, T., Nagasaki, K., Takashima, Y., Shirai, Y., Tomaru, Y., Takao, Y., Sakamoto, S., Hiroishi, S., Ogata, H. 2008 Ma-LMM01 infecting toxic Microcystis aeruginosa illuminates diverse cyanophage genome strategies. J. Bacteriol., 190, 1762-1772.
Strain(s): 298 

Yoshida, M., Yoshida, T., Satomi, M., Takashima, Y., Hosoda, N., Hiroishi, S. 2008 Intra-specific phenotypic and genotypic variation in toxic cyanobacterial Microcystis aeruginosa. J. Appl. Phycol., 105, 407-415.
Keywords: API ZYM; diversity; microcystin; Microcystis; phylogeny; population; taxonomy; toxic; cyanobacteria
Strain(s): 101102103112298604105510581062107010911105 

Bouchier, C., Hertweck, C., de Marsac, N. T., Dittmann, E. 2008 Microcyclamide biosynthesis in two strains of Microcystis aeruginosa: from structure to genes and vice versa. Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 74, 1791-1797.
Strain(s): 298 

Jung, S. W., Kim, B.-H., Katano, T., Kong, D.-S., Han, M.-S. 2008 Pseudomonas flurescens HYK0210-SK09 offers species-specific biological control of winter algal blooms caused by freshwater diatom Stephanodiscus hantzschii. J. Appl. Microbiol., 105, 186-195.
Keywords: algicidal bacterium; algicidal mechanism; biological control; indoor mesocosm; Pseudomonas fluorescens; Stephanodiscus hantzschii
Strain(s): 1944298 

Ozaki, K., Ohta, A., Iwata, C., Horikawa, A., Tsuji, K., Ito, E., Ikai, Y., Harada, K-I. 2008 Lysis of cyanobacteria with volatile organic compounds. Chemosphere, 71, 1531-1538.
Keywords: Cyanobacteria; Lysis; Microorganism; Volatile compound; b-Cyclocitral
Strain(s): 73102103112298 

Yoshida, M., Yoshida, T., Takashima, Y., Hosoda, N., Hiroishi, S. 2007 Dynamics of microcystin-producing and non-producing Microcystis populations is correlated with nitrate concentration in a Japanese lake. FEMS Microbiol. Lett., 266, 49-53.
Keywords: microcystin; Microcystis; peptide synthetase; population dynamics; real-time PCR; toxic cyanobacteria
Strain(s): 298 

Tanabe, Y., Kasai, F., Watanabe, M. M. 2007 Multilocus sequence typing (MLST) reveals high genetic diversity and clonal population structure of the toxic cyanobacterium Microcystis aeruginosa. Microbiology, 153, 3695-3703.
Strain(s): 44878889909198991001011021031041051061071081091101111122982994786048439019331050105110521053105410551056105710581059106010611062106310641065106610671068106910701072107510761077108510901091109210931094109510961097109811001101110211031104110511061107110811131114111511221123112411251126112711281129113011311132113311341135113611371138113911401141114211431144114511461147114811491150115111521153115511561157115911601161116211631164117011711172120912111213121412151216121712181219122012211222122312241225122612271228122912301231123212331234123512361237123812391240124112421243124412451251125212531254 

Honjo, M., Matsui, K., Ueki, M., Nakamura, R., Fuhrman, J. A., Kawabata, Z. 2006 Diversity of virus-like agents killing Microcystis aeruginosa in a hyper-eutrophic pond. J. Plankton Res., 28, 407-412.
Strain(s): 298 

Yoshida, T., Takashima, Y., Tomaru Y., Shirai, Y., Takao, Y., Hiroishi, S., Nagasaki, K. 2006 Isolation and characterization of a cyanophage infecting the toxic cyanobacterium Microcystis aeruginosa. Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 72, 1239-1247.
Strain(s): 44879098102104111112298604 

Yoshida, T., Maki, M., Okamoto, H., Hiroishi, S. 2005 Coordination of DNA replication and cell division in cyanobacteria Microcystis aeruginosa. FEMS Microbiol. Lett., 251, 149-154.
Keywords: cyanobacteria; cell division; DNA replication; FtsZ; Microcystis
Strain(s): 298 

Oshimi, M., Fujimoto, N., Ohnishi, A., Suzuki, M., Akiba, M., Kunikane, S. 2005 Isolation of bacteria lysing musty odor producing alga Phormidium tenue and its lytic characteristics. J. Jpn. Soc. Wat. Environ., 28, 379-384 (in Japanese with English summary).
Keywords: alga-lytic bacteria; musty odor; Phormidium tenue; Pseudomonas KA6
Strain(s): 96211227244298512817 

Takanami, R., Ozaki, H., Hayashi, S., Yamada, O., Sumino, T. 2004 Algal growth control with mud gels and silver-contained ceramics. Environ. Eng. Res., 41, 429-436 (in Japanese with English summary).
Keywords: algal bloom; mud gels; silver-contained ceramics
Strain(s): 298 

Furusato, E., Asaeda, T., Manatunge, J. 2004 Tolerance for prolonged darkness of three phytoplankton species, Microcystis aeruginosa (Cyanophyceae), Scenedesmus quadricauda (Chlorophyceae), and Melosira ambigua (Bacillariophyceae). Hydrobiologia, 527, 153-162.
Keywords: algal bloom; artificial circulation; community succession; darkness tolerance; phytoplankton
Strain(s): 96298 

Hirabayashi, R., Imamura, N. 2003 Action mechanism of a selective anti-cyanobacterial compound, argimicin A. J. Antibiotics, 56, 154-159.
Strain(s): 414581102204230298592 

Yamaguchi, T., Kobayashi, Y., Adachi, K., Imamura, N. 2003 Argimicins B and C, new anti-cyanobacterial compounds produced by Sphingomonas sp. M-17. J. Antibiot., 56, 655-657.
Strain(s): 4581102230298592 

Yoshida, T., Yuki, Y., Lei, S., Chinen, H., Yoshida, M., Kondo, R., Hiroishi, S. 2003 Quantitative detection of toxic strains of the cyanobacterial genus Microcystis by competitive PCR. Microbes. Environ., 18, 16-23.
Keywords: competitive PCR; microcystin; Microcystis; peptide synthetase; toxic cyanobacteria
Strain(s): 87888990102104105106108109110111112298299604 

Fujii, K., Yahashi, Y., Nakano, T., Imanishi, S., Baldia, S. F., Harada, K. 2002 Simultaneous detection and determination of the absolute configuration of thiazole-containing amino acids in a peptide. Tetrahedron, 58, 6873-6879.
Keywords: microcyclamide; absolute configuration; advanced Marfey's method; thiazole-containing (TZL-) amino acid
Strain(s): 101298 

Mori, F., Erata, M., Watanabe, M. M. 2002 Cryopreservation of cyanobacteria and green algae in the NIES-Collection. Microbiol. Cult. Coll., 18, 45-55.
Keywords: cryopreservation; cyanobacteria; green algae; FDA staining method; NIES-Collection
Strain(s): 19212223242526272829303132333435363738394041444546505152535455565758596061626364656667686970737475767778798081878990919293949596979899100101102103104105106107108109110111112119120122123124125127128129130131132133134135137138139144147148150151152153154155156157158159160162163164165166167168169170171172173174175176177178179180181182183185186187188189191192193194195197198199200201202203204205206207208209210211212213214215216217224226227228229230231232241242243244245246248257259261262263266267268271287288289290294295297298299300301302303305306308309310311312313329334336337338339340341342349351359360361362375378379380382384385390394396397398415416418419421422423424425426427428429430431432433434436437438439440446447448449450451452453454455456457458459460464468469474478479480481503504505506507509510512514515522523524527528529530531532536537538539540541542543544545546564565566567568569570571572573574575576577578579580581582583584585592593594595596597598604610628630631632633634635636637638639640641642643644645646647648649650651652653654655656657658659660661662663664665666667672685686687688689690691692693694717718719720721722723724725726727728729 

Nishibe, Y., Kawabata, Z., Nakano, S. 2002 Grazing on Microcystis aeruginosa by the heterotrophic flagellate Collodictyon triciliatum in a hypertrophic pond. Aquat. Microb. Ecol., 29, 173-179.
Keywords: Microcystis aeruginosa; heterotrophic flagellate; digestion; grazing rate
Strain(s): 298 

Yuki, Y., Yoshida, T., Hiroishi, S. 2002 Molecular detection of the toxic cyanobacteria [Yûdoku aoko no bunshi-shikibetsu to yosatsu he-no ôyô]. In Series of Fisheries Science Vol. 143, Prevention and Extermination Strategies of Harmful Algal Blooms [Suisan-gaku shirîzu 134, Yûgai-yûdoku sôrui burûmu no yobô to kujo] , Eds. by Hiroishi, S., Imai, I. & Ishimaru, T., Koseisha-Koseikaku, Tokyo, p. 43-53 (in Japanese without English title).
Strain(s): 738187888990919899100101102104105106108109110111112204230298299604 

Furusato, E., Asaeda, T., Fukuwatari, T. 2001 Tolerance against prolonged darkness of three freshwater phytoplankton. J. Jpn. Soc. Wat. Environ., 24, 27-34 (in Japanese with English summary).
Keywords: artificial circulation; phytoplankton; dark survival; community succession; Microcystis aeruginosa
Strain(s): 96298 

Imamura, N., Motoike, I., Noda, M., Adachi, K., Konno, A., Fukami, H. 2000 Argimicin A, a novel anti-cyanobacterial compound produced by an algae-lysing bacterium. J. Antibiotics, 53, 1317-1319.
Strain(s): 102298 

Ishida, K., Nakagawa, H., Murakami, M. 2000 Microcyclamide, a cytotoxic cyclic hexapeptide from the cyanobacterium Microcystis aeruginosa. J. Nat. Prod., 63, 1315-1317.
Strain(s): 298 

Kondo, R., Kagiya, G., Hiroishi, S., Watanabe, M. 2000 Genetic typing of a bloom-forming cyanobacterial genus Microcystis in Japan using 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis. Plankton Biol. Ecol., 47, 1-6.
Keywords: genetic typing; 16S rDNA; Microcystis; cyanobacteria; phylogenetic analysis
Strain(s): 878889909198991001011021041051061081091101111122982996041055106110681076109010911105112211421164 

Kondo, R., Kagiya, G., Komura, M., Yuki, Y., Hiroishi, S., Watanabe, M. 2000 Molecular taxonomy of a bloom-forming cyanobacterial genus Microcystis. Bull. Plankton Soc. Japan, 47, 25-33 (in Japanese with English summary).
Keywords: cyanobacteria; Microcystis; bacterial criteria; molecular analysis
Strain(s): 6878889909198991001011021041051061081091101111122982996041055106110681076109010911105112211421164 

Kondo, R., Yoshida, T., Yuki, Y., Hiroishi, S. 2000 DNA-DNA reassociation among a bloom-forming cyanobacterial genus, Microcystis. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 50, 67-770.
Keywords: DNA hybridization; DNA G+C content; cyanobacteria; Microcystis
Strain(s): 878998102104111112298604 

Ishida, K., Okita, Y., Matsuda, H., Okino, T., Murakami, M. 1999 Aeruginosins, protease inhibitors from the cyanobacterium Microcystis aeruginosa. Tetrahedron, 55, 10971-10988.
Strain(s): 8998298 

Kondo, R., Kagiya, G., Hiroishi, S., Watanabe, M., Hata, Y. 1999 Rapid DNA extraction from a bloom-forming cyanobacterium. Microbes. Environ., 14, 157-161.
Keywords: DNA extraction; PCR; Microcystis; cyanobacteria
Strain(s): 878889909198991001011021041051061081091101111122982996041055106110681076109010911105112211421164 

Kondo, R., Kagiya, G., Yuki, Y., Hiroishi, S., Watanabe, M. 1998 Taxonomy of a bloom-forming cyanobacterial genus Microcystis. Nippon Suisan Gakkaishi, 64, 291-292 (in Japanese with English title).
Strain(s): 87888990919899100101102104105106107108109110111112298299604 

Li, R., Yokota, A., Sugiyama, J., Watanabe, M., Hiroki, M., Watanabe, M. M. 1998 Chemotaxonomy of planktonic cyanobacteria based on non-polar and 3-hydroxy fatty acid composition. Phycol. Res., 46, 21-28.
Keywords: 3-hydroxy fatty acids; chemotaxonomy; fatty acid; non-polar fatty acids; planktonic cyanobacteria
Strain(s): 2740447678798081878998102104111112204205207298604810821825826 

Ward, C. J., Beattie, K. A., Lee, E. Y. C., Codd, G. A. 1997 Colorimetric protein phosphatase inhibition assay of laboratory strains and natural blooms of cyanobacteria: comparisons with high-performance liquid chromatographic analysis for microcystins. FEMS Mircobiol. Lett., 153, 465-473.
Keywords: Microcystin; Protein phosphatase; Cyanobacteria; High-performance liquid chromatography
Strain(s): 42102103104298595 

Sakamoto, S., Yamaguchi, M., Watanabe, M. F., Watanabe, M., Kamiya, H. 1996 Distribution and characterization of lectins from natural and cultured Microcystis spp. In Harmful and Toxic Algal Blooms, Eds. by Yasumoto, T., Oshima, Y. & Fukuyo, Y., Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission of UNESCO 1996, p. 569-572.
Strain(s): 1001021062981057106110661080 

Lee, T., Tsuzuki, M., Takeuchi, T., Yokoyama, K., Karube, I. 1995 Quantitative determination of cyanobacteria in mixed phytoplankton assemblages by an in vivo fluorimetric method. Anal. Chim. Acta, 302, 81-87.
Keywords: cyanobacteria; quantitative estimation; phycocyanin; waterblooms; Microcystis aeruginosa
Strain(s): 298512 

Neilan, B. A., Jacobs, D., Goodman, A. E. 1995 Genetic diversity and phylogeny of toxic cyanobacteria determined by DNA polymorphisms within the phycocyanin locus. Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 61, 3875-3883.
Strain(s): 244041447376788081878998102107111112204207298 

Okino, T., Matsuda, H., Murakami, M., Yamaguchi, K. 1995 New microviridins, elastase inhibitors from the blue-green alga Microcystis aeruginosa. Tetrahedron, 51, 10679-10686.
Strain(s): 298 

Lee, T., Tsuzuki, M., Takeuchi, T., Yokoyama, K., Karube, I. 1994 In vivo fluorometric method for early detection of cyanobacterial waterblooms. J. Appl. Phycol., 6, 489-495.
Keywords: cyanobacteria; waterblooms; in vivo fluorescence; monitoring; Microcystis aeruginosa
Strain(s): 298512 

Murakami, M., Okita, Y., Matsuda, H., Okino, T., Yamaguchi, K. 1994 Aeruginosin 298-A, a thrombin and trypsin inhibitor from the blue-green alga Microcystis aeruginosa (NIES-298). Tetrahedron Letters, 35, 3129-3132.
Strain(s): 298 

Kasai, F., Takamura, N., Hatakeyama, S. 1993 Effects of simetryne on growth of various freshwater algal taxa. Environ. Pollut., 79, 77-83.
Strain(s): 35447377102137151230231255275280298 

Hanazato, T. 1991 Interrelations between Microcystis and Cladocera in the highly eutrophic Lake Kasumigaura, Japan. Int. Revue ges. Hydrobiol., 76, 21-36.
Keywords: Microcystis; Cladocera; toxicity; food chain; Lake Kasumigaura
Strain(s): 44298299 

Watanabe, M. F., Oishi, S., Watanabe, Y., Watanabe, M. 1986 Strong probability of lethal toxicity in the blue-green alga Microcystis viridis Lemmermann. J. Phycol., 22, 552-556.
Strain(s): 981001011031122981053105410551058105910671091 

Watanabe, M. M., Suda, S., Kasai, F., Sawaguchi, T. 1985 Axenic cultures of the three species of Microcystis (Cyanophyta = Cyanobacteria). Bull. JFCC, 1, 57-63.
Strain(s): 89102107111298 

Allen, M. B. 1959 Studies with Cyanidium caldarium, an anomalously pigmented chlorophyte. Arch. Mikrobiol., 32, 270-277.
Strain(s): 298 

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