Strain number NIES-107  
Phylum Cyanophyta  
Class Cyanophyceae  
Scientific name Microcystis aeruginosa (Kützing) Lemmermann  
Synonym Microcystis ichthyoblabe Kützing; Microcystis novacekii (Komárek) Compère; Microcystis viridis (A.Brown) Lemmermann; Microcystis wesenbergii Komárek  
Former name Microcystis wesenbergii Komárek  
Common name Blue-green alga ; Cyanobacteria  
Locality (Date of collection) Lake Kawaguchi Yamanashi Japan (1981-06-**)  
Latitude / Longitude 35.5130910551 / 138.748515637 
Habitat (Isolation source) Freshwater (Lake water)  
History < Watanabe, Makoto M.  
Isolator (Date of isolation) Watanabe, Michiko H. (1981-06-**)  
Identified by Watanabe, Michiko H.  
State of strain Cryopreservation; Unialgal; Clonal; Non-axenic  
Culture condition
(Preculture condition)
Medium:  CBMA  
Temperature:  25 C
Light intensity:  13-16 µmol photons/m2/sec, L/D cycle:  10L:14D
Duration:  1 M  
Gene information 16S rRNA ( U40333 DQ648028 ) , cpcB, cpcA ( DQ648023 ) , ftsZ ( AB324862 ) , glnA ( AB324941 ) , gltX ( AB325020 ) , gyrB ( AB325099 ) , mcyA ( AB110108 ) , mcyD ( AB110119 ) , mcyE ( AY817158 ) , mcyG ( AB110130 ) , mcyJ ( AB110141 ) , pgi ( AB325178 ) , pilT ( AY973320 ) , recA ( AB325257 ) , tpi ( AB325336 ) , RPB ( HM991460 )  
Cell size (min - max)  
Characteristics Cyanobacterial water bloom (aoko) ; Toxicity ; ST13 (Tanabe, Y. et al. 2007)  
Other strain no. Other strain no. : KW-MW-7  
Remarks Toxicity; Cryopreserved 
Imanishi, S. Y., Nakayama, T., Asukabe, H., Harada, K. 2017 Application of MALDI Biotyper to cyanobacterial profiling. Rapid Commun. Mass Spectrom., 31, 325-332.
Strain(s): 738910210310711229861180880983584398910251043105810711099164216521672 
PubMed: 27862451
DOI: 10.1002/rcm.7793

Anas, A. R. J., Nakajima, A., Naruse, C., Tone, M., Asukabe, H., Harada, K. 2016 Determination of fVIIa-sTF inhibitors in toxic Microcystis cyanobacteria by LC-MS technique. Mar. Drugs, 14, 7 (article ID).
Keywords: cyanobacteria; toxic Microcystis; anticoagulant; fVIIa-sTF inhibitors; peptides; aeruginosins; blood coagulation cascade
Strain(s): 891021031072981025104310581071108510991133 
PubMed: 26729138
DOI: 10.3390/md14010007

Hautala, H., Lamminmäki, U., Spoof, L., Nybom, S., Meriluoto, J., Vehniäinen, M. 2013 Quantitative PCR detection and improved sample preparation of microcystin-producing Anabaena, Microcystis and Planktothrix. Ecotox. Environ. Safe., 87, 49-56.
Keywords: Microcystin; Cyanobacteria; Quantitative PCR; mcyB; Sample prepararion
Strain(s): 107 
DOI: 10.1016/j.ecoenv.2012.10.008

Kataoka, T., Homma, T., Nakano, S., Hodoki, Y., Ohbayashi, K., Kondo, R. 2013 PCR primers for selective detection of intra-species variations in the bloom-forming cyanobacterium, Microcystis. Harmful Algae, 23, 46-54.
Keywords: Microcystis aeruginosa; Quantitative PCR; 16S-23S rDNA ITS fegion; Selective detection; Intra-species variation
Strain(s): 4487909810210711111229860410621070 

Tanabe, Y., Watanabe, M. M. 2011 Local expansion of a panmictic lineage of water bloom-forming cyanobacterium Microcystis aeruginosa. PLoS One, 6, e17085 (article ID).
Strain(s): 448789909198991001021051061071081091101111122982994786048439011050105110521053105510561057105810591060106110621063106410651066106710681069107010721075107610771085109010911092109310941095109610971098110011011102110311041105110611071108111311141115112311241125112611271128112911301131113211331134113511361137113811391140114111421143114411451146114711481149115011511152115311551156115711591160116111621163116411701171117211731174117511761177117911801181118311841185118612091211121312141215121612171218121912201221122212231224122512261227122812291230123112321233123412351236123712381239124012411242124312441245125112521253125420882089209020912465246624672468247124722473247424752476247724782479248024812482248324842485248624872488248924902491249224932494249524962546254725482549255025512552255325542555255625572558255925602561259125922593259425952596259725982599260026012602260326042605260626072608260926102611261226132617261826192620262126222623262426252626262726282629 

Sano, T., Takagi, H., Nagano, K., Nishikawa, M., Kaya, K. 2011 Accurate LC-MS analyses for microcystions using per-15N-labeled microcystins. Anal. Bioanal. Chem., 399, 2511-2516.
Keywords: Microcystin; Stable isotope; Surrogate; Liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry; Accurate analysis
Strain(s): 107 
DOI: 10.1007/s00216-010-4639-y

Spoof, L., Neffling, M.-R., Meriluoto, J. 2010 Fast separation of microcystins and nodularins on narrow-bore reversed-phase columns coupled to a conventional HPLC system. Toxicon, 55, 954-964.
Keywords: Microcystins; Nodularins; Fast high-performance liquid; chromatography
Strain(s): 107 

Tanabe, Y., Sano, T., Kasai, F., Watanabe, M. M. 2009b Recombination, cryptic clades and neutral molecular divergence of the microcystin synthetase (mcy) genes of toxic cyanobacterium Microcystis aeruginosa. BMC Evol. Biol., 9, 115 (article ID).
Strain(s): 44878990919899100102105106107108109110111112298299478604843901105010511052105310551056105710581059106010611062106310641065106610671068106910701072107510761077108510901091109210931094109510961097109811001101110211031104110511061107110811131114111511231124112511261127112811291130113111321133113411351136113711381139114011411142114311441145114611471148114911501151115211531155115611571159116011611162116311641170117111721209121112131214121512161217121812191220122112221223122412251226122712281229123012311232123312341235123612371238123912401241124212431244124512511252125312542465246624672471247224732474247524762477247824792561 
DOI: 10.1186/1471-2148-9-115

Ha, K., Takamura, N., Jang, M.-H. 2009 Microcystin production by Microcystis aeruginosa exposed to phytoplanktivorous and omnivorous fish at different kairomone concentrations. Bull. Environ. Contam. Toxicol., 83, 761-765.
Keywords: microcystin; kairomone; Hypophthalmichthys molitrix; Carassius gibelio langsdorfi
Strain(s): 89107 

Jang, M.-H., Jung, J.-M., Takamura, N. 2008 Microcystin production by Microcystis aeruginosa exposed to different stages of herbivorous zooplankton. Toxicon, 51, 882-889.
Keywords: Microcystis aeruginosa; induced defense; different stages of zooplankton; infochemicals; intracellular microcystin; extracellular microcystin
Strain(s): 98107 

Nybom, S. M. K., Salminen, S. J., Meriluoto, J. A. O. 2008 Specific strains of probiotic bacteria are efficient in removal of several different cyanobacterial toxins from solution. Toxicon, 52, 214-220.
Keywords: Cyanotoxin; Microcystin; Cylindrospermopsin; Probiotic bacteria; Bifidobacterium; Lactobacillus; Removal
Strain(s): 107 

Jang, M.-H., Ha, K., Takamura, N. 2007 Reciprocal allelopathic responses between toxic cyanobacteria (Microcystis aeruginosa) and duckweed (Lemna japonica). Toxicon, 49, 727-733.
Keywords: Microcystis aeruginosa Kützing; Lemna japonica Landolg; microcystin; allelochemicals; reciprocal allelopathic responses; growth; eutrophic waters
Strain(s): 107 

Jang, M.-H., Jung, J.-M., Takamura, N. 2007 Changes in microcystin production in cyanobacteria exposed to zooplankton at different population densities and infochemical concentrations. Limnol. Oceanogr., 52, 1454-1466.
Strain(s): 98107 

Tanabe, Y., Kasai, F., Watanabe, M. M. 2007 Multilocus sequence typing (MLST) reveals high genetic diversity and clonal population structure of the toxic cyanobacterium Microcystis aeruginosa. Microbiology, 153, 3695-3703.
Strain(s): 4487899091989910010210510610710810911011111229829947860484390193310501051105210531055105610571058105910601061106210631064106510661067106810691070107210751076107710851090109110921093109410951096109710981100110111021103110411051106110711081113111411151123112411251126112711281129113011311132113311341135113611371138113911401141114211431144114511461147114811491150115111521153115511561157115911601161116211631164117011711172120912111213121412151216121712181219122012211222122312241225122612271228122912301231123212331234123512361237123812391240124112421243124412451251125212531254 

Ando, T., Nagase, H., Eguchi, K., Hirooka, T., Nakamura, T., Miyamoto, K., Hirata, K. 2007 A novel method using cyanobacteria for ecotoxicity test of veterinary antimicrobial agents. Environ. Toxicol. Chem., 26, 601-606.
Keywords: Antimicrobial agent; Cyanobacterium; Ecotoxicity test; Algal toxicity
Strain(s): 192344107 

Meriluoto, J., Codd, G. A. (eds.) 2005 TOXIC: cyanobacterial monitoring and cyanotoxin analysis. Acta Acad. Aboensis, ser, B, Vol. 65(1), 149 pp.
Strain(s): 107 

Karlsson, K. 2005 Liquid chromatotraphy - mass spectrometry in distribution and bioaccumulation studies of toxic cyanopeptides. PhD thesis, Åbo Akademi University, Turku, Finland, 62 pp.
Strain(s): 107 

Tanabe, Y., Kaya, K., Watanabe, M. M. 2004 Evidence for recombination in the microcystin synthetase (mcy) genes of toxic cyanobacteria Microcystis spp. J. Mol. Evol., 58, 633-641.
Keywords: cyanobacteria; microcystin synthetase; Microcystis; NRPS; recombination; split decomposition
Strain(s): 8990102107 

Meriluoto, J., Karlsson, K., Spoof, L. 2004 High-throughput screening of ten microcystins and nodularins, cyanobacterial peptide hepatotoxins, by reversed-phase liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization mass spectrometry. Chromatographia, 59, 291-298.
Keywords: columun liquid chromatography; mass spectrometry detection; microcystins and nodularins; cyanobacteria; toxins
Strain(s): 107 

Spoof, L. 2004 High-performance liquid chromatography of microcystins and nodularins, cyanobacterial peptide toxins. PhD thesis, Åbo Akademi University, Turku, Finland, 73 pp.
Strain(s): 107 

Mori, F., Erata, M., Watanabe, M. M. 2002 Cryopreservation of cyanobacteria and green algae in the NIES-Collection. Microbiol. Cult. Coll., 18, 45-55.
Keywords: cryopreservation; cyanobacteria; green algae; FDA staining method; NIES-Collection
Strain(s): 1922232425262728293031323334353637383944454650515253545556576061626364656667707475787980818789909192939495979899100102105106107108109110111112119120123124127128129130131132133134135137138139144147148150151152153154155156157158159160162163164166167168169170171172173174175176177178179180181182183185186187188189191192193194195197198199200201202203205206207208209210211212213214215216217224226227228229230231232241242243244246248259262263266267268271287288289290294295297298299300301302303305306308309310311312313329336337338339340341342349351359360361362375378379380382384385390394396397415418419422423424426427429430431432433434436437438447448449450451452453457458459464468469474478479480481503504505506507509510512514515522523524527528529530531532536537538539540542543544545546564565566567568570572573574575576577579580581584585592593594595596597598604610628630631632633634635636637638639640641642643644645646647648649650651652653655656657658659660661662663664665666667672685686687688689690692693694718719720723724726727728729 

Tillett, D., Neilan, B. A. 2000 Xanthogenate nucleic acid isolation from cultured and environmental cyanobacteria. J. Phycol., 36, 251-258.
Keywords: cyanobacteria; DNA extraction; nucleic acids; PCR; xanthogenate
Strain(s): 81102107 

Neilan, B. A., Dittmann, E., Rouhiainen, L., Bass, R. A., Schaub, V., Sivonen, K., Börner, T. 1999 Nonribosomal peptide synthesis and toxigenicity of Cyanobacteria. J. Bacteriol., 181, 4089-4097.
Strain(s): 19248199102107 

Kondo, R., Kagiya, G., Yuki, Y., Hiroishi, S., Watanabe, M. 1998 Taxonomy of a bloom-forming cyanobacterial genus Microcystis. Nippon Suisan Gakkaishi, 64, 291-292 (in Japanese with English title).
Strain(s): 878990919899100102105106107108109110111112298299604 

Neilan, B. A., Jacobs, D., Goodman, A. E. 1995 Genetic diversity and phylogeny of toxic cyanobacteria determined by DNA polymorphisms within the phycocyanin locus. Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 61, 3875-3883.
Strain(s): 2444788081878998102107111112207298 

Neilan, B. A., Hawkins, P. R., Cox, P. T., Goodman, A. E. 1994 Towards a molecular taxonomy for the bloom-forming cyanobacteria. Aust. J. Mar. Freshwater Res., 45, 869-873.
Keywords: 16S rRNA; PCR; Microcystis; Anabaena; DNA sequence
Strain(s): 7889102107111 

Watanabe, M. M., Suda, S., Kasai, F., Sawaguchi, T. 1985 Axenic cultures of the three species of Microcystis (Cyanophyta = Cyanobacteria). Bull. JFCC, 1, 57-63.
Strain(s): 89102107111298 

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