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Strain number NIES-102  
Phylum Cyanophyta  
Class Cyanophyceae  
Scientific name Microcystis aeruginosa (Kützing) Lemmermann  
Synonym Microcystis ichthyoblabe Kützing; Microcystis novacekii (Komárek) Compère; Microcystis viridis (A.Brown) Lemmermann; Microcystis wesenbergii Komárek  
Former name Microcystis viridis (A.Brown) Lemmermann  
Common name Blue-green alga ; Cyanobacteria  
Locality (Date of collection) Lake Kasumigaura Ibaraki Japan (1982-09-**)  
Latitude / Longitude 36.0428477398 / 140.373233439 
Habitat (Isolation source) Freshwater (Lake water)  
History < Watanabe, Makoto M.  
Isolator (Date of isolation) Watanabe, Michiko H. (1982-09-**)  
Identified by Watanabe, Michiko H.  
State of strain Subculture; Unialgal; Clonal; Axenic[2014 Jan.]  
Culture condition
(Preculture condition)
Medium:  MA  
Temperature:  24 C
Light intensity:  14-17 µmol photons/m2/sec, L/D cycle:  10L:14D
Duration:  42 D  
Gene information 16S rRNA ( D89033 DQ648027 ) , cpcB, cpcA ( DQ648022 ) , 16S-ITS-23S ( AB638216 ) , 16S-ITS-23 ( AM773538 ) , ITS ( AB254443 ) , cas2 ( AB644436 ) , ftsZ ( AB324859 ) , glnA ( AB324938 ) , gltX ( AB325017 ) , gyrB ( AB014988 AB325096 ) , mcnC, mcnE ( AB481220 ) , mcyA ( AB110106 ) , mcyB ( EU151878 ) , mcyD ( AB110117 ) , mcyE ( AY382535 EU151892 ) , mcyG ( AB110128 ) , mcyJ ( AB110139 ) , mdnA ( FN667622 ) , mdnB ( FN668540 ) , pgi ( AB325175 ) , pirE ( JX129190 ) , recA ( AB325254 ) , rpoC1 ( AB333829 ) , tpi ( AB325333 ) , tufA ( EU151923 ) , dnaN, trp2, mcyJ ( AB254436 )  
Cell size (min - max) - 5 μm  
Characteristics Cyanobacterial water bloom (aoko) ; Toxicity ; ST10 (Tanabe, Y. et al. 2007)  
Other strain no. Other strain no. : K-MV-20  
Remarks Toxicity 
Imanishi, S. Y., Nakayama, T., Asukabe, H., Harada, K. 2017 Application of MALDI Biotyper to cyanobacterial profiling. Rapid Commun. Mass Spectrom., 31, 325-332.
Strain(s): 738910210310711229861180880983584398910251043105810711099164216521672 
PubMed: 27862451
DOI: 10.1002/rcm.7793

Anas, A. R. J., Nakajima, A., Naruse, C., Tone, M., Asukabe, H., Harada, K. 2016 Determination of fVIIa-sTF inhibitors in toxic Microcystis cyanobacteria by LC-MS technique. Mar. Drugs, 14, 7 (article ID).
Keywords: cyanobacteria; toxic Microcystis; anticoagulant; fVIIa-sTF inhibitors; peptides; aeruginosins; blood coagulation cascade
Strain(s): 891021031072981025104310581071108510991133 
PubMed: 26729138
DOI: 10.3390/md14010007

Kataoka, T., Homma, T., Nakano, S., Hodoki, Y., Ohbayashi, K., Kondo, R. 2013 PCR primers for selective detection of intra-species variations in the bloom-forming cyanobacterium, Microcystis. Harmful Algae, 23, 46-54.
Keywords: Microcystis aeruginosa; Quantitative PCR; 16S-23S rDNA ITS fegion; Selective detection; Intra-species variation
Strain(s): 4487909810210711111229860410621070 

Yoshida, T., Takashima, Y., Tomaru Y., Shirai, Y., Takao, Y., Hiroishi, S., Nagasaki, K. 2012 Intricate interactions between the bloom-forming cyanobacterium Microcystis aeruginosa and foreign genetic elements, revealed by diversified clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeat (CRISPR) signatures. Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 78, 5353-5360.
Strain(s): 87102298 
PubMed: 22636003
DOI: 10.1128/AEM.00626-12

Hodoki, Y., Ohbayashi, K., Kobayashi, Y., Okuda, N., Nakano, S. 2012 Detection and identification of potentially toxic cyanobacteria: ubiquitous distribution of Microcystis aeruginosa and Cuspidothrix issatschenkoi in Japanese lakes. Harmful Algae, 16, 49-57.
Keywords: Anatoxin-a; Automated rRNA intergenic spacer analysis (ARISA); Cuspidothrix issatschenkoi; Cyanotoxin; Microcystin; Microcystis aeruginosa
Strain(s): 30102111230512843932937991164516691698172919502116 

Tanabe, Y., Watanabe, M. M. 2011 Local expansion of a panmictic lineage of water bloom-forming cyanobacterium Microcystis aeruginosa. PLoS One, 6, e17085 (article ID).
Strain(s): 448789909198991001021051061071081091101111122982994786048439011050105110521053105510561057105810591060106110621063106410651066106710681069107010721075107610771085109010911092109310941095109610971098110011011102110311041105110611071108111311141115112311241125112611271128112911301131113211331134113511361137113811391140114111421143114411451146114711481149115011511152115311551156115711591160116111621163116411701171117211731174117511761177117911801181118311841185118612091211121312141215121612171218121912201221122212231224122512261227122812291230123112321233123412351236123712381239124012411242124312441245125112521253125420882089209020912465246624672468247124722473247424752476247724782479248024812482248324842485248624872488248924902491249224932494249524962546254725482549255025512552255325542555255625572558255925602561259125922593259425952596259725982599260026012602260326042605260626072608260926102611261226132617261826192620262126222623262426252626262726282629 

Shimada, K., Kitamura, N., Yoshida, Y., Matsushima, H., Asada, Y. 2010 Effects of water soluble extract from the dead leaves of deciduous trees on the growth control of toxic cyanobacteria like Microcystis aeruginosa. In Water Pollution X, Eds. by Marinov, A. M. & Brebbia, C. A., WIT Press, Bucharest. p. 71-82.
Strain(s): 102 

Kuno, S., Yoshida, T., Kamikawa, R., Hosoda, N., Sako, Y. 2010 The distribution of a phage-related insertion sequence element in the cyanobacterium, Microcystis aeruginosa. Microbes. Environ., 25, 295-301.
Keywords: cyanobacteria; Microcystis; cyanophage; insertion sequence; horizontal gene transfer
Strain(s): 90919899102112298604843105810671070108610981105 

Ziemert, N., Ishida, K., Weiz, A., Hertweck, C., Dittmann, E. 2010 Exploiting the natural diversity of microviridin gene clusters for discovery of novel tricyclic depsipeptides. Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 76, 3568-3574.
Strain(s): 100102843 

Tanabe, Y., Sano, T., Kasai, F., Watanabe, M. M. 2009b Recombination, cryptic clades and neutral molecular divergence of the microcystin synthetase (mcy) genes of toxic cyanobacterium Microcystis aeruginosa. BMC Evol. Biol., 9, 115 (article ID).
Strain(s): 44878990919899100102105106107108109110111112298299478604843901105010511052105310551056105710581059106010611062106310641065106610671068106910701072107510761077108510901091109210931094109510961097109811001101110211031104110511061107110811131114111511231124112511261127112811291130113111321133113411351136113711381139114011411142114311441145114611471148114911501151115211531155115611571159116011611162116311641170117111721209121112131214121512161217121812191220122112221223122412251226122712281229123012311232123312341235123612371238123912401241124212431244124512511252125312542465246624672471247224732474247524762477247824792561 
DOI: 10.1186/1471-2148-9-115

Ha, J. H., Hidaka, T., Tsuno, H. 2009 Quantification of toxic Microcystis and evolution of its dominance ratio in blooms using real-time PCR. Environ. Sci. Technol., 43, 812-818.
Strain(s): 102 
PubMed: 19245020
DOI: 10.1021/es801265f

Harada, K-I., Ozaki, K., Tsuzuki, S., Kato, H., Hasegawa, M., Kuroda, E. K., Arii, S., Tsuji, K. 2009 Blue color formation of cyanobacteria with b-cyclocitral. J. Chem. Ecol., 35, 1295-1301.
Keywords: b-cyclocitral; cyanobacteria; lysis; blue color formation; acid stress
Strain(s): 102112298611808 

Ozaki, K., Ito, E., Tanabe, S., Natsume, K., Tsuji, K., Harada, K. 2009 Electron microscopic study on lysis of a cyanobacterium Microcystis. J. Health Sci., 55, 578-585.
Keywords: cyanobacteria; scanning electron microscope; transmission electron microscope; morphological change; b-cyclocitral; L-lysine
Strain(s): 102298 

Cadel-Six, S., Dauga, C., Castets, A. M., Rippka, R., Bouchier, C., de Marsac, N. T., Welker, M. 2008 Halogenase genes in nonribosomal peptide synthetase gene clusters of Microcystis (Cyanobacteria): sporadic distribution and evolution. Mol. Biol. Evol., 25, 2031-2041.
Keywords: halogenase; cyanopeptolin; aeruginosin; DNA rearrangement; secondary peptide metabolite; chlorination; internal transcribed spacer; phylogeny
Strain(s): 8998102298 
PubMed: 18614525
DOI: 10.1093/molbev/msn150

Yoshida, M., Yoshida, T., Satomi, M., Takashima, Y., Hosoda, N., Hiroishi, S. 2008 Intra-specific phenotypic and genotypic variation in toxic cyanobacterial Microcystis aeruginosa. J. Appl. Phycol., 105, 407-415.
Keywords: API ZYM; diversity; microcystin; Microcystis; phylogeny; population; taxonomy; toxic; cyanobacteria
Strain(s): 102112298604105510581062107010911105 

Ozaki, K., Ohta, A., Iwata, C., Horikawa, A., Tsuji, K., Ito, E., Ikai, Y., Harada, K-I. 2008 Lysis of cyanobacteria with volatile organic compounds. Chemosphere, 71, 1531-1538.
Keywords: Cyanobacteria; Lysis; Microorganism; Volatile compound; b-Cyclocitral
Strain(s): 102112298 
PubMed: 18179811
DOI: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2007.11.052

Nakasugi, K., Alexova, R., Svenson, C. J., Neilan, B. A. 2007 Functional Analysis of PilT from the Toxic Cyanobacterium Microcystis aeruginosa PCC 7806. J. Bacteriol., 189, 1689-1697.
Strain(s): 102 

Wu, Z. X., Gan, N. Q., Song, L. R. 2007 Genetic diversity: geographical distribution and toxin profiles of Microcystis strains (cyanobacteria) in China. J. Integr. Plant Biol., 49(3), 262-269.
Keywords: diversity; geographical distribution; microcystin; Microcystis
Strain(s): 98102 

Tanabe, Y., Kasai, F., Watanabe, M. M. 2007 Multilocus sequence typing (MLST) reveals high genetic diversity and clonal population structure of the toxic cyanobacterium Microcystis aeruginosa. Microbiology, 153, 3695-3703.
Strain(s): 4487899091989910010210510610710810911011111229829947860484390193310501051105210531055105610571058105910601061106210631064106510661067106810691070107210751076107710851090109110921093109410951096109710981100110111021103110411051106110711081113111411151123112411251126112711281129113011311132113311341135113611371138113911401141114211431144114511461147114811491150115111521153115511561157115911601161116211631164117011711172120912111213121412151216121712181219122012211222122312241225122612271228122912301231123212331234123512361237123812391240124112421243124412451251125212531254 

Koskenniemi, K., Lyra, C., Rajaniemi-Wacklin, P., Jokela, J., Sivonen, K. 2007 Quantitative real-time PCR detection of toxic Nodularia cyanobacteria in the Baltic Sea. Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 73, 2173-2179.
Strain(s): 8189102 

Kitamura, N., Nakagawa, T., Yoshida, Y., Matsushima, H., Asada, Y. 2006 Studies on the growth control of toxic cyanobacteria by use of the water-extracts from the dead leaves of deciduous trees. Environ. Eng. Res. [Kankyô-kôgaku Kenkyû Ronbunshû], 43, 543-549.
Keywords: growth control; Microcystis aeruginosa; dead-leaves; deciduous trees; condensed tannin
Strain(s): 102 

Yoshida, T., Takashima, Y., Tomaru Y., Shirai, Y., Takao, Y., Hiroishi, S., Nagasaki, K. 2006 Isolation and characterization of a cyanophage infecting the toxic cyanobacterium Microcystis aeruginosa. Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 72, 1239-1247.
Strain(s): 44879098102111112298604 

Tanabe, Y., Kaya, K., Watanabe, M. M. 2004 Evidence for recombination in the microcystin synthetase (mcy) genes of toxic cyanobacteria Microcystis spp. J. Mol. Evol., 58, 633-641.
Keywords: cyanobacteria; microcystin synthetase; Microcystis; NRPS; recombination; split decomposition
Strain(s): 8990102107 

Takamura, Y., Yamada, T., Kimoto, A., Kanehama, N., Tanaka, T., Nakadaira, S., Yagi, O. 2004 Growth inhibiton of Microcystis cyanobacteria by L-lysine and disappearance of natural Microcystis blooms with spraying. Microbes. Environ., 19, 31-39.
Keywords: Microcystis cyanobacteria; L-lysine; growth inhibition; water bloom; Euglena; Phormidium
Strain(s): 102 

Hirabayashi, R., Imamura, N. 2003 Action mechanism of a selective anti-cyanobacterial compound, argimicin A. J. Antibiotics, 56, 154-159.
Strain(s): 4581102230298592 

Yamaguchi, T., Kobayashi, Y., Adachi, K., Imamura, N. 2003 Argimicins B and C, new anti-cyanobacterial compounds produced by Sphingomonas sp. M-17. J. Antibiot., 56, 655-657.
Strain(s): 4581102230298592 

Yoshida, T., Yuki, Y., Lei, S., Chinen, H., Yoshida, M., Kondo, R., Hiroishi, S. 2003 Quantitative detection of toxic strains of the cyanobacterial genus Microcystis by competitive PCR. Microbes. Environ., 18, 16-23.
Keywords: competitive PCR; microcystin; Microcystis; peptide synthetase; toxic cyanobacteria
Strain(s): 878990102105106108109110111112298299604 

Mori, F., Erata, M., Watanabe, M. M. 2002 Cryopreservation of cyanobacteria and green algae in the NIES-Collection. Microbiol. Cult. Coll., 18, 45-55.
Keywords: cryopreservation; cyanobacteria; green algae; FDA staining method; NIES-Collection
Strain(s): 1922232425262728293031323334353637383944454650515253545556576061626364656667707475787980818789909192939495979899100102105106107108109110111112119120123124127128129130131132133134135137138139144147148150151152153154155156157158159160162163164166167168169170171172173174175176177178179180181182183185186187188189191192193194195197198199200201202203205206207208209210211212213214215216217224226227228229230231232241242243244246248259262263266267268271287288289290294295297298299300301302303305306308309310311312313329336337338339340341342349351359360361362375378379380382384385390394396397415418419422423424426427429430431432433434436437438447448449450451452453457458459464468469474478479480481503504505506507509510512514515522523524527528529530531532536537538539540542543544545546564565566567568570572573574575576577579580581584585592593594595596597598604610628630631632633634635636637638639640641642643644645646647648649650651652653655656657658659660661662663664665666667672685686687688689690692693694718719720723724726727728729 

Yuki, Y., Yoshida, T., Hiroishi, S. 2002 Molecular detection of the toxic cyanobacteria [Yûdoku aoko no bunshi-shikibetsu to yosatsu he-no ôyô]. In Series of Fisheries Science Vol. 143, Prevention and Extermination Strategies of Harmful Algal Blooms [Suisan-gaku shirîzu 134, Yûgai-yûdoku sôrui burûmu no yobô to kujo] , Eds. by Hiroishi, S., Imai, I. & Ishimaru, T., Koseisha-Koseikaku, Tokyo, p. 43-53 (in Japanese without English title).
Strain(s): 81878990919899100102105106108109110111112230298299604 

Imamura, N., Motoike, I., Shimada, N., Nishikori, M., Morisaki, H., Fukami, H. 2001 An efficient screening approach for anti-Microcystis compounds based on knowledge of aquatic microbial ecosystem. J. Antibiotics, 54, 582-587.
Strain(s): 102228 

Imamura, N., Motoike, I., Noda, M., Adachi, K., Konno, A., Fukami, H. 2000 Argimicin A, a novel anti-cyanobacterial compound produced by an algae-lysing bacterium. J. Antibiotics, 53, 1317-1319.
Strain(s): 102298 

Kondo, R., Kagiya, G., Hiroishi, S., Watanabe, M. 2000 Genetic typing of a bloom-forming cyanobacterial genus Microcystis in Japan using 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis. Plankton Biol. Ecol., 47, 1-6.
Keywords: genetic typing; 16S rDNA; Microcystis; cyanobacteria; phylogenetic analysis
Strain(s): 878990919899100102105106108109110111112298299604105510611068107610901091110511421164 

Kondo, R., Kagiya, G., Komura, M., Yuki, Y., Hiroishi, S., Watanabe, M. 2000 Molecular taxonomy of a bloom-forming cyanobacterial genus Microcystis. Bull. Plankton Soc. Japan, 47, 25-33 (in Japanese with English summary).
Keywords: cyanobacteria; Microcystis; bacterial criteria; molecular analysis
Strain(s): 878990919899100102105106108109110111112298299604105510611068107610901091110511421164 

Kondo, R., Yoshida, T., Yuki, Y., Hiroishi, S. 2000 DNA-DNA reassociation among a bloom-forming cyanobacterial genus, Microcystis. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 50, 67-770.
Keywords: DNA hybridization; DNA G+C content; cyanobacteria; Microcystis
Strain(s): 878998102111112298604 

Metcalf, J. S., Bell, S. G., Codd, G. A. 2000 Production of novel polyclonal antibodies against the cyanobacterial toxin microcystin-LR and their application for the detection and quantification of microcystins and nodularin. Wat. Res., 34, 2761-2769.
Keywords: cyanobacteria; blue-green algae; microcystin; toxins; antibodies; immunoassays
Strain(s): 42102595 

Tillett, D., Neilan, B. A. 2000 Xanthogenate nucleic acid isolation from cultured and environmental cyanobacteria. J. Phycol., 36, 251-258.
Keywords: cyanobacteria; DNA extraction; nucleic acids; PCR; xanthogenate
Strain(s): 81102107 

Kondo, R., Kagiya, G., Hiroishi, S., Watanabe, M., Hata, Y. 1999 Rapid DNA extraction from a bloom-forming cyanobacterium. Microbes. Environ., 14, 157-161.
Keywords: DNA extraction; PCR; Microcystis; cyanobacteria
Strain(s): 878990919899100102105106108109110111112298299604105510611068107610901091110511421164 

Yamaguchi, M., Ogawa, T., Muramoto, K., Kamio, Y., Jimbo, M., Kamiya, H. 1999 Isolation and characterization of a mannan-binding lectin from the freshwater cyanobacterium (blue-green algae) Microcystis viridis. Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun., 265, 703-708.
Keywords: Microcystis viridis; lectin; cyanobacterium; mannan-binding lectin; blue-green algae; hemaggulutinin
Strain(s): 102 

Neilan, B. A., Dittmann, E., Rouhiainen, L., Bass, R. A., Schaub, V., Sivonen, K., Börner, T. 1999 Nonribosomal peptide synthesis and toxigenicity of Cyanobacteria. J. Bacteriol., 181, 4089-4097.
Strain(s): 19248199102107 

Kondo, R., Kagiya, G., Yuki, Y., Hiroishi, S., Watanabe, M. 1998 Taxonomy of a bloom-forming cyanobacterial genus Microcystis. Nippon Suisan Gakkaishi, 64, 291-292 (in Japanese with English title).
Strain(s): 878990919899100102105106107108109110111112298299604 

Li, R., Yokota, A., Sugiyama, J., Watanabe, M., Hiroki, M., Watanabe, M. M. 1998 Chemotaxonomy of planktonic cyanobacteria based on non-polar and 3-hydroxy fatty acid composition. Phycol. Res., 46, 21-28.
Keywords: 3-hydroxy fatty acids; chemotaxonomy; fatty acid; non-polar fatty acids; planktonic cyanobacteria
Strain(s): 274478798081878998102111112205207298604810821825826 

Sugiura, N., Iwami, N., Itayama, T., Inamori, Y. 1997 Population dynamics of grazer Monas guttula and prey Microcystis viridis using aquatic large scale microcosm. J. Jpn. Soc. Wat. Environ., 20, 332-337.
Keywords: disappearance process; grazer; Microcystis; microflagellate; large scale microcosm
Strain(s): 102 

Ward, C. J., Beattie, K. A., Lee, E. Y. C., Codd, G. A. 1997 Colorimetric protein phosphatase inhibition assay of laboratory strains and natural blooms of cyanobacteria: comparisons with high-performance liquid chromatographic analysis for microcystins. FEMS Mircobiol. Lett., 153, 465-473.
Keywords: Microcystin; Protein phosphatase; Cyanobacteria; High-performance liquid chromatography
Strain(s): 42102298595 

Iwami, N., Inamori, Y., Sugiura, N., Matsumura, M. 1996 Degradation characteris-tics of toxic Microcystis viridis by Mastigophora, Monas guttula using aquatic large scale microcosm. J. Jpn. Soc. Wat. Environ. 19, 140-146.
Keywords: degradation; Microcystis; microflagellate; toxic substance; aquatic large scale microcosm
Strain(s): 102 

Matsuda, H., Okino, T., Murakami, M., Yamaguchi, K. 1996 Aeruginosins 102-A and B, new thrombin inhibitors from the cyanobacterium Microcystis viridis (NIES-102). Tetrahedron, 52, 14501-14506.
Strain(s): 102 

Sakamoto, S., Yamaguchi, M., Watanabe, M. F., Watanabe, M., Kamiya, H. 1996 Distribution and characterization of lectins from natural and cultured Microcystis spp. In Harmful and Toxic Algal Blooms, Eds. by Yasumoto, T., Oshima, Y. & Fukuyo, Y., Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission of UNESCO 1996, p. 569-572.
Strain(s): 1001021062981057106110661080 

Neilan, B. A., Jacobs, D., Goodman, A. E. 1995 Genetic diversity and phylogeny of toxic cyanobacteria determined by DNA polymorphisms within the phycocyanin locus. Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 61, 3875-3883.
Strain(s): 2444788081878998102107111112207298 

Neilan, B. A., Hawkins, P. R., Cox, P. T., Goodman, A. E. 1994 Towards a molecular taxonomy for the bloom-forming cyanobacteria. Aust. J. Mar. Freshwater Res., 45, 869-873.
Keywords: 16S rRNA; PCR; Microcystis; Anabaena; DNA sequence
Strain(s): 7889102107111 

Kasai, F., Takamura, N., Hatakeyama, S. 1993 Effects of simetryne on growth of various freshwater algal taxa. Environ. Pollut., 79, 77-83.
Strain(s): 3544102137151230231255275280298 

Inamori, Y., Ohno, Y., Kaya, K., Watanabe, M. M., Sudo, R. 1990 Studies on the removal and decomposition of Microcystis viridis toxic substance in the bio-film reactor. Jpn. J. Water Poll. Res., 13, 525-530 (in Japanese with English summary).
Keywords: Microcystis viridis; toxic substance cyanoviridin; bio-film reactor; hydraulic retention time
Strain(s): 102 

Ishitsuka, M. O., Kusumi, T., Kakisawa, H., Kaya, K., Watanabe, M. M. 1990 Microviridin: a novel tricyclic depsipeptide from the toxic cyanobacterium Microcystis viridis. J. Am. Chem. Soc., 112, 8180-8182.
Strain(s): 102 

Kaya, K., Watanabe, M. M. 1990 Microcystin composition of an axenic clonal strain of Microcystis viridis and Microcystis viridis-containing waterblooms in Japanese freshwaters. J. Appl. Phycol., 2, 173-178.
Keywords: axenic Microcystis viridis; microcystin; toxic waterbloom; Japanese lakes
Strain(s): 102 

Yamamoto, Y., Suzuki, K. 1990 Distribution and algal-lysing activity of fruiting myxobacteria in Lake Suwa. J. Phycol., 26, 457-462.
Keywords: algal-lysing activity; cyanobacteria; fruiting myxobacteria
Strain(s): 194499102112 

Ooi, T., Kusumi, T., Kakisawa, H., Watanabe, M. M. 1989 Structure of cyanoviridin RR, a toxin from the blue-green alga, Microcystis viridis. J. Appl. Phycol., 1, 31-38.
Keywords: blue-green alga; Microcystis viridis; cyanoviridin RR; microcystin RR, toxins
Strain(s): 102 

Watanabe, M. M. 1989 Toxicity of algae [Sôrui no dokusei]. Jpn. J. Water Poll. Res., 12, 750-756 (in Japanese without English title).
Strain(s): 102 

Yamaguchi, K., Murakami, M., Okino, T. 1989 Screening of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitory activities in microalgae. J. Appl. Phycol., 1, 271-275.
Keywords: angiotensin converting enzyme; inhibitor; microalgae; peptide; screening
Strain(s): 100102114 

Kusumi, T., Ooi, T., Watanabe, M. M. Takahashi, H., Kakisawa, H. 1987 Cyanoviridin RR, a toxin from the cyanobacterium (blue-green alga) Microcystis viridis. Tetrahedron Letters, 28, 4695-4698.
Strain(s): 102 

Watanabe, M. M., Suda, S., Kasai, F., Sawaguchi, T. 1985 Axenic cultures of the three species of Microcystis (Cyanophyta = Cyanobacteria). Bull. JFCC, 1, 57-63.
Strain(s): 89102107111298 

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