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Strain number NIES-35  
Phylum Chlorophyta  
Class Chlorophyceae  
Scientific name Pseudokirchneriella subcapitata (Korshikov) Hindák  
Synonym Ankistrodesmus subcapitata Korshikov; Kirchneriella subcapitata Korshikov; Raphidocelis subcapitata (Korshikov) Nygaard  
Former name Selenastrum capricornutum (Printz) Nygaard  
Common name Green alga  
Locality (Date of collection) Nitelva River Norway (-----)  
Latitude / Longitude  
Habitat (Isolation source) Freshwater  
History < Yagi, Osami  
Isolator (Date of isolation) Skulberg, O. M. (1959-**-**)  
Identified by -----  
State of strain Subculture / Cryopreservation; Unialgal; Clonal; Axenic[2016 Jun]  
Culture condition
(Preculture condition)
Medium:  CC (agar)  
Temperature:  20 (25) C
Light intensity:  4-10 (15-19) µmol photons/m2/sec, L/D cycle:  10L:14D
Duration:  3 M (14 D)  
Gene information  
Cell size (min - max) 5 - 12 μm  
Characteristics Test strain for AGP  
Other strain no. Other collection strain no. : ATCC 22662; CCAP 278/4; SAG 61.81; UTEX 1648
Other strain no. : P-26  
Watanabe, H., Tamura, I., Abe, R. Takanobu, H., Nakamura, A., Suzuki, T., Hirose, A., Nishimura, T., Tatarazako, N. 2016 Chronic toxicity of an environmentally relevant mixture of pharmaceuticals to three aquatic organisms (alga, daphnid, and fish). Environ. Toxicol. Chem., 35, 996-1006.
Keywords: Mixture toxicity; Pharmaceutical; Short-term chronic toxicity test; Concentration addition; Independent action
Strain(s): 35 
DOI: 10.1002/etc.3285

Yagi, Satoshi, Kawakami, H., Fujiwara, T., Ishikawa, N., Ito, A., Sasamoto, M., Umita, T. 2016 Individual and combined toxicity of antibacterial substances to green alga Pseudokirchneriella subcapitata. J. Jpn. Soc. Wat. Environ., 3, 63-70 (in Japanese with English summary).
Keywords: Green algar; EC50; Toxicity test; Antibacterial substance; Combined toxicity
Strain(s): 35 
DOI: 10.2965/jswe.39.63

Mano, H., Okamoto, S. 2016 Preliminary ecological risk assessment of 10 PPCPs and their contributions to the toxicity of concentrated surface water on an algal species in the middle basin of Tama River. J. Water Environ. Technol., 14, 423-436.
Keywords: bioassay; environmental risk; hazard quotien
Strain(s): 35 
DOI: 10.2965/jwet.15-045

Mori, I. C., Arias-Barreiro, C. R., Koutsaftis, A., Ogo, A., Kawano, T., Yoshizuka, K., Inayat-Hussain, S. H., Aoyama, I. 2015 Toxicity of tetramethylammonium hydroxide to aquatic organisms and its synergistic action with potassium iodide. Chemosphere, 120, 299-304.
Keywords: Tetramethylammonium hydroxide; Potassium iodide; Aquatic toxicity; Synergism; D. magna; Semiconductor wastewater
Strain(s): 35 
DOI: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2014.07.011

Mano, H., Takeda, F., Kitamura, T., Okamoto, S., Kobayashi, K., Takabatake, H., Yamashita, N., Tanaka, H. 2015 Evalutation of toxicity reduction of treated wastewater by NF and RO membrane technologies based on algal growth inhibition test and short term toxicity test on embryo and sac-fry stages of Medaka. J. Jpn. Soc. Civill Engineers, Ser. G (Environmental Research), 71, (in Japanese with English summary).
Keywords: bioassay; nanofiltration membrane; reclaimed water; reverse osmosis membrane; toxicity
Strain(s): 35 
DOI: 10.2208/jscejer.71.III_179

Itatsu, Y., Takano, T., Jin, J., Fukutomi, M., Kusui, T. 2015 Ecotoxicological assessment of industrial effluents: Toxicity characterization and impact on receiving water. J. Environ. Chem., 25, 19-26 (in Japanese with English summary).
Keywords: whole effluent toxicity; industrial effluent; toxicity characterization
Strain(s): 35 
DOI: 10.5985/jec.25.19

Tasmin, R., Shimasaki, Y., Tsuyama, M., qiu, X., Khalil, F., Okino, N., Yamada, N., Fukuda, S., Kang, I.-J., Oshima, Y. 2014 Elevated water temperature reduces the acute toxicity of the widely used herbicide diuron to a green alga, Pseudokirchneriella subcapitata. Environ. Sci. Pollut. Res., 21, 1064-1070.
Keywords: Diuron; Pseudokirchneriella subcapitata; Water temperature; Photosynthetic activity; Intracellular H2O2.
Strain(s): 35 
DOI: 10.1007/s11356-013-1989-y

Kusumi, T., Takata, Y., Itatsu, Y., Zha, J. 2014 Whole effluent toxicity assessment of industrial effluents in Toyama, Japan with a battery of short-term chronic bioassays. J. Water Environ. Technol., 12, 55-63.
Keywords: aqquatic organism; ecotoxic effect; industrial effluent; whole effluent toxicity (WET)
Strain(s): 35 
DOI: 10.2965/jwet.2014.55

Takeda, F., Nakano, K., Aikawa, Y., Nishimura, O., Shimada, Y., Fukuro, S., Nakazawa, T., Tanaka, H., Hayashi, N., Inamori, Y. 2014 Analysis of impact of allelopathy by submerged macrophytes simulated by ecosystem model on microalgal biomass and community. J. Jpn. Soc. Wat. Environ., 15, 15-28 (in Japanese with English summary).
Keywords: Allelopathy; Potamogeton pusillus; E cosystem model; M icroalgal community; Cladoceran
Strain(s): 3587 

Takeuchi, A., Katsumata, M., Koike, T., Takata, Y., Itatsu, Y., Kusui, T. 2014 Comparison of the conventional algal growth inhibition tests using cell counting and algal bioassay using delayed fluorescence: application to industrial effluents. J. Water Environ. Technol., 12, 367-377.
Keywords: algal growth inhibition test; delayed fluorescence; rapid bioassay; whole effluent toxixity
Strain(s): 35 

Nakano, S., Chang, K.-H., Shijima, A., Miyamoto, H., Sato, Y., Noto, Y., Ha, J.-Y., Sakamoto, M. 2014 A usage of CO 2 hydrate: Convenient method to increase CO 2 concentration in culturing algae. Biores. Technol., 172, 444-448.
Keywords: CO 2; Algal culture; Pseudokirchneriella; Population growth
Strain(s): 35 
DOI: 10.1016/j.biortech.2014.09.019

Nagai, T., Taya, K., Annoh, H., Ishihara, S. 2013 Application of a fluorometric microplate algal toxicity assay for riverine periphytic algal species. Ecotox. Environ. Safe., 94, 37-44.
Keywords: Attached algae; In-vivo fluorescence; Pesticides; Species sensitivity distribution
Strain(s): 357173414487512797 
DOI: 10.1016/j.ecoenv.2013.04.020

Shoji, R., Okita, N., nakanishi, H. 2013 Analysis of the effects of humic acid extracter from the Tama River sediment on the Pseudokirchneriella subcapitata growth inhibition by copper by NICA (non-ideal competitive adsorption)-Donnan model. J. Jpn. Soc. Wat. Environ., 36, 1-9 (in Japanese with English summary).
Keywords: River sediment; Ecotoxicity; Heavy metal
Strain(s): 35 

Tamura, I., Kagota, K., Yasuda, Y., Yoneda, S., Morita, J., Nakada, N., Kameda, Y., Kimura, K., Tatarazako, N., Yamamoto, H. 2013 Ecotoxicity and screening level ecotoxicological risk assessment of five antimicrobial agents: triclosan, triclocarban, resorcinol, phenoxyethanol and p-thymol. J. Appl. Toxicol., 33, 1222-1229
Keywords: antimicrobial agents; triclosan; triclocarban; phenoxyethanol; ecotoxicity; green algae; Ceriodaphnia dubia; ecological risk
Strain(s): 35 

Nagai, T., Horio, T., Yokoyama, A., Kamiya, T., Takano, H., Makino, T. 2012 Ecological risk assessment of on-site soil washing with iron(III) chloride in cadmium-contaminated paddy field. Ecotox. Environ. Safe., 80, 84-90.
Keywords: Risk assessment; Soil washing; Bioassay; Species sensitivity distribution
Strain(s): 35 

Ioki, M., Ohkoshi, M., Nakajima, N., Nakahira-Yanaka, Y., Watanabe, M. M. 2012 Isolation of herbicide-resistant mutants of Botryococcus braunii. Biores. Technol., 109, 300-303.
Keywords: Botryococcus braunii; Paraquat; Methyl viologen; Basta; Glufosinate
Strain(s): 351192272302235 
DOI: 10.1016/j.biortech.2011.07.101

Suda, T., Hata, T., Kawai, S., Okamura, H., Nishida, T. 2012 Treatment of tetracycline antibiotics by laccase in the presence of 1-hydroxybenzotriazole. Biores. Technol., 103, 498-501.
Keywords: Tetracycline antibiotics; Bacterial growth inhibition; Algal growth inhibition; Laccase; 1-Hydroxybenzotriazole
Strain(s): 35 
DOI: 10.1016/j.biortech.2011.10.041

Nagai, T., Ishihara, S., Yokoyama, A., Iwafune, T. 2011 Effects of four paddy herbicides on algal cell variability and the relationship with population recovery. Environ. Toxicol. Chem., 30, 1898-1905.
Keywords: pesticide; ecological risk; flow cytometry; green algae
Strain(s): 35 

Inoue, Y., Hata, T., Kawai, S., Okamura,H., Nishida, T. 2010 Elimination and detoxification of triclosan by manganese peroxidase from white rot fungus. J. Hazard. Mater., 180, 764-767.
Keywords: Triclosan; Bacterial growth inhibition; Algal growth inhibition; Manganese peroxidase; Ligninolytic enzymes; White rot fungi
Strain(s): 35 

Shoji, R., Nkayama, H., Sakai, Y., Mohri, S., Yamada, M. 2008 Evaluation of the ecotoxicity of solid wastes using rapid leaching test and bioassays. J. Environ. Sci. Health Part A-Toxic/Hazard. Subst. Environ. Eng. , 43, 1048-1053.
Keywords: Heavy metals; ecotoxicity; organic compounds; rapid leaching test; bioassays
Strain(s): 35 

Murakami, M., Sato, N., Anegawa, A., Nakada, N., Harada, A., Komatsu, T., Takada, H., Tanaka, H., Ono, Y., Furumai, H. 2008 Multiple evaluations of the removal of pollutants in road runoff by soil infiltration. Wat. Res., 42, 2745-2755.
Keywords: Groundwater contamination; Infiltration facility; Road dust; Urban runoff; Soil infiltration column test; Water-soluble micropollutants
Strain(s): 35 

Yamamoto, H., Nakamura, Y., Nakamura, Y., Kitani, C., Imari, T., Sekizawa, J., Takao, Y., Yamashita, N., Hirai, N., Oda, S., Takarazako, N. 2007 Initial ecological risk assessment of eight selected human pharmaceuticals in Japan. Environ. Sci., 14, 177-193.
Keywords: pharmaceuticals; initial risk assessment; aquatic organisms; predicted no effect concentration
Strain(s): 35 

Nakajima, N., Teramoto, T., Kasai, F., Sano, T., Tamaoki, M., Aono, M., Kubo, A., Kamada, H., Azumi, Y., Saji, H. 2007 Glycosylation of bisphenol A by freshwater microalgae. Chemosphere, 69, 934-941.
Keywords: Metabolite; Glucoside; Galactoside; Endocrine disruptors
Strain(s): 359496151245424468763 
DOI: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2007.05.088

Takei, T., Odake, H., Miura, K., Takagi, Y. 2006 Ecotoxicity of tetradecanoic acid, 2-sulfo-, 1-metylester, sodium salt (C14MES). J. Oleo Sci., 55, 121-126.
Keywords: MES; ecotoxicity; alga; daphnia; reproduction
Strain(s): 35 

Yamashita, N., Yasojima, M., Nakada, N., Miyajima, K., Komori, K., Suzuki, Y., Tanaka, H. 2006 Effects of antibacterial agents, levofloxacin and clarithromycin, on aquatic organisms. Water Sci. Technol., 53, 65-72.
Keywords: antibacterial agent; clarithromycin; ecotoxicity; levofloxacin; risk
Strain(s): 35 

Yamashita, N., Tanaka, H., Miyajima, K., Suzuki, Y. 2006 Evaluation of effect of seaage effluent on river water quality using AGP and algal growth inhibition tests. J. JSCE, 62, 191-200 (in Japanese with English summary).
Keywords: AGP test; algal growth inhibition test; sewage effluent; Tama River
Strain(s): 35 

Hatakeyama, S. 2006 Assessment of overall herbicide effects on river ecosystems through periphyton and aquatic plants. Jpn. J. Environ. Toxicol., 9, 51-60 (in Japanese with English title).
Strain(s): 35 

Katsumata, M., Koike, T., Nishikawa, M., Kazumura, K., Tsuchiya, H. 2006 Rapid ecotoxicological bioassay using delayed fluorescence in the green alga Pseudokirchneriella subcapitata. Wat. Res., 40, 3393-3400.
Keywords: Delayed fluorescence; Algal growth inhibition test; Pseudokirchneriella subcapitata; Simazine (CAT); 3,5-dichlorophenol (3,5-DCP)
Strain(s): 35 

Kamaya,Y., Tsuboi, S., Takada, T., Suzuki, K. 2006 Growth stimulation and inhibition effects of 4-hydroxybenzoic acid and some related compounds on the freshwater green alga Pseudokirchneriella subcapitata. Arch. Environ. Contam. Toxicol., 51, 537-541.
Strain(s): 35 

Kaneko, H., Shimada, A. Hirayama, K. 2004 Short-term algal toxicity test based on phosphate uptake. Wat. Res., 38, 2173-2177.
Keywords: Selenastrum capricornutum; Phosphate uptake; Short-term toxicity test
Strain(s): 35 

Ando, T., Otsuka, S., Nishiyama, M., Sendo, K., Watanabe, M. M., Matsumoto, S. 2003 Toxic effects of dichloromethane and trichloroethlene on the growth of planktonic green algae, Chlorella vulgaris NIES227, Selenastrum capricornutum NIES35, and Volvulina steinii NIES545. Microbes. Environ., 18, 43-46.
Keywords: algal growth potential (AGP); bioindicator; dichloromethane; organic solvents; trichloroethlene
Strain(s): 35227545 

Mori, F., Erata, M., Watanabe, M. M. 2002 Cryopreservation of cyanobacteria and green algae in the NIES-Collection. Microbiol. Cult. Coll., 18, 45-55.
Keywords: cryopreservation; cyanobacteria; green algae; FDA staining method; NIES-Collection
Strain(s): 19212223242526272829303132333435363738394041444546505152535455565758596061626364656667686970737475767778798081878990919293949596979899100101102103104105106107108109110111112119120122123124125127128129130131132133134135137138139144147148150151152153154155156157158159160162163164165166167168169170171172173174175176177178179180181182183185186187188189191192193194195197198199200201202203204205206207208209210211212213214215216217224226227228229230231232241242243244245246248257259261262263266267268271287288289290294295297298299300301302303305306308309310311312313329334336337338339340341342349351359360361362375378379380382384385390394396397398415416418419421422423424425426427428429430431432433434436437438439440446447448449450451452453454455456457458459460464468469474478479480481503504505506507509510512514515522523524527528529530531532536537538539540541542543544545546564565566567568569570571572573574575576577578579580581582583584585592593594595596597598604610628630631632633634635636637638639640641642643644645646647648649650651652653654655656657658659660661662663664665666667672685686687688689690691692693694717718719720721722723724725726727728729 

Okamura, H., Piao, M., Aoyama, I., Sudo, M., Okubo, T., Nakamura, M. 2002 Algal growth inhibition by river water pollutants in the agricultural area around Lake Biwa, Japan. Environ. Pollut., 117, 411-419.
Keywords: Algal bioassay; Herbicide; Lake Biwa; Runoff; Simetryn
Strain(s): 35 

Tatarazako, N., Yamamoto, K., Iwasaki, K. 2002 Subacute toxicity of wood preservatives, DDAC and BAAC, in several aquatic organisms. J. Health Sci., 48, 359-365.
Keywords: biological test; wood preservative; chronic toxicity; daphnia; green algae; fish
Strain(s): 35 

Nakai, S., Yamane, S., Hosomi, M. 2000 Algal growth inhibition effects of Myriophyllum spicatum-releasing four allelopathic polyphenols. J. Jpn. Soc. Wat. Environ., 23, 726-730 (in Japanese with English summary).
Keywords: allelochemical; polyphenol; algae; concentration-dependent synergistic growth inhibition; autoxidation
Strain(s): 35718796489512 

Okamura, H., Aoyama, I., Liu, D., Maguire, R. J., Pacepavicius, G. J., Lau, Y. L. 2000 Fate and ecotoxicity of the new antifouling compound irgarol 1051 in the aquatic environment. Water Res., 34, 3523-3530.
Keywords: antifouling compound; degradation product; ecotoxicity; fate; berbicide; Irgarol 1051; M1; Seto Inland Sea Japan; transformation
Strain(s): 35 

Nishida, T., Tsutsumi, Y., Kemi, M., Haneda, T., Okamura, H. 1999 Decolorization of anthraquinone dyes by white-rot fungi and its related enzymes. J. Jpn. Soc. Wat. Environ., 22, 465-471 (in Japanese with English summary).
Keywords: anthraquinone dye; white-rot fungi; laccase; decolorization; toxicity
Strain(s): 35 

Ono, Y., Okamura,H., Kawara, O., Aoyama, I., Oda, Y. 1999 Genotoxicity and ecotoxicity of sediment in road runoff. J. Jpn. Soc. Wat. Environ., 22, 561-567 (in Japanese with English summary).
Keywords: road runoff; road sediment; genotoxicity; growth inhibition; acute toxicity
Strain(s): 35 

Kaneko, H., Yamaguchi, M., Ikeda, F. 1996 Toxicity of municipal solid waste incinerator fly ash and the contribution of Cadmium. J. Jpn. Soc. Wat. Environ. [Mizukankyô Gakkai Shi], 19, 563-568 (in Japanese with English summary).
Keywords: MWI fly ash; leachate; algal assay; Daphnia test; hazardous waste
Strain(s): 35 

Kaneko, H., Yamaguchi, M. 1995 Toxicity evaluation of municipal solid waste incinerator fly ash by algal assay. Reports Facul. Eng. Yamanashi Univ., 46, 84-89 (in Japanese with English summary).
Strain(s): 35 

Nakai, S., Inoue, H., Hosomi, M., Okada, M., Murakami, A. 1995 Control of phytoplankton growth by bioactive compounds extracted from macrophytes. J. Jpn. Soc. Wat. Environ., 18, 1012-1019 (in Japanese with English summary).
Keywords: macrophyte; algae; allelopathy; antialgal bioactive compound; growth inhibition
Strain(s): 3587 

Hatakeyama, S., Fukushima, S., Kasai, F., Shiraishi, H. 1994 Assessment of herbicide effects on algal production in the Kokai River (Japan) using a model stream and Selenastrum bioassay. Ecotoxicology, 3, 143-156.
Keywords: herbicides; effects; algal production; algal community; channel carrying river water; bioassay; pesticide analysis
Strain(s): 35 

Kasai, F., Hatakeyama, S. 1993 Herbicide susceptibility in two green algae, Chlorella vulgaris and Selenastrum capricornutum. Chemosphere, 27, 899-904.
Strain(s): 35227 

Kasai, F., Takamura, N., Hatakeyama, S. 1993 Effects of simetryne on growth of various freshwater algal taxa. Environ. Pollut., 79, 77-83.
Strain(s): 35447377102137151230231255275280298 

Nakamura, H. 1993 Results of AGP experiments [AGP, T-P, PO4-P no shiken oyobi bunsekikekka]. Unpublished report in Ebara Yujiraito Co. Ltd,. 32 pp. (in Japanese without English title).
Strain(s): 35101 

Noike, T., Souma, Y. 1993 Survey on the influence factors of eutrophication of lakes and the necessity of advanced waste treatment [Koshô no fu-eiyôka no kanôsei to kôdo shori no hitsuyôsei ni kansuru chôsa]. J. Jpn. Soc. Sewage Works [Gesuidô-Kyôkai Shi], 30, 38-44 (in Japanese without English title).
Strain(s): 35 

Tsukui, T., Yamazaki, M. 1992 Studies on eutrophication in rivers (II). Determination of AGP in the Kanda River System. Tokyo-to Kankyô Kagaku Kenkyûjo Nenpô 1992, 162-166 (in Japanese with English Summary).
Strain(s): 35 

Kawanobe, K. 1990 A report in the completion of the research work [Chôsa kenkyû syûryô hôkoku]. Unpublished report in Kankyô Hozen Kyôkai, 3 pp. (in Japanese without English title).
Strain(s): 35227 

Yagi, O., Ohkubo, N., Tomioka, N., Okada, M. 1989 Limiting nutrients of algal growth in Ushiku Marsh. Jpn. J. Limnol., 50, 139-148 (in Japanese with English summary).
Keywords: algal growth potential; Microcystis; Selenastrum; nutrient
Strain(s): 35478 

Nakahara, M., Ito, H., Yano, H., Harimaya, K. 1988 Eutrophication in three reservoirs as the sources of the waterworks in Kobe City. Jpn. J. Water Treat. Biol., 24, 19-24 (in Japanese with English title).
Strain(s): 35 

Konno, R., Wakabayashi, A. 1987 Effects of chemical substance on the growth of algae [Sôrui no zôsyoku ni oyobosu kagakubusshitsu no eikyô]. Tokyo-to Kankyô Kagaku Kenkyûjo Nenpô. 1987, 4 pp. (in Japanese without English title).
Strain(s): 35 

Yagi, O., Hagiwara, T., Takamura, Y., Sudo, R. 1987 Limiting nutrients of algal growth in Lake Kasumigaura. Jpn. J. Water Poll. Res., 10, 115-122 (in Japanese with English summary).
Keywords: Microcystis; blue-green algae; nutrients; algal growth potential
Strain(s): 35478 

Yagi, O., Sudo, R., Imaoka, T., Teranishi, S. 1984 Algal growth potential on munisipal wastewater using red tide organisms. Res. Rep. Natl. Inst. Environ. Stud., No. 63, 231-242 (in Japanese with English summary).
Strain(s): 35 

Sudo, R., Tai, S., Yagi, O., Okada, M., Hosomi, M., Yamane, A. N. 1981 Comprehensive studies on the eutrophication of fresh-water areas. Determination of algal growth potential by algal assay procedure. Res. Rep. Natl. Inst. Environ. Stud., No. 26, 1-53 (in Japanese with English title).
Strain(s): 35 

Hosomi, M., Sudo, R. 1979 Studies on the effects of sediments on algal growth - Algal growth potential of sediments. Res. Rep. Natl. Inst. Environ. Stud., No. 6, 115-121 (in Japanese with English summary).
Strain(s): 35 

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