Search Reference

Kabata, K., Sadakane, H., Miyachi, S., Nagata, K., Hatano, S., Watanabe, T. 1979 Studies on lipid changes during the development of frost hardiness in Chlorella ellipsoidea. J. Fac. Agr., Kyushu Univ., 23, 155-161.
Strain(s): 2170 
Kabata, U., Sadakane, H., Kurose, M., Kobayakawa, A., Watanabe, T., Hatano, S. 1980 Changes in fatty acid composition of membrane fractions during hardening of Chlorella ellipsoidea. J. Fac. Agr., Kyushu Univ., 25, 91-97.
Strain(s): 2170 
Kaeriyama, H., Katsuki, E., Otsubo, M., Yamada, K., Ichimi, K., Tada, K., Harrison, P. J. 2011 Effects of temperature and irradiance on growth of strains belonging to seven Skeletonema species isolated from Dokai Bay, southern Japan. Eur. J. Phycol., 46, 113-124.
Keywords: Dokai Bay; irradiance; physiology; Skeletonema species; specific growth rate; temperature
Strain(s): 2837283828392841284228432844 
DOI: 10.1080/09670262.2011.565128
Kaewpintong, K., Shotipruk, A., Powtongsook, S., Pavasant, P. 2007 Photoautotrophic high-density cultivation of vegetative cells of Haematococcus pluvialis in airlift bioreactor. Biores. Technol., 98, 288-295.
Keywords: Airlift bioreactors; Astaxanthin; Autotrophic; Bioprocess design; Bubble columns; Microalgae
Strain(s): 144 
Kai, A., Yoshii, Y., Nakayama, T., Inouye, I. 2008 Aurearenophyceae classis nova, a new class of Heterokontophyta based on a new marine unicellular alga Aurearena cruciata gen. et sp. nov. inhabiting sandy beaches. Protist, 159, 435-457.
Keywords: flagellar apparatus; Phaeophyceae; Phaeothamniophyceae; pigment composition; Xanthophyceae; phylogeny
Strain(s): 1862186318641865 
DOI: 10.1016/j.protis.2007.12.003
Kajikawa, M., Yamato, K. T., Kohzu, Y., Shoji, S., Sakai, Y., Fukuzawa, H. 2006 A front-end desaturase from the green alga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii produces pinolenic and coniferonic acids by ω13 desaturation. Plant Cell Physiol., 47, 64-73.
Keywords: Chlamydomonas reinhardtii; Δ5-unsaturated bis-methylene-interrupted fatty acids; fatty acid desaturase; Pichia pastoris; tobacco plant
Strain(s): 2235 
Kajiwara, S., Kakizono, T., Saito, T., Kondo, K., Ohtani, T., Nishio, N., Nagai, S., Misawa, N. 1995 Isolation and functional identification of a novel cDNA for astaxanthin biosynthesis from Haematococcus pluvialis, and astaxanthin synthesis in Escherichia coli. Plant Mol. Biol., 29, 343-352.
Keywords: astaxanthin; canthaxanthin; carotenoid; xanthophyll; Haematococcus pluvialis; green alga
Strain(s): 144 
Kakimoto, M., Ishikawa, T., Miyagi, A., Saito, K., Miyazaki, M., Asaeda, T., Yamaguchi, M., Uchiyama, H., Kawai-Yamada, M. 2014 Culture temperature affects gene expression and metabolic pathways in the 2-methylisoborneol-producing cyanobacterium Pseudanabaena galeata. J. Plant Res., 171, 292-300.
Keywords: 2-MIB; Cyanobacteria; Gene expression; Metabolomics; Temperature-induction
Strain(s): 512 
DOI: 10.1016/j.jplph.2013.09.005
Kakizono, T., Kobayashi, M., Nagai, S. 1992 Effect of carbon/nitrogen ratio on encystment accompanied with astaxanthin formation in a green alga, Haematococcus pluvialis. J. Ferment. Bioeng., 74, 403-405.
Strain(s): 144 
Kakuta, S., Suzaki, T. 2007 Ca2+- and glycoconjugates-dependent prey capture in the heliozoan Actinophrys sol. Eur. J. Protistol., 44, 163-167.
Keywords: calium ion influx; Con A; exocytosis; extrusome; glycoprotein; secretory granule
Strain(s): 2497 
PubMed: 18178392
DOI: 10.1016/j.ejop.2007.11.001
Kamata, K., Piao, Z., Suzuki, S., Fujimori, T., Tajiri, W., Nagai, K., Iyoda, T., Yamada, A., Hayakawa, T., Ishiwara, M., Horaguchi, S., Belay, A., Tanaka, T., Takano, K., Hangyo M. 2014 Spirulina-templated metal microcoils with controlled helical structures for THz electromagnetic responses. Sci Rep, 4, 4919 (article ID).
Strain(s): 3946 
DOI: 10.1038/srep04919
Kamaya,Y., Tsuboi, S., Takada, T., Suzuki, K. 2006 Growth stimulation and inhibition effects of 4-hydroxybenzoic acid and some related compounds on the freshwater green alga Pseudokirchneriella subcapitata. Arch. Environ. Contam. Toxicol., 51, 537-541.
Strain(s): 35 
Kamikawa, R., Asai, J., Miyahara, T., Murata, K., Oyama, K., Yoshimatsu, S., Yoshida, T., Sako, Y. 2006 Application of a real-time PCR assay to a comprehensive method of monitoring harmful algae. Mircobes Environ., 21, 163-173.
Keywords: harmful algal bloom (HAB); molecular monitoring; real-time PCR; red tide
Strain(s): 145 
Kamikawa, R., Brown, M. W., Nishimura, Y., Sako, Y., Heiss, A. A., Yubuki, N., Gawryluk, R., Simpson, A. G. B., Roger, A. J., Hashimoto, T., Inagaki, Y. 2013 Parallel re-modeling of EF-1α function: divergent EF-1α genes co-occur with EFL genes in diverse distantly related eukaryotes. BMC Evol. Biol., 13, 131 (article ID).
Keywords: Diatoms; Differential Gene Loss; EF-1α; EFL; Functional Remodeling; Goniomonas; Pythium; Spizellomyces; Thecamonas
Strain(s): 4175341349137113731374 
Kamikawa, R., Masuda, I., Oyama, K., Yoshimatsu, S., Sako, Y. 2007 Genetic variation in mitochondrial genes and intergenic spacer region in harmful algae Chattonella species. Fish. Sci., 73, 871-880.
Keywords: Chattonella sp.; cytochrome c oxidase subunit 1 (cox1); cytochrome c oxidase subunit 2 (cox2); genetic diversity; harmful algae; mitochondria
Strain(s): 12385161557558671849 
Kamikawa, R., Sanchez-Perez, G. F., Sako, Y., Roger, A. J., Inagaki, Y. 2009 Expanded phylogenies of canonical and non-canonical types of methionine adenosyltransferase reveal a complex history of these gene families in eukaryotes. Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 53, 565-570.
Keywords: Methionine adenosyltransferase; Lateral gene transfer; Diaoms; Aureococcus; Haptophytes; Cryptomonads
Strain(s): 1735041753458610451349 
Kamikawa, R., Shiratori, T., Ishida, K-I., Miyashita, H., Roger, A. J. 2016 Group II intron-mediated trans-splicing in the green-rich mitochondrial genome of an enigmatic eukaryote, Diphylleia rotans. Genome Biol. Evol., 8, 458-466.
Keywords: Diphyllatia; introns; mitochondria; inverted repeats; trans-splicing
Strain(s): 3764 
PubMed: 26833505
DOI: 10.1093/gbe/evw011
Kamikawa, R., Tanifuji, G., Kawachi, M., Miyashita, H., Hashimoto, T., Inagaki, Y. 2015 Plastid genome-based phylogeny pinpointed the origin of the green-colored plastid in the dinoflagellate Lepidodinium chlorophorum. Genome Biol. Evol, 7, 1133–1140.
Keywords: genome reduction; Lepidodinium; Pedinophyceae; secondary plastids; plastid replacement
Strain(s): 1868 
PubMed: 25840416
DOI: 10.1093/gbe/evv060
Kamikawa, R., Tanifuji, Ishikawa, G. S., Ishii, K., Matsuno, Y., Onodera, N. T., Ishida, K-I., Hashimoto, T., Miyashita, H., Mayama, S., Inagaki, Y. 2015 Proposal of a Twin-arginine translocator system-mediated constraint against loss of ATP synthase genes from nonphotosynthetic plastid genomes. Mol. Biol. Evol., 32, 2598-2604.
Keywords: apochlorotic diatoms; nonphotosynthetic plastid genome; genome reduction; ATP synthase complex; Twin-arginine translocator
Strain(s): 3581 
PubMed: 26048548
DOI: 10.1093/molbev/msv134
Kamikawa, R., Yabuki, A., Nakayama, T., Ishida, K-I., Hashimoto, T., Inagaki, Y. 2011 Cercozoa comprises both EF-1α-containing and EFL-containing members. Eur. J. Protistol., 47, 24-28.
Keywords: Cercozoa; Elongation factor 1α; Elongation factor-like protein
Strain(s): 2378 
PubMed: 21071191
DOI: 10.1016/j.ejop.2010.08.002
Kamikawa, R., Yubuki, N., Yoshida, M., Taira, M., Nakamura, N., Ishida, K-I., Leander, B. S., Miyashita, H., Hashimoto, T., Mayama, S., Inagaki, Y. 2015 Multiple losses of photosynthesis in Nitzschia (Bacillariophyceae). Phycol. Res., 63, 19-28.
Keywords: apochlorotic diatoms; genetic diversity; large subunit rRNA; molecular phylogenetic analysis; nonphotosynthetic plastids; plastid 16S rRNA
Strain(s): 35773578357935803581 
DOI: 10.1111/pre.12072
Kamiya, A. 1988 Blue light-induced in vivo absorbance changes and in vitro activation of nitrate reductase in a nitrate-starved Chlorella mutant. Plant Cell Physiol., 29, 489-496.
Keywords: blue light effect; Chlorella; light-induced absorbancechange; NADH-nitrate reductase
Strain(s): 2162 
Kamiya, A. 1989 Effects of blue light and ammonia on nitrogen metabolism in colorless mutant of Chlorella. Plant Cell Physiol., 30, 513-521.
Keywords: ammonia effect; blue light effect; Chlorella; glutamine synthetase; nitrate uptake; nitrogen metabolism
Strain(s): 2162 
Kamiya, A., Miyachi, S. 1974 Effects of blue light on respiration and carbon dioxyde fixation in colorless Chlorella mutant cells. Plant Cell Physiol., 15, 927-937.
Strain(s): 2162 
Kamiya, A., Miyachi, S. 1975 Blue light-induced formation of photphoenolpyruvate carboxylase in colorless Chlorella mutant cells. Plant Cell Physiol., 16, 729-736.
Strain(s): 2162 
Kamo, T., Shimogawara, K., Fukuzawa, H., Muto, S., Miyachi, S. 1990 Subunit constitution of carbonic anhydrase from Chlamydomonas reinhardtii. Eur. J. Biochem., 192, 557-562.
Strain(s): 2235 
Kanai, R., Aoki, S., Miyachi, S. 1965 Quantitative separation of inorganic polyphosphates in Chlorella cells. Plant Cell Physiol., 6, 467-473.
Strain(s): 2170 
Kanai, R., Miyachi, S., Miyachi, S. 1963 Light-induced formation and mobilization of polyphosphate "C" in Chlorella cells. Plant Cell Physiol., Spec. Iss. (Studies on Microalgae and Photosynthetic Bacteria), 613-618.
Strain(s): 2170 
Kanazawa, T. 1958 Synchronous culture of Chlorella with special reference of the processes of assimilation of potassium magnesium and iron. J. Gen. Appl. Microbiol., 4, 102-107.
Strain(s): 2170 
Kanazawa, T., Fujita, C., Yuhara, T., Sasa, T. 1958 Mass culture of unicellular algae using "open circulation method". J. Gen. Appl. Microbiol., 4, 135-152.
Strain(s): 2170 
Kanazawa, T., Yanagisawa, T., Tamiya, H. 1966 Aliphatic amines occurring in Chlorella cells and changs of their contents during the life cycle of the alga. Z. Botanik, Festschr. f. E. Bünning, 54, 57-62.
Strain(s): 2170 
Kanda, H., Li, P., Ikehara, T., Yasumoto-Hirose, M. 2012 Lipids extracted from several species of natural blue–green microalgae by dimethyl ether: Extraction yield and properties. Fuel, 95, 88-92.
Keywords: Lipids; Microalgae; Extraction; Dimethyl ether
Strain(s): 5951263 
Kaneko, H., Shimada, A. Hirayama, K. 2004 Short-term algal toxicity test based on phosphate uptake. Wat. Res., 38, 2173-2177.
Keywords: Selenastrum capricornutum; Phosphate uptake; Short-term toxicity test
Strain(s): 35 
Kaneko, H., Yamaguchi, M. 1995 Toxicity evaluation of municipal solid waste incinerator fly ash by algal assay. Reports Facul. Eng. Yamanashi Univ., 46, 84-89 (in Japanese with English summary).
Strain(s): 35 
Kaneko, H., Yamaguchi, M., Ikeda, F. 1996 Toxicity of municipal solid waste incinerator fly ash and the contribution of Cadmium. J. Jpn. Soc. Wat. Environ. [Mizukankyô Gakkai Shi], 19, 563-568 (in Japanese with English summary).
Keywords: MWI fly ash; leachate; algal assay; Daphnia test; hazardous waste
Strain(s): 35 
Kaneko, T., Nakajima, N., Okamoto, S., Suzuki, I., Tanabe, Y., Tamaoki, M., Nakamura, Y., Kasai, F., Watanabe, A., Kawashima, K., Kishida, Y., Ono, A., Shimizu, Y., Takahashi, C., Minami, C., Fujishiro, T., Kohara, M., Katoh, M., Nakazaki, N., Nakayama, S., Yamada, M., Tabata, S., Watanabe, M. M. 2007 Complete genome structure of the bloom-forming toxic cyanobacterium Microcystis aeruginosa NIES-843. DNA Res., 14, 247-256.
Strain(s): 843 
Kanesaki, Y., Imamura, S., Minoda, A., Tanaka, K. 2012 External light conditions and internal cell cycle phases coordinate accumulation of chloroplast and mitochondrial transcripts in the red alga Cyanidioschyzon merolae. DNA Res., 19, 289-303.
Keywords: cell cycle; clustering analysis; Cyanidioschyzon; organelle; transcriptome
Strain(s): 3377 
DOI: 10.1093/dnares/dss013
Kang, B.-H., Tan, S., Ho, K.-K. 1988 Isolation of water-soluble cytochromes from cyanobacteria by adsorption chromatography. Archi. Biochem. Biophys., 263, 387-393.
Strain(s): 44 
Kang, C. B. H., Ho. K.-K. 1991 Characteri-zation of a soluble inorganic pyrophosphatase from Microcystis aeruginosa. Archi. Biochem. Biophys., 289, 281-288.
Strain(s): 44 
Kang, C. D., Lee, J. S., Park, T. H., Sim, S. J. 2005 Comparison of heterotrophic and photoautotrophic induction on astaxanthin production by Haematococcus pluvialis. Appl. Microbiol. Biotechnol., 68, 237-241.
Strain(s): 144 
Kang, C.-D., Sim, S.-J. 2008 Direct extraction of astaxanthin from Haematococcus culture using vegetable oils. Biotechnol. Lett., 30, 441–444.
Keywords: Astaxanthin; Direct extraction; Green process; Haematococcus pluvialis; Vegetable oil
Strain(s): 144 
Kang, Y.-H., Park, C.-S., Han, M.-S. 2012 Pseudomonas aeruginosa UCBPP-PA14 a useful bacterium capable of lysing Microcystis aeruginosa cells and degrading microcystins. J. Appl. Phycol., 24, 1517-1525.
Keywords: Microcystis aeruginosa; Microcystins; Algicidal bacteria; Pseudomonas aeruginosa
Strain(s): 4494298 
Kang, Y-H., Kang, S-K., Park, C-S., Joo, J-H., Lee, J-W., Han, M-S. 2016 Use of lactic acid bacteria as a biological agent against the cyanobacterium Anabaena flos-aquae. J. Appl. Phycol., 28, 1747-1757.
Keywords: Lactic acidbacteria; Cyanobacteriacidalbacteria; Anabaena flos-aquae; Biological control
Strain(s): 7594298 
DOI: 10.1007/s10811-015-0701-7
Karlsson, K. 2005 Liquid chromatotraphy - mass spectrometry in distribution and bioaccumulation studies of toxic cyanopeptides. PhD thesis, Åbo Akademi University, Turku, Finland, 62 pp.
Strain(s): 107 
Kasai, F., Arts, M. T. 1998 The interactive effects of UV-B radiation and a herbicide on uptake and allocation of carbon in two strains of the green alga Scenedesmus. Aquat. Ecol., 31, 261-272.
Keywords: herbicide tolerance; photosynthesis; phytoplankton; simetryn; triazine herbicides; ultraviolet radiation
Strain(s): 802 
Kasai, F., Hanazato, T. 1995 Genetic changes in phytoplankton communities exposed to the herbicide simetryn in outdoor experimental ponds. Arch. Environ. Contam. Toxicol., 28, 154-160.
Strain(s): 797798799800801802 
Kasai, F., Hatakeyama, S. 1993 Herbicide susceptibility in two green algae, Chlorella vulgaris and Selenastrum capricornutum. Chemosphere, 27, 899-904.
Strain(s): 35227 
DOI: 10.1016/0045-6535(93)90019-2
Kasai, F., Hatakeyama, S. 1996 Changes in herbicide susceptibility of algae in a river running through an agricultural region. Ecol. Chem. (St.Petersburg), 5, 292-296.
Keywords: algal community; herbicide; simetryn; pretilachlor; pollution; effects
Strain(s): 803805 
Kasai, F., Ichimura, T. 1986 Morphological variabilities of three closely related mating groups of Closterium ehrenbergii Meneghini (Chlorophyta). J. Phycol., 22, 158-168.
Keywords: cell shape and size; clonal culture; Closterium ehrenbergii; mating group; morphological variability; statistical analysis
Strain(s): 171228229 
Kasai, F., Ichimura, T. 1990 Temperature optima of three closely related mating groups of the Closterium ehrenbergii (Chlorophyta) species complex. Phycologia, 29, 396-402.
Strain(s): 228229 
Kasai, F., Takamura, N., Hatakeyama, S. 1993 Effects of simetryne on growth of various freshwater algal taxa. Environ. Pollut., 79, 77-83.
Strain(s): 3544102137151230231255275280298 
Kashino, Y., Enami, I., Satoh, K., Katoh, S. 1990 Immunological cross-reactivity among corresponding proteins of photosystems I and II from widely divergent photosynthetic organisms. Plant Cell Physiol., 31, 479-488.
Keywords: antiserum; cross-reactivity; immunoblotting; photosystem; protein
Strain(s): 209321382235 
Kashiyama Y., Yokoyama A., Kinoshita Y., Shoji S., Miyashiya H., Shiratori T., Suga H., Ishikawa K., Ishikawa A., Inouye I., Ishida K., Fujinuma D., Aoki K., Kobayashi M., Nomoto S., Mizoguchi T., Tamiaki H. 2012 Ubiquity and quantitative significance of detoxification catabolism of chlorophyll associated with protistan herbivory. Proc. Nati. Acad. Sci. U. S. A., 109, 17328-17335.
Keywords: phototoxicity of chlorophylls; microbial herbivory; phagocytosis; biodiversity of eukaryotes; microbial loop
Strain(s): 281 
PubMed: 22949677
DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1207347109
Kataoka, T., Homma, T., Nakano, S., Hodoki, Y., Ohbayashi, K., Kondo, R. 2013 PCR primers for selective detection of intra-species variations in the bloom-forming cyanobacterium, Microcystis. Harmful Algae, 23, 46-54.
Keywords: Microcystis aeruginosa; Quantitative PCR; 16S-23S rDNA ITS fegion; Selective detection; Intra-species variation
Strain(s): 4487909810210711111229860410621070 
Kato, A., Morita, N., Hiratsuka, T., Suda, S. 2009 Recent introduction of a freshwater red alga Chantransia macrospora (Batrachospermales, Rhodophyta) to Okinawa, Japan. Aquat. Invasions, 4, 567-574.
Keywords: Audouinella; Batrachospermum; Chantransia macrospora; freshwater algae; introduced species; macroalgae
Strain(s): 2636 
Kato, A., Obokata, J., Sasaki, K. 1981 Mating type interaction in Closterium peracerosum-strigosum-littorale: mating induced protoplast release. Plant Cell Physiol., 22, 1215-1222.
Keywords: Closterium peracerosum-strigosum-littorale; conjugation; disruped cell; mating type interaction; protoplast release
Strain(s): 6465 
Kato, A., Ohmura, K., Kanazawa, H., Sasaki, K. 1983 Natural and artificial production of protoplasts from heterothallic and homothallic Closterium. J. Fac. Sci., Hokkaido Univ., Ser. V (Bot.), 13, 7-15.
Strain(s): 6465 
Kato, A., Sasaki, K. 1983 Effects of tunica-mycin on sexual reproduction in heterothallic strains of Closterium. J. Fac. Sci., Hokkaido Univ., Ser. V (Bot.), 13, 1-6.
Strain(s): 6465 
Kato, S., Higuchi, S., Kondo, Y., Kitano, S., Nozaki, H., Tanaka, J. 2005 Rediscovery of the wild-extinct species Nitellopsis obtusa (Charales) in Lake Kawaguchi, Japan. J. Jpn. Bot., 80, 84-91.
Keywords: Charales; Nitellopsis; rbcL gene; rediscovery; wild-extinct species
Strain(s): 1638 
Kato, S., Sakayama, H., Sano, S., Kasai, F., Watanabe, M. M., Tanaka, J., Nozaki, H. 2008 Morphological variation and intraspecific phylogeny of the ubiquitous species Chara braunii (Charales, Charophyceae) in Japan. Phycologia, 47, 191-202.
Keywords: aquatic habitat; Chara braunii; Charales; Charophyceae; intergenic spacer region; intraspecific phylogeny; morphological variation, rbcL gene
Strain(s): 15861587158815891590159115931604 
Kato, T., Watanabe, M. F., Watanabe M. 1991 Allozyme divergence in Microcystis (Cyanophyceae) and its taxonomic inference. Algol. Stud., 64, 129-140.
Keywords: cyanophytes/cyanobacteria; Microcystis; allozyme divergence; allozyme genotype; allozyme study; cell size; molecular taxonomy
Strain(s): 10551058106110631064106710681070107410771079108110841086109010911093109510971098 
Kato, T., Watanabe, M. F., Watanabe, M., Hara, Y. 1991 Allozyme genotype and toxin omposition of the Microcystis strains from Lake Okutama-ko (1). Bull. Natn. Sci. Mus., Tokyo, Ser. B 17, 1-4.
Strain(s): 11401141114511521159116011611163 
Kato, Y., Imamura, N., 2008 Effect of calcium ion on uptake of amino acids by symbiotic Chlorella F36-ZK isolated from Japanese Paramecium bursaria. Plant Sci., 174, 88-96.
Keywords: Paramecium bursaria; Chlorella; Calcium; Divalent cation; Amino acid transport; Symbiosis
Strain(s): 22721572540 
Kato, Y., Ueno, S., Imamura, N. 2006 Studies on the nitrogen utilization of endosymbiotic algae isolated from Japanese Paramecium bursaria. Plant Sci., 170, 481-486.
Keywords: Endosymbiont; Paramecium bursaria; Nitrogen utilization; Chlorella
Strain(s): 22725402541 
Katoh, H., Furukawa, J., Tomita-Yokotani, K. and Nishi 2012 Isolation and purification of an axenic diazotrophic drought-tolerant cyanobacterium, Nostoc commune, from natural cyanobacterial crusts and its utilization for field research on soils polluted with radioisotopes. Biochim. Biophys. Acta, 18, 1499-1505.
Keywords: Cyanobacterium; Nostoc commune; Desiccation; Radiation; Space agriculture
Strain(s): 2114 
DOI: 10.1016/j.bbabio.2012.02.039
Katoh, H., Shiga, S., Nakahira, Y., Ohmori, M. 2003 Isolation and characterization of drought-tolerant cyanobacterium Nostoc sp. HK-01. Microbes. Environ., 18, 82-88.
Keywords: cyanobacterium; drought-tolerance; hormogonia; Nostoc
Strain(s): 2109 
Katoh, T., Hirokawa, T., Miyachi, S. 1958 Effect of pre-illumination upon the Hill reaction in Chlorella cells. J. Biochem., 45, 907-912.
Strain(s): 2170 
Kato-Minoura, T., Okumura, M., Hirono, M., Kamiya, R. 2003 A novel family of unconventional actins in Volvocalean algae. J. Mol. Evol., 57, 555-561.
Keywords: Chlamydomonas; phylogeny; Volvocales
Strain(s): 158351546 
Katsuda, T., Lababpour, A., Shimahara, K., Katoh, S. 2004 Astaxanthin production by Haematococcus pluvialis under illumination with LEDs. Enzyme Microb. Technol., 35, 81-86.
Keywords: astaxanthin; light emitting diode; wavelength; accumulation of astaxanthin
Strain(s): 144 
Katsuda, T., Shimahara, K., Shiraishi, H., Yamagami, K., Ranjbar, R., Katoh, S. 2006 Effect of flashing light from blue light emitting diodes on cell growth and astaxanthin production of Haematococcus pluvialis. J. Biosci. Bioeng., 102, 442-446.
Keywords: flashing light; blue light emitting diode; astaxanthin; Haematococcus pluvialis
Strain(s): 144 
Katsuda, T., Shiraishi, H., Ishizu, N., Ranjbar, R., Katoh, S. 2008 Effect of light intensity and frequency of flashing light from blue light emitting diodes on astaxanthin production by Haematococcus pluvialis. J. Biosci. Bioeng., 105, 216-220.
Keywords: flashing light; blue light emitting diode; light intensity; astaxanthin; Haematococcus pluvialis
Strain(s): 144 
Katsumata, M., Koike, T., Nishikawa, M., Kazumura, K., Tsuchiya, H. 2006 Rapid ecotoxicological bioassay using delayed fluorescence in the green alga Pseudokirchneriella subcapitata. Wat. Res., 40, 3393-3400.
Keywords: Delayed fluorescence; Algal growth inhibition test; Pseudokirchneriella subcapitata; Simazine (CAT); 3,5-dichlorophenol (3,5-DCP)
Strain(s): 35 
Kawachi, M., Kataoka, T., Sato, M., Noël, M.-H., Kuwata, A., Demura, M., Yamaguchi, H. 2016 Application of cryopreservation to genetic analyses of a photosynthetic picoeukaryote community. Gene, 576, 708-716.
Keywords: 18S rRNA gene; 454 pyros equencing; Cryopreservation; Photosynthetic picoeukaryotes
Strain(s): 76519662842 
PubMed: 26506442
DOI: 10.1016/j.gene.2015.10.033
Kawafune, K., Hongoh, Y., Hamaji, T., Nozaki, H. 2012 Molecular identification of rickettsial endosymbionts in the non-phagotrophic Volvocalean green algae. PLoS One, 7, e31749 (article ID).
Strain(s): 577 
PubMed: 22363720
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0031749
Kawafune, K., Sato, M., Toyooka, K., Nozaki, H. 2013 Ultrastructure of the rickettsial endosymbiont "MIDORIKO" in the green alga Carteria cerasiformis as revealed by high-pressure freezing and freeze-substitution fixation. Protoplasma, 250, 949-953.
Keywords: Transmission electron microscopy; High-pressure freezing and freeze-substitution fixation; Rickettsiaceae; Endosymbiont; Carteria cerasiformis
Strain(s): 424426 
DOI: 10.1007/s00709-012-0469-
Kawahara, K., Sagehashi, M., Fujii, T., Fujita, H., Hu, H.-Y., Sakoda, A. 2011 Potential of a green alga Botryococcus braunii for simultaneous water purification and biofuel production under open-air condition. J. Water Environ. Technol., 9, 29-37.
Keywords: biofuel production; Botryococcus braunii; Microcystis aeruginosa; water purification
Strain(s): 878361090 
Kawahata, C., Yamamuro, M., Shiraiwa, Y. 2013 Changes in alkaline band formation and calcification of corticated charophyte Chara globularis. SpringerPlus, 2, 85 (article ID).
Keywords: Chara corallina; Chara globularis; Alkaline band; Acid band; SEM
Strain(s): 1585 
Kawai, H., Inouye, I. 1989 Flagellar autofluorescence in forty-four chloraphyll c-containig algae. Phycologia, 28, 222-227.
Strain(s): 515161 
Kawai, H., Maeba, S., Sasaki, H., Okuda, K., Henry, E. C. 2003 Schizocladia ischiensis: a new filamentous marine chromophyte belonging to a new class, Schizocladiophyceae. Protist, 154, 211-228.
Strain(s): 1044 
PubMed: 13677449
DOI: 10.1078/143446103322166518
Kawanobe, K. 1990 A report in the completion of the research work [Chôsa kenkyû syûryô hôkoku]. Unpublished report in Kankyô Hozen Kyôkai, 3 pp. (in Japanese without English title).
Strain(s): 35227 
Kaya, K., Shiraishi, F., Uchida, H., Sano, T. 2011 A novel retinoic acid analogue, 7-hydroxy retinoic acid, isolated from cyanobacteria. Biochim. Biophys. Acta, 1810, 414-419.
Keywords: 7-hydroxy retinoic acid; RAR agonistic activity; cyanobacteria; UV stability
Strain(s): 444546512610931 
DOI: 10.1016/j.bbagen.2010.11.009
Kaya, K., Watanabe, M. M. 1990 Microcystin composition of an axenic clonal strain of Microcystis viridis and Microcystis viridis-containing waterblooms in Japanese freshwaters. J. Appl. Phycol., 2, 173-178.
Keywords: axenic Microcystis viridis; microcystin; toxic waterbloom; Japanese lakes
Strain(s): 102 
Kayano, K., Saruwatari, K., Kogure, T., Shiraiwa, Y. 2011 Effect of coccolith polysaccharides isolated from the coccolithophorid, Emiliania huxleyi, on calcite crystal formation in in vitro CaCO3 crystallization. Mar. Biotechnol., 13, 83-92.
Keywords: Acid polysaccharide; Biomineralization; Coccolith; Coccolith polysaccharide; Calcium carbonate crystalization; Emiliania huxleyi
Strain(s): 837 
DOI: 10.1007/s10126-010-9272-4
Kayano, K., Shiraiwa, Y. 2009 Physiological regulation of coccolith polysaccharide production by phosphate availability in the coccolithophorid Emiliania huxleyi. Plant Cell Physiol., 50, 1522-1531.
Strain(s): 837 
Keawtawee, T., Fukami, K., Songsangjinda, P., Muangyao, P. 2011 Isolation and characterization of Noctiluca-killing bacteria from a shrimp aquaculture pond in Thailand. Fish. Sci., 77, 657-664.
Keywords: Algicidal bacteria; Noctiluca scintillans; HABs; Shrimp aquacluture
Strain(s): 1 
Keeling, p. J., Palmer, J. D. 2001 Lateral transfer at the gene and subgenic levels in the evolution of eukaryotic enolase. Proc. Nati. Acad. Sci. U. S. A., 98, 10745-10750.
Keywords: phylogeny; protein insertions; apicomplexa; recombination
Strain(s): 484 
PubMed: 11526220
DOI: 10.1073/pnas.191337098
Kessenich, C. R., Ruck, E. C., Schurko, A. M., Wickett, N. J., Alverson, A. J. 2014 Transcriptomic insights into the life history of Bolidophytes, the sister lineage to diatoms. J. Phycol., 50, 977-983.
Keywords: Bolidomonas; diatoms; diplontic; haplodiplontic; life cycle; Parmales; transcriptome
Strain(s): 2682 
Kessler, E., Huss, V. A. R. 1992 Comparative physiology and biochemistry and taxonomic assignment of the Chlorella (Chlorophyceae) strains of the Culture Collection of the University of Texas at Austin. J. Phycol., 28, 550-553.
Keywords: chemotaxonomy; Chlorella; Chlorophyta; UTEX culture collection; utilization for research and biotechnology
Strain(s): 686687215021512160216321692175 
Khan, S. M. M. K., Arikawa, M., Omura, G., Suetomo, Y., Kakuta, S., Suzaki, T. 2003 Axopodial contraction in the heliozoon Raphidiophrys contractilis requires extracellular Ca2+. Zool. Sci., 20, 1367-1372.
Keywords: contraction; microtubules; contractile tubules; heliozoa; calcium
Strain(s): 2498 
Khan, S. M. M. K., Arikawa, M., Suzaki, T. 2005 Toxic effect of heavy metal ions on the axopodia of the heliozoon Raphidiophrys contractilis. Jpn. J. Protozool., 38, 44-45.
Strain(s): 2498 
Khan, S. M. M. K., Yoshimura, C., Arikawa, M., Omura, G., Nishiyama, S., Suetomo, Y., Kakuta, S., Suzaki, T. 2006 Axopodial degradation in the heliozoon Raphidiophrys contractilis: a novel bioassay system for detecting heavy metal toxicity in an aquatic environment. Environ. Sci., 13, 193-200.
Strain(s): 2498 
Ki, J.-S., Han, M.-S. 2007 Nuclear rDNA and chloroplast rbcL, rbcS and IGS sequence data, and their implications from the Japanese, Korean, and North American harmful algae, Heterosigma akashiwo (Raphidophyceae). Environ. Res., 103, 299-304.
Keywords: Heterosigma akashiwo; blooms; nuclear rDNA; rbcS; IGS
Strain(s): 293 
Ki, J.-S., Han, M.-S. 2007 Rapid molecular identification of the harmful freshwater dinoflagellate Peridinium in various life stages using genus-specific single-cell PCR. J. Appl. Phycol., 19, 467-470.
Keywords: dinoflagellate cyst; planozygote; rDNA
Strain(s): 495 
Kim, B.-H., Oh, H.-M., Lee, Y.-K., Choi, G.-G., Ahn, C.-y., Yoon, B.-D., Kim, H.-S., 2006 Simple method for RNA preparation from cyanobacteria. J. Phycol., 42, 1137-1141.
Keywords: bead–phenol–chloroform method; cyanobacteria; RNA extraction; xanthogenate–SDS–phenol method
Strain(s): 3339230 
Kim, B.-H., Ramanan, R., Cho, D.-H., Choi, G.-G., La, H.-J., Ahn, C.-Y., Oh, H.-M., Kim, H.-S. 2012 Simple, rapid and cost-effective method for high quality nucleic acids extraction from different strains of Botryococcus braunii. PLoS One, 7, e37770 (article ID).
Strain(s): 836 
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0037770
Kim, B.-H., Ramanan, R., Kang, Z., Cho, D.-H., Oh, H.-M., Kim, H.-S. 2016 Chlorella sorokiniana HS1, a novel freshwater green algal strain, grows and hyperaccumulates lipid droplets in seawater salinity. Biomass Bioenerg., 85, 300-305.
Keywords: Chlorella; Salt stress; Green algae; Lipid droplets; Biodiesel; Commercialization
Strain(s): 2150 
DOI: 10.1016/j.biombioe.2015.12.026
Kim, C.-J., Hung, Y.-H., Oh, H.-M, 2007 Factors indicating culture status during cultivation of Spirulina (Arthrospira) platensis. J. Microbiol., 45, 122-127.
Keywords: coil number; culture status; syanobacteria; floating activity; Spirulona platensis
Strain(s): 3946 
Kim, C.-J., Jung, Y.-H., Ahn, C.-Y., Lee, Y.-K., Oh, H.-M. 2010 Adsorption of turbid materials by the cyanobacterium Phormidium parchydematicum. J. Appl. Phycol., 22, 181-186.
Keywords: Chlorella vulgaris; Clay; Cyanobacteria; Phormidium parchydematicum; Turbid material
Strain(s): 39 
Kim, D., Nakamura, A., Okamoto, T., Komatsu, N., Oda, T., Ishimatsu, A., Muramatsu, T. 1999 Toxic potential of the raphidophyte Olisthodiscus luteus: mediation by reactive oxygen species. J. Plankton Res., 21, 1017-1027.
Strain(s): 15 
Kim, D., Okamoto, T., Oda, T., Tachibana, K., Lee, K. S., Ishimatsu, A., Matsuyama, Y., Honjo, T., Muramatsu, T. 2001 Possible involvement of the glycocalyx in the ichthyotoxicity of Chattonella marina (Raphidophyceae): immunological approach using antiserum against cell surface structures of the flagellate. Mar. Biol., 139, 625-632.
Strain(s): 15 
Kim, D., Waranabe, M., Nakayasu, Y., Kohata, K. 2004 Production of superoxide anion and hydrogen peroxide associated with cell growth of Chattonella antiqua. Aquat. Microb. Ecol., 35, 57-64.
Keywords: Cell cycles; Chattonella antiqua; Hydrogen peroxide; NIES culture tank; Reactive oxygen species; Red tide; Superoxide anion
Strain(s): 1 
Kim, D., Waranabe, M., Nakayasu, Y., Kohata, K. 2005 Changes in O2- and H2O2 production by Chattonella antiqua during diel vertical migration under nutrient stratification. Aquat. Microb. Ecol., 39, 183-191.
Keywords: Chattonella antiqua; Diel vertical migration; Hydrogen peroxide; Nutrient stratification; Reactive oxygen species; Superoxide anion
Strain(s): 1 
Kim, E., Simpson, A. G., Graham, L. E. 2006 Evolutionary relationships of apusomonads inferred from taxon-rich analyses of nuclear encoded genes. Mol. Biol. Evol., 23, 2455-2466.
Keywords: Apusomonas; Apusomonadidae; Opisthokonta; Amoebozoa; protists; evolution
Strain(s): 9369551333 
DOI: 10.1093/molbev/msl120
Kim, E., Wilcox, L. W., Fawley, M. W., Graham, L. E. 2006 Phylogenetic position of the green flagellate Mesostigma viride based on alpha-tubulin and beta-tubulin gene sequences. Int. J. Plant Sci., 167, 873-883.
Keywords: Mesostigma; Coleochaete; Pterosperma; Nephroselmis; Mantoniella; Streptophyta; Viridiplantae; α-tubulin; β-tubulin
Strain(s): 955 
Kim, M.-C., Yoshinaga, I., Imai, I., Nagasaki, K., Itakura, S., Ishida, Y. 1998 A close relationship between algicidal bacteria and termination of Heterosigma akashiwo (Raphidophyceae) blooms in Hiroshima Bay, Japan. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser., 170, 25-32.
Keywords: algicidal bacteria; marine bacteria; marine phytoplankton; red tide; bloom; Raphidophyceae; Heterosigma akashiwo
Strain(s): 1 
Kim, Y.-S., Oyaizu, H., Matsumoto, S, Watanabe, M. M., Nozaki, H. 1994 Chloroplast small-subunit ribosomal RNA gene sequence from Chlamydomonas parkeae (Chlorophyta) : molecular phylogeny of a green alga with a peculiar pigment composition. Eur. J. Phycol., 29, 213-217.
Keywords: Chlamydomonas parkeae; Chlorophyta; chloroplast small-subunit (SSU) rRNA; phylogeny; pigment composition
Strain(s): 228254468666 
Kimura, B., Ishida, Y. 1986 Possible phago-trophic feeding of bacteria in a freshwater red tide Chrysophyceae Uroglena americana. Bull. Jpn. Soc. Sci. Fish., 52, 697-701.
Strain(s): 395 
Kimura, B., Ishida, Y., Kadota, H. 1986 Effect of naturally collected bacteria on growth of Uroglena americana, a freshwater red tide Chrysophyceae. Bull. Jpn. Soc. Sci. Fish., 52, 691-696.
Strain(s): 395 
Kimura, J. 2011 Screening for allelopathic activity on algal growth. Bull. Hiroshima Pref. Tech. Res. Inst., Publ. Health Environ. Center, 19, 37-46 (in Japanese).
Keywords: Microcystis; Chlorella; Nitzschia; growth inhibition; allelopathy
Strain(s): 487642 
Kimura, Y., Kimura, S., Sato, S., Katho, H., Abe, T., Arai, M., Tomita-Yokotani, K. 2015 Evoluation of a cyanobacterium, Nostoc sp. HK-01, as food material for space agriculture on Mars. Biological Sciences in Space, 29, 24-31.
Keywords: Cyanobacteria; Food; Martian regolith simulant (MRS); Nostoc sp. HK-01; Radicalscavenging activity; Space Agriculture
Strain(s): 2109 
DOI: 10.2187/bss.29.24
Kinoshita, E., Suzaki, T., Shigenaka, Y. 2001 The ultrastructure of contractile tubules in the heliozoan Actinophrys sol and their possible involvement in rapid axopodial contraction. J. Eucaryot. Microbiol., 48, 519-526.
Keywords: Axopodium; Ca2+-contraction; colchicine; electron microscopy
Strain(s): 2497 
Kinoshita, E., Suzaki, T., Sugiyama, M., Shigenaka, Y. 1995 Ultrastructure and rapid axopodial contraction of a heliozoan, Raphidiophyrys contractilis sp. nov. J. Eucaryot. Microbiol., 42, 283-288.
Keywords: Contraction; Heliozoa; microtubule pattern; new species; Raphidiophyrys; silicic scale; X-ray microanalysis
Strain(s): 24983374 
Kinugawa, K., Etoh, M., Kuba, T., Kusuda, T. 1999 A possibility of control and prevention of excessive phytoplankton growth by photochromism. J. Jpn. Soc. Wat. Environ., 22, 932-937 (in Japanese with English summary).
Keywords: photochromism; spironaphthoxazine; shielding sunlight; algal growth potential; eutrophication
Strain(s): 98 
Kiperstok, A. C., Sebestyén, P., Podola, B., Melkonian, M. 2017 Biofilm cultivation of Haematococcus pluvialis enables a highly productive one-phase process for astaxanthin production using high light intensities. Algal Research, 21, 213-222.
Keywords: Microalgae; Immobilized cultivation; Irradiation; Carbon dioxide; Twin-Layer; Carotenoid
Strain(s): 144 
DOI: 10.1016/j.algal.2016.10.025
Kishi, M., Kawai, M., Toda, T. 2015 Heterotrophic utilization of ethylene glycol and propylene glycol by Chlorella protothecoides. Algal Research, 11, 428-434.
Keywords: algae; Chlorella protothecoides; Ethylene glycol; Propylene glycol; Heterotrophic; pH
Strain(s): 2170 
DOI: 10.1016/j.algal.2015.04.020
Kisugi, T., Okino, T. 2009 Micropeptins from the freshwater cyanobacterium Microcystis aeruginosa (NIES-100). J. Nat. Prod., 72, 777-781.
Strain(s): 100 
Kitamura, N., Nakagawa, T., Yoshida, Y., Matsushima, H., Asada, Y. 2006 Studies on the growth control of toxic cyanobacteria by use of the water-extracts from the dead leaves of deciduous trees. Environ. Eng. Res. [Kankyô-kôgaku Kenkyû Ronbunshû], 43, 543-549.
Keywords: growth control; Microcystis aeruginosa; dead-leaves; deciduous trees; condensed tannin
Strain(s): 102 
Kiyohara, T., Fujita, Y., Hattori, A., Watanabe, A. 1962 Effect of light on glucose assimilation in Tolypothrix tenuis. J. Gen. Appl. Microbiol., 8, 165-168.
Strain(s): 37 
Kobayashi, H., Ohta, S., Murao, N., Tachibana, H., Yamagata, S. 2000 Radiative transfer model for satellite remote sensing of ocean colors in coastal zones. J. Global Environ. Eng., 6, 13-31.
Keywords: equation of radiative transfer; coastal pollution; discharge of soil particle; red tide
Strain(s): 16 
Kobayashi, M. 2000 In vivo antioxidant role of astaxanthin under oxidative stress in the green alga Haematococcus pluvialis. Appl. Microbilo. Biotechnol., 54, 550-555.
Strain(s): 144 
Kobayashi, M., Hatta, K., Sugai, M. 1987 Endopolyploidy in Chlorella. Arch. Mikrobiol., 146, 309-314.
Strain(s): 2170 
Kobayashi, M., Hirai, N., Kurimura, Y., Ohigashi, H., Tsuji, Y. 1997 Abscisic acid-dependent algal morphogenesis in the unicellular green alga Haematococcus pluvialis. Plant Growth Regulation, 22, 79-85.
Keywords: abscisic acid; active oxygen; carotenoid; cyst formation; drought stress; Haematococcus pluvialis
Strain(s): 144 
Kobayashi, M., Kakizono, T., Nagai, S. 1991 Astaxanthin production by a green alga, Haematococcus pluvialis accompanied with morphological changes in acetate media. J. Ferment. Bioeng., 71, 335-339.
Strain(s): 144 
Kobayashi, M., Kakizono, T., Nagai, S. 1993 Photo-dependent astaxanthin biosynthesis in a green alga, Haematococcus pluvialis. Seibutsu-Kôgaku, 71, 233-237 (in Japanese with English summary).
Strain(s): 144 
Kobayashi, M., Kakizono, T., Nishio, N., Nagai, S. 1992 Effects of light intensity, light quality, and illumination cycle on astaxanthin formation in a green alga, Haematococcus pluvialis. J. Ferment. Bioeng., 74, 61-63.
Strain(s): 144 
Kobayashi, M., Kakizono, T., Nishio, N., Nagai, S., Kurimura, Y., Tsuji, Y. 1997 Antioxidant role of astaxanthin in the green alga Haematococcus pluvialis. Appl. Microbiol. Biotechnol., 48, 351-356.
Strain(s): 144 
Kobayashi, M., Kakizono, T., Yamaguchi, K., Nishio, N., Nagai, S. 1992 Growth and asta-xanthin formation of Haematococcus pluvialis in heterotrophic and mixotrophic conditions. J. Ferment. Bioeng., 74, 17-20.
Strain(s): 144 
Kobayashi, M., Kurimura, Y., Kakizono, T., Nishio, N., Tsuji, Y. 1997 Morphological changes in the life cycle of the green alga Haematococcus pluvialis. J. Ferment. Bioeng., 84, 94-97.
Keywords: astaxanthin; encystment; germination; Haematococcus pluvialis; life cycle; maturation
Strain(s): 144 
Kobayashi, M., Kurimura, Y., Sakamoto, Y., Tsuji, Y. 1997 Selective extraction of astaxanthin and chlorophyll from the green alga Haematococcus pluvialis. Biotechnol. Tech., 11, 657-660.
Strain(s): 144 
Kobayashi, M., Kurimura, Y., Tsuji, Y. 1997 Light-independent, astaxanthin production by the green microalga Haematococcus pluvialis under salt stress. Biotechnol. Lett., 19, 507-509.
Strain(s): 144 
Kobayashi, M., Okada, T. 2000 Protective role of astaxanthin against u.v.-B irradiation in the green alga Haematococcus pluvialis. Biotechnol. Lett., 22, 177-181.
Keywords: antioxidant; astaxanthom; Haematococcus pluvialis oxidative stress; u.v.-B;
Strain(s): 144 
Kobayashi, M., Todoroki, Y., Hirai, N., Kurimura, Y., Ohigashi, H., Tsuji, Y. 1998 Biological activities of abscisic acid analogs in the morphological change of the green alga Haematococcus pluvialis. J. Ferment. Bioeng., 85, 529-531.
Keywords: abscisic acid; astaxanthin; carotenogenesis; drought stress; encystment; plant hormone; Haematococcus pluvialis
Strain(s): 144 
Kobayashi, T. Takahara, M., Miyagishima, S, Kuroiwa, H., Sasaki, N., Ohta, N., Kuroiwa, T. 2002 Detection and localization of a chloroplast-encoded HU-like protein that may organize chloroplast nucleoids. Plant Cell, 14, 1579-1589.
Strain(s): 3377 
PubMed: 12119376
DOI: 10.1105/tpc.002717
Kobayashi, Y., Kanesaki, Y., Tanaka, A., Kuroiwa, H., Kuroiwa, T., Tanaka, K. 2009 Tetrapyrole signal as a cell cycle coordinator from organelle to nuclear DNA replication in plant cells. Proc. Nati. Acad. Sci. U. S. A., 106, 803-807.
Strain(s): 3377 
PubMed: 19141634
DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0804270105
Kobayashi, Y., Takusagawa, M., Harada, N., Fukao, Y., Yamaoka, S., Kohchi, T., Hori, K., Ohta, H., Shikanai, T., Nishimura, Y. 2016 Eukaryotic components remodeled chloroplast nucleoid organization during the green plant evolution. Genome Biol. Evol., 8, 1-16.
Keywords: chloroplast; nucleoid; evolution; endosymbiosis
Strain(s): 2285 
PubMed: 26608058
DOI: 10.1093/gbe/evv233
Kodani, S., Ishida, K., Murakami, M. 1998 Dehydroradiosumin, a trypsin inhibitor from the cyanobacterium Anabaena cylindrica. J. Nat. Prod., 61, 854-856.
Strain(s): 19 
Kodani, S., Ishida, K., Murakami, M. 1999 Occurrence and identification of UDP-N-acetylmuramyl-pentapeptide from the cyanobacterium Anabaena cylindrica. FEMS Microbiol. Lett., 176, 321-325.
Keywords: cyanobacterium; UDP-N-acetylmuramyl-pentapeptide; peptidoglycan
Strain(s): 19 
Koeduka, T., Ishizaki, K., Mwenda, C. M., Hori, K., Sasaki-Sekimoto, Y., Ohta, H., Kohchi, T., Matsui, K. 2015 Biochemical characterization of allene oxide synthases from the liverwort Marchantia polymorpha and green microalgae Klebsormidium flaccidum provides insight into the evolutionary divergence of the plant CYP74 family. Planta, 242, 1175-1186.
Keywords: Allene oxide synthase; Plant evolution; CYP74; Hydroperoxide lyase; C8 volatiles
Strain(s): 2285 
DOI: 10.1007/s00425-015-2355-8
Koga, T., Arasaki, T., Tanaka, T., Ueda, S. 1991 Studies on cell fusion of microalgae, part 2 protoplast induction and regeneration of Chlorella. Annu. Rep. Kumamoto Kogyo Univ., 17, 279-286.
Strain(s): 2163 
Koga, T., Arasaki, T., Tanaka, T., Ueda, S. 1991 Studies on cell fusion of microalgae, part 3 interspecific cell fusion of Chlorella. Annu. Rep. Kumamoto Kogyo Univ., 17, 287-293.
Strain(s): 2163 
Kohata, K., Watanabe, M. 1987 The use of a controlled experimental ecosystem (Microcosm) in studies of mechanism of red tide outbreaks (VI) - Diurnal changes of C/N ratio and distribution of chloroplast pigments in the culture of Chattonella antiqua, a red tide flagellate. Res. Rep. Natl. Inst. Environ. Stud., No. 110, 67-77 (in Japanese with English summary).
Strain(s): 1 
Kohata, K., Watanabe, M. 1988 Diel changes in the composition of photosynthetic pigments and cellular carbon and nitrogen in Chattonella antiqua (Raphidophyceae). J. Phycol., 24, 58-66.
Keywords: carotenoids; cellular carbon; Chattonella antiqua; chlorophyll; diel change; laboratory culture tank; light-dark cycles
Strain(s): 1 
Kohata, K., Watanabe, M. 1989 Diel changes in the composition of photosynthetic pigments and cellular carbon and nitrogen in Pyramimonas parkeae (Prasinophyceae). J. Phycol., 25, 377-385.
Keywords: carotenoids; cellurar carbon; chlorophyll; diel change; laboratory culture tank; light-dark cycles; loroxanthin dodecenoate; Pyremimonas parkeae
Strain(s): 254 
Kohata, K., Watanabe, M., Yamanaka, K. 1991 Highly sensitive determination of photosynthetic pigments in marine in situ samples by high-performance liquid chromatography. J. Chromatogr. A 558, 131-140.
Strain(s): 254323353 
Kojima, E., Yamaguchi, Y. 1988 Photoproduction of hydrogen by adapted cells of Chlorella pyrenoidosa. J. Ferment. Technol., 66, 19-25.
Strain(s): 685 
Komor, E., Cho, B.-H., Kraus, M. 1988 The occurrence of the glucose-inducible transport systems for glucose, proline, and arginine in different species of Chlorella. Botanica Acta, 101, 321-326.
Keywords: Amino acid transport; induction by glucose; Chlorella; classification
Strain(s): 6872150 
Kondo, F., Ikai, Y., Oka, H., Ishikawa, N., Watanabe, M. F., Watanabe, M., Harada, K., Suzuki, M. 1992 Separation and identification of microcystins in cyanobacteria by frit-fast atom bombardment liquid chromatography / mass spectrometry. Toxicon, 30, 227-237.
Strain(s): 1213 
Kondo, R., Kagiya, G., Hiroishi, S., Watanabe, M. 2000 Genetic typing of a bloom-forming cyanobacterial genus Microcystis in Japan using 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis. Plankton Biol. Ecol., 47, 1-6.
Keywords: genetic typing; 16S rDNA; Microcystis; cyanobacteria; phylogenetic analysis
Strain(s): 878990919899100102105106108109110111112298299604105510611068107610901091110511421164 
Kondo, R., Kagiya, G., Hiroishi, S., Watanabe, M., Hata, Y. 1999 Rapid DNA extraction from a bloom-forming cyanobacterium. Microbes. Environ., 14, 157-161.
Keywords: DNA extraction; PCR; Microcystis; cyanobacteria
Strain(s): 878990919899100102105106108109110111112298299604105510611068107610901091110511421164 
Kondo, R., Kagiya, G., Komura, M., Yuki, Y., Hiroishi, S., Watanabe, M. 2000 Molecular taxonomy of a bloom-forming cyanobacterial genus Microcystis. Bull. Plankton Soc. Japan, 47, 25-33 (in Japanese with English summary).
Keywords: cyanobacteria; Microcystis; bacterial criteria; molecular analysis
Strain(s): 878990919899100102105106108109110111112298299604105510611068107610901091110511421164 
Kondo, R., Kagiya, G., Yuki, Y., Hiroishi, S., Watanabe, M. 1998 Taxonomy of a bloom-forming cyanobacterial genus Microcystis. Nippon Suisan Gakkaishi, 64, 291-292 (in Japanese with English title).
Strain(s): 878990919899100102105106107108109110111112298299604 
Kondo, R., Yoshida, T., Yuki, Y., Hiroishi, S. 2000 DNA-DNA reassociation among a bloom-forming cyanobacterial genus, Microcystis. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 50, 67-770.
Keywords: DNA hybridization; DNA G+C content; cyanobacteria; Microcystis
Strain(s): 878998102111112298604 
Konno, R., Wakabayashi, A. 1987 Effects of chemical substance on the growth of algae [Sôrui no zôsyoku ni oyobosu kagakubusshitsu no eikyô]. Tokyo-to Kankyô Kagaku Kenkyûjo Nenpô. 1987, 4 pp. (in Japanese without English title).
Strain(s): 35 
Kooistra, W. H. C. F., Sarno, D., Balzano, S., Gu, H., Andersen, R. A., Zingone, A. 2008 Global diversity and biogeography of Skeletonema species (Bacillariophyta). Protist, 159, 177-193.
Keywords: biogeography; cryptic species; distribution; LSU rDNA; phytoplankton; Skeletonema costatum
Strain(s): 1617223323324 
Koskenniemi, K., Lyra, C., Rajaniemi-Wacklin, P., Jokela, J., Sivonen, K. 2007 Quantitative real-time PCR detection of toxic Nodularia cyanobacteria in the Baltic Sea. Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 73, 2173-2179.
Strain(s): 8189102 
Koumura, Y., Suzuki, T., Yoshikawa, S., Watanabe, M., Iseki, M. 2004 The origin of photoactivated adenylyl cyclase (PAC), the Euglena blue-light receptor: phylogenetic analysis of orthologues of PAC subunits from several euglenoids and trypanosome-type adenylyl cyclases from Euglena gracilis. Photochem. Photobiol. Sci., 3, 580-586.
Strain(s): 48 
Krienitz, L., Bock, C., Nozaki, H., Wolf, M. 2011 SSU rRNA gene phylogeny of morphospecies affiliated to the bioassay alga "Selenastrum capricornutum" recovered the polyphyletic origin of crescent-shaped Chlorophyta. J. Phycol., 47, 880-893.
Keywords: Kirchneriella; Neocystis mucosa sp. nov..; Nephrochlamys; Raphidocelis; Rhombocystis; Selenastrum; SSU rRNA gene phylogeny; taxonomy; Tetranephris; ultrastructure
Strain(s): 2708270927102711271227132714 
Krupnik, T., Kotabová, E., van Bezouwen, L. S., Mazur, R., Garstka, M., Nixon, P. J., Barber, J., Kaňa, R., Boekema, E. J., Kargul, J. 2013 A reaction center-dependent photoprotection mechanism in a highly robust photosystem II from an extremophilic red alga, Cyanidioschyzon merolae. J. Biol. Chem., 288, 23529-23542.
Strain(s): 1332 
DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M113.484659
Kubo, T., Abe, J.,  Saito, T., Matsuda, Y. 2002 Genealogical relationships among laboratory strains of Chlamydomonas reinhardtii as inferred from matrix metalloprotease genes. Curr. Genet., 41, 115-122.
Keywords: Chlamydomonas reinhardtii; Chlamydomonas smithii; matrix metalloprotease genes; molecular phylogeny
Strain(s): 2235 
Kubo, T., Saito, T., Fukuzawa, H., Matsuda, Y. 2001 Two tandemly-located matrix metalloprotease genes with different expression patterns in the Chlamydomonas sexual cell cycle. Curr. Genet., 40, 136-143.
Keywords: cell wall degradation; Chlamydomonas reinhardtii; gametolysin; zygote-specific gene
Strain(s): 2235 
Kuchitsu, K., Oh-hama, T., Tsuzuki, M., Miyachi, S. 1987 Detection and characterization of acidic compartments (vacuoles) in Chlorella vulgaris 11h cells by 31P-in vivo NMR spectroscopy and cytochemical techniques. Arch. Mikrobiol., 148, 83-87.
Strain(s): 2160 
Kuchitsu, K., Tsuzuki, M., Miyachi, S. 1988 Changes of starch localization within the chloroplast induced by changes in CO2 concentration during growth of Chlamydomonas reinhardtii. Independent regulation of pyrenoid starch and stroma starch. Plant Cell Physiol., 29, 1269-1278.
Keywords: Chlamydomonas (Chlorophyta); chloroplast; CO2 concentration; pyrenoid; starch; stroma
Strain(s): 2235 
Kuchitsu, K., Tsuzuki, M., Miyachi, S. 1988 Characterization of the pyrenoid isolated from unicellular green alga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii. Particulate form of RuBisCO protein. Protoplasma, 144, 17-24.
Keywords: Chlamydomonas; pyrenoid; ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase (RuBisCO); stroma
Strain(s): 2235 
Kumagai, M., Takamura, Y., Yagi, O., Sudo, R. 1986 Interactions between Microcystis aeruginosa and Moraxella nonliquefaciens. Jpn. J. Limnol., 47, 219-228 (in Japanese with English summary).
Keywords: blue-green algae; Microcystis; interaction
Strain(s): 604 
Kumazaki, S., Akari, M., Hasegawa, M. 2013 Transformation of thylakoid membranes during differentiation from vegetative cell into heterocyst visualized by microscopic spectral imaging. Plant Physiol., 161, 1321-1333.
Strain(s): 2095 
DOI: 10.1104/pp.112.206680
Kume, N., Isono, T., Katoh, T. 1982 Stability of cyanobacterial phycobilisomes in reference to their concentration. Photobiochem. Photobiophys., 4, 25-37.
Strain(s): 2093 
Kume, N., Katoh, T. 1982 Dissociation kinetics of Anabaena phycobilisomes. Plant Cell Physiol., 23, 803-812.
Keywords: Anabaena variabilis; blue-green alga; dissociation kinetics; molecular assembly; phycobiliprotein; phycobilisome
Strain(s): 2093 
Kuno, S., Yoshida, T., Kamikawa, R., Hosoda, N., Sako, Y. 2010 The distribution of a phage-related insertion sequence element in the cyanobacterium, Microcystis aeruginosa. Microbes. Environ., 25, 295-301.
Keywords: cyanobacteria; Microcystis; cyanophage; insertion sequence; horizontal gene transfer
Strain(s): 90919899102112298604843105810671070108610981105 
Kunugi, M., Matsumoto, M., Kondo, K. 2010 Effect of culture conditions on production of useful materials by Haematococcus pluvialis. Bull. Soc. Sea Water Sci., Jpn, 64, 297-304.
Keywords: biomass; microalgae; carbon dioxide; useful material production
Strain(s): 144 
Kunugi, M., Satoh. S., Ihara. K., Shibata. K., Yamagishi. Y., Kogame. K., Obokata. J., Takabayashi. A., Tanaka. A. 2016 Evolution of green plants accompanied changes in light-harvesting systems. Plant Cell Physiol., 57, 1231-1243.
Keywords: Evolution; Green algae; Land plants; Light adaptation; Photosystem
Strain(s): 254141925412582 
PubMed: 27057002
DOI: 10.1093/pcp/pcw071
Kuramoto, T., Iwamoto, K., Izumi, M., Kirihata, M., Yoshizako, F. 1999 Asymmetric reduction of ethyl 2-methyl 3-oxobutanoate by Chlorella. Biosci. Biotechnol. Biochem., 63, 598-601.
Keywords: Chlorella; asymmetric reduction; ethyl 2-methyl 3-oxobutanoate; (2S, 3S)-ethyl 2-methyl 3-hydroxybutanoate; (2S, 3R)-ethyl 2-methyl 3-hydroxybutanoate
Strain(s): 226227 
Kuroiwa, T. 1998 The primitive red algae Cyanidium caldarium and Cyanidioschyzon merolae as model system for investigating the dividing apparatus of mitochondria and plastids. Bioessays, 20, 344-354.
Strain(s): 3377 
DOI: 10.1002/(SICI)1521-1878(199804)20:4<344::AID-BIES11>3.0.CO;2-2
Kuroiwa, T., Kuroiwa, H., Sakai, A., Takahashi, H., Toda, K., Itoh, R. 1998 The division apparatus of plastids and mitochondria. Int. Rev. Cytol., 181, 1-41.
Keywords: Cytokinesis; Organellokinesis; Organelle division; Mitochondrial division; Plastid division; FtsZ; Contractile ring; Cell division
Strain(s): 3377 
DOI: 10.1016/S0074-7696(08)60415-5
Kuroiwa, T., Ohnuma, M., Nozaki, H., Imoto, Y., Misumi, O., Kuroiwa, H. 2015 Cytological evidence of cell-nuclear genome size of a new ultra-small unicellular freshwater green alga, “Medakamo hakoo” strain M-hakoo 311 I. Comparison with Cyanidioschyzon merolae and Ostreococcus tauri. Cytologia, 80, 143-150.
Keywords: Ultra-small alga; Chlorophyte M. hakoo; Cyanidioschyzon merolae; Ostreococcus tauri; Genome size; Cytochemistry
Strain(s): 3377 
DOI: 10.1508/cytologia.80.143
Kuroiwa, T., Suzuki, T., Ogawa, K., Kawano, S. 1981 The chloroplast nucleus: Distribution, number, size and shape, and a model for the multiplication of the chloroplast genome during chloroplast development. Plant Cell Physiol., 22, 381-396.
Keywords: chloroplast nuclei; classification (chloroplast); development (Chloroplast); division cycle (chloroplast)
Strain(s): 472572 
Kuroiwa, Y., Al-Maamari, R. S., Tasaki, M., Okamura, K., Sueyoshi, M., Nakashima, A., Yoshida, E., Suzuki, K. 2014 Spirulina subsalsa var. salina var. nov.: Thermo-halotolerant cyanobacteria accumulating two kinds of compatible solute, originated from the Sultanate of Oman. J. Environ. Biotechnol. (環境バイオテクノロジー学会誌), 14, 43-56.
Keywords: Spirulina subsalsa var. salina var. nov.; Halospirulina; halotolerant; glycine betamine; O-α-D-glucopyranosyl-(1→2)-glycerole
Strain(s): 3373 
Kushibiki, A., Yokoyama, A., Iwataki, M., Yokoyama, J., West, J. A., Hara, Y. 2012 New unicellular red alga, Bulboplastis apyrenoidosa gen. et sp. nov. (Rhodellophyceae, Rhodophyta) from the mangroves of Japan: Phylogenetic and ultrastructural observations. Phycol. Res., 60, 114-122.
Keywords: Bulboplastis apyrenoidosa; chloroplast; Golgi body; mannitol; nucleus-associated organelles; small subunit rDNA; ultrastructure; unicellular red alga
Strain(s): 2742 
Kusumi, T., Ooi, T., Watanabe, M. M. Takahashi, H., Kakisawa, H. 1987 Cyanoviridin RR, a toxin from the cyanobacterium (blue-green alga) Microcystis viridis. Tetrahedron Letters, 28, 4695-4698.
Strain(s): 102 
Kusumi, T., Takata, Y., Itatsu, Y., Zha, J. 2014 Whole effluent toxicity assessment of industrial effluents in Toyama, Japan with a battery of short-term chronic bioassays. J. Water Environ. Technol., 12, 55-63.
Keywords: aqquatic organism; ecotoxic effect; industrial effluent; whole effluent toxicity (WET)
Strain(s): 35 
DOI: 10.2965/jwet.2014.55
Kimura, J. 2011 Screening for allelopathic activity on algal growth. Bull. Hiroshima Pref. Tech. Res. Inst., Publ. Health Environ. Center, 19, 37-46 (in Japanese with English title).
Keywords: Microcystis; Chlorella; Nitzschia; growth inhibition; allelopathy
Strain(s): 487642 
Kawachi, Y., Tomita, T., Matsunaga, N., Murase, N. 2015 Observation of Spirulina platensis during freeze-thawing for the purpose of establishment of cryopreservation protocol. Cryobiology and Cryotechnology, 61, 65-68 (in Japanese with English summary).
Strain(s): 46 
Kobayashi, N., Yukumoto, M. 2017 Improvement of micro algae yield by culture condition optimization.) 第12回バイオマス科学会議発表論文集, 145-146 (in Japanese with English summary).
Strain(s): 96 
DOI: 10.20550/jiebiomassronbun.12.0_145
Kimura, Y., Tomita-Yokotani, K., Katho, H., Sato, S., Ohmori, M. 2017 Complete life cycle and heat tolerance of dry colonies of a terrestrial cyanobacterium, Nostoc sp. HK-01. Biological Sciences in Space, 31, 1-8.
Keywords: compatible solute; cyanobacteria; extracellular polysaccharides; heat tolerance; life cycle of cell; Nostoc sp. HK-01
Strain(s): 2109 
DOI: 10.2187/bss.31.1
Kimura, K., Tomaru, Y. 2017 Effects of temperature and salinity on diatom cell lysis by DNA and RNA viruses. Aquat. Microb. Ecol., 79, 79-83.
Keywords: Water temperature; Water salinity; Host-virus interactions; Diatom lysis
Strain(s): 37143716 
DOI: 10.3354/ame01818
Khanam, MR., Shimasaki, Y., Hosain, MZ., Mukai, K., Tsuyama, M., Qiu, X., Tasmin, R., Goto, H., Oshima, Y. 2017 Diuron causes sinking retardation and physiochemical alteration in marine diatoms Thalassiosira pseudonana and Skeletonema marinoi-dohrnii complex. Chemosphere, 175, 200-209.
Keywords: Sinking rate; Thalassiosira pseudonanaSkeletonema marinoi-dohrnii complex; Diuron
Strain(s): 324 
PubMed: 28222374
DOI: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2017.02.054
Kohira, M., Matsumoto, T., Yamada, Y., Nanba, N., Kado, R. 2017 Effects of hydrogen peroxide on phytoplanktons, seaweed gametophytes, marine harpacticoid copepod and striped barnacle larvae. Sessile Organisms, 34, 1-12 (in Japanese with English summary).
Keywords: hydrogen peroxide; marine ecotoxicity; seaweed gametophytes; phytoplankton; zooplankton
Strain(s): 23532458613751429 
DOI: 10.4282/sosj.34.1

Unauthorized copying and replication of text, images, and tables in our homepage, are prohibited.